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The  La^v 
Trained  Man 

By  W.  C.  Weemuth 
Secretary,  Blackstone  Institute 

Black STONE  Institute 

The   Sprague    Correspondence    School    of   Law 

Jackson  Boxilevard 



Copyright,  1915 








The  Sprague  Correspondence  School  of  Law. 

(The  Oldest  and  Largest  Institution  for  Law  Training  in 

the  World.) 


(The  Members  of  the  Staff 
Modern  American  Law 

Griffith  Ogden  Ellis,  LL.B. 
Arthur  L.   Sanborn,  LL.B. 
Eugene  A.  Gilmore,  A.B.,  LL.B. 
Russell  Whitman,  A.B.,  LL.B. 
Leo  Greendlinger,  M.C.S.,  C.P.A. 
William  N.  Gemmill,  Ph.B.,  LL.D. 
Oliver  A.  Harker,  A.M.,  LL.D. 

Prepare  and  Conduct  the 
Course  and  Service.) 

William  Hoynes,  L.L.D.,  K.S.C. 
George  G.  Bogert,  A.B.,  LL.B. 
Herbert  F.  DeBower,  LL.B. 
William  G.  Hale,  B.S.,  LL.B. 
John  G.  Campbell,  A.B.,  LL.B. 
Francis  L.  Harwood,  A.B.,  LL.B. 
Arthur  M.  Harris. 
Edgar  A.  Jonas,  Lit.B.,  LL.B. 

Special  Lecturers* 

(The  Special  Lecturers  Prepare  Written  Lectures  for  the 
Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service.) 

Hon.  Paul  S.  Reinsch,  A.B., 

Ph.D.,  LL.B. 
Hon.  William  C.  Fitts 
Bruce  Wyman,  A.M.,  LL.B. 
Edgar  A.  Bancroft,  M.A.,  LL.B. 
Henry  H.   Ingersoll,  M.A., 

William  C.  Jones,  A.B.,  M.A. 
Philip  Nichols,  A.B.,  LL.B. 
Lawrence  Chamberlain,  M.A. 
James  L.  Hopkins,  LL.B. 

Hon.  John  L.  Burnett,  M.C. 
Arthur  W.   Blakemore,  A.B., 

WilliamL.  Burdick,  Ph.D.,  LL.B. 
William  L.  Symons,  LL.M., 

George  F.  Tucker,  Ph.D.,  LL.B. 
Harvey  N.  Shepard,  A.B. 
George  F.  Wells,  LL.D. 
T.  J.  Moll,  Ph.B.,  LL.B. 
Edwin  Maxey,  D.C.L.,  LL.D. 

Editors  of  Modern  American  Law'' 

Etjgene  Allen  Gilmore,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Associate  Editor 
William  C.  Webmuth,  M.S.,  LL.B. 

•Biogrraphical  notes  are  to  be  found  in  Chapter  X. 

[  3  ] 

Aittliors  of  Modem  American  Law^ 

John  B.  Winslow,  A.B.,  LL.D. 
Orrin  N.  Carter,  LL.D. 
Arthur  L.  Sanborn,  LL.B. 
Emlin  McClain,  A.M.,  LL.D.** 
George  C.  Holt,  A.B.,  LL.D. 
William  N.  Gemmill,  Ph.B., 

Philip  Nichols,  A.B.,  LL.B. 
L   Maurice  Wormser,  A.B., 

John  R.  Rood,  LL.B. 

C.  A.  Huston,  A.B.,  J.D.,  S.J.D. 
John  Wurts,  M.A.,  LL.B.,  M.L. 
William  P.  Rogers,  A.B.,  LL.D. 
Bruce  Wyman,  A.M.,  LL.B. 
Paul  S.  Reinsch,  Ph.D.,  LL.B. 
G.  L.  Clark,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  S.J.D. 
William  L.  Burdick,  Ph.D., 

William  E.  Mikell,  B.S. 
William  E.  Higgins,  B.S.,LL.B 
Henry  W.  Ballantine,   A.B., 

Frederick  W.  Schenk 

D.  0.  McGovney,  A.M.,  LL.B. 
George  F.  Wells,  LL.D. 
William  C.  Jones,  A.B.,  M.A. 
John  H.  Perry,  M.A.,  LL.B. 
Charles  S.  Cutting,  LL.D. 
Oliver  A.  Harker,  A.M.,  LL.D. 
Frank  L.  Simpson,  A.B.,  LL.B. 
Charles  M.  Hepburn,  A.B., 

Charles  E.  Carpenter,  A.M., 

Harvey  N.  Shepard,  A.B. 
Henry  W.  Humble.  A.M.,  LL.B. 
Henry   H.    IngersoU,    M.A., 

John  N.   Pomeroy,  A.M.,  LL.B. 
W.  L.  Symons,  LL.M.,  M.P.L. 
Barry  Gilbert,  A.B.,  LL.B. 
Edwin  Maxey,  D.C.L.,  LL.D. 
George  Lawyer,  A.M.,  LL.B. 
John  T.  Loughran,  LL.B. 
Theophilus  J.  Moll,  P^.B., 

James  W.  McCreery 
George  G.  Bogert,  A.B.,  LL.B. 
Edward  D.  Osborn 
Arthur  W.  Blakemore,  A.B., 

James  L.  Hopkins,  LL.B. 
William  G.  Hale,  B.S.,  LL.B. 
George  F.  Tucker,  Ph.D.,  LL.B. 
James  W.  Garner,  B.S.,  Ph.D. 
R.  L.  Henry,  Ph.B.,  J.D.,  B.C.L 
Louis  B.  Ewbank,  LL.B. 
John  Charles  Townes,  LL.D. 
Elmer  M.  Liessmann,  LL.B. 
William  A.  Ferguson,  A.M. 

H.  Claude  Horack,  Ph.B.,  LL.B. 
William  E.  Colby,  LL.B. 
Arthur  M.  Cathcart,  A.B. 
Oliver   S.   Rundell,   LL.B. 
Manley  0.  Hudson,  A.M.,  LL.B. 
Francis  L.  Harwood,  A.B., 


♦Biographical   Notes   are   to   be  found  in  Chapter  X. 

[  4  ] 



Chapter  I- 

Chapter  II- 

Chapter  III- 

Chapter  IV- 

Chapter  Y- 

Chapter  VI- 

Chapter  ^^II — 

Chapter  VIII- 

Chapter  IX- 

Chapter  X- 


-The   New   Profession       7 

-The  Profession  of 
Law  .         .         .12 

-Law  and  American 
Business  .  .     23 

-Public  Life  and  Social 
Service      .  .  .42 

-Foundation  of  Black- 
stone  Institute  .  .     50 

-Modern  American 
Law  Course  and  Serv- 
ice    .  .  .  .62 

Distinctive  Advan- 
ta^-es  of  Blackstone 
Institute    .  .  .94 

-Final  Judgment  .   110 

■Evidence  From  Those 
Who  Know        .  .   113 

Organization  of 
Blackstone     Institute  149 

*'Law  is  a  true  science  of 
which  every  educated  person 
shoxdd  have  at  least  a  general 

— Chief  Justice   Winslow, 

Supreme  Court  of  Wisconsin. 

The  Opportunities  Open 

to  the 

Law  Trained  Man 


The  Law  Trained  Man 

WILLIAM  CARPENTER  was  a  man  of  av- 
erage natural  ability.  He  was  a  hard  and 
steady  worker,  healthy  in  mind  and  body, 
and  strong  in  common  sense.  To  these  natural 
qualities  he  added  a  law  training  which  developed 
his  self-control  and  clear  thinking  power. 

Carpenter  was  born  and  educated  in  a  country 
town.  When  he  moved  to  a  thriving  city  in  an- 
other state  and  opened  a  law  office  he  was  without 
friends  or  reputation. 

His  first  clients  were  business  men  of  small 
means.  Their  affairs,  however,  brought  him  in 
touch  with  large  companies.  Presently  these  cor- 
porations entrusted  him  with  small  matters,  and 
later,  cases  involving  large  amounts  of  money. 

In  the  course  of  his  practice.  Carpenter  became 
familiar  with  the  inner  workings  of  business  organi- 
zations and  methods.  Each  new  case  gave  him  the 
opportunity  for  further  study  and  the  handling  of 
different  kinds  of  business  problems.  These  ripened 
his  business  judgment. 

The  president  of  one  of  these  corporations  was 
called  to   South  America   on   a  business  venture. 

[  7] 


Carpenter  was  made  general  counsel  with  the  au- 
thority to  act  for  the  president  during  his  absence. 
He  guided  the  affairs  of  the  company  with  the  cor- 
rect judgment  which  distinguishes  the  man  who 
knows  law. 

Tlie  successful  way  in  which  he  directed  the  af- 
fairs of  the  company  was  recognized  and  appre- 
ciated by  the  directors.  When  they  formed  a  new 
enterprise  a  short  time  later,  Carpenter  was  re- 
quested to  organize  the  business.  He  was  also  given 
the  opportunity  to  acquire  an  interest  in  the  new 

Again,  Carpenter's  knowledge  of  law  won  the 
day.  In  six  months  the  company  was  paying  divi- 
dends, and  he  turned  his  attention  to  other  mat- 

About  this  time  the  city  undertook  a  vast  plan  of 
improvements.  It  involved  widening  streets,  con- 
demning property,  building  bridges,  and  construct- 
ing an  aqueduct  system. 

The  Mayor  appointed  Carpenter  a  member  of  the 
Ways  and  Means  Committee.  This  committee  was 
to  report  on  the  possibility  of  realizing  these  im- 
provements both  from  a  financial  and  legal  point 
of  view.  The  final  report  was  written  by  Carpen- 
ter. He  also  directed  the  campaign  which  gained 
the  support  of  the  voters  and  carried  the  recommen- 
dations of  his  report  through  the  City  Council. 

These  important  achievements  won  for  him  the 
name  of  an  efficient  public  servant.     A  few  years 


later  lie  was  elected  Mayor  of  the  city  and  later 
Governor  of  the  state. 

After  serving  two  terms  as  Governor,  Carpenter 
retired  from  public  life — wealthy,  honored  and  rep- 
resentative of  the  leading  thought  in  his  community. 

Carpenter  then  devoted  himself  to  the  big  social 
problems  which  confronted  the  growing  city.  His 
law  training,  supported  by  business  experience  and 
a  public  career,  enabled  him  to  draft  legislation 
which  was  fundamentally  sound,  both  legally  and 

He  is  now  on  almost  every  civic  and  charity 
board.  He  counsels  the  public  officers  and  guides 
many  a  civil  enterprise.  He  is  rounding  out  a  full 
life  of  usefulness  to  himself,  his  family  and  to  man- 

Carpenter  began  his  career  as  a  lawyer.  Many 
men  continue  to  think  of  him  as  a  lawy^er,  but  in 
reality  he  is  more  than  a  member  of  the  legal  pro- 
fession. He  is  a  member  of  the  new  profession  of 
law  trained  men. 

Every  state,  every  city,  every  community  has 
members  of  this  new  profession  of  law  leaders. 
Some  of  them  have  never  practiced  law  but  all  of 
them  have  entered  business  or  politics  or  social 
service.  They  all  possess  one  common  quality — a 
law  training.  The  law  was  the  foundation  on  which 
their  success  was  built. 

The  New  Professiojt. 

A  knowledge  of  law  is  no  longer  left  to  lawyers 
alone.    The  progressive  American  citizen  now  con- 


siders  a  legal  education  an  essential  portion  of  the 
training  lie  is  to  receive  after  lie  reaches  his  ma- 

One  can  learn  the  rules  of  law  before  he  is  twen- 
ty-one but  the  man  who  is  coming  into  his  full  men- 
tal powers  obtains  the  greatest  rewards  from  his 
law  training.  He  has  suffered  at  least  some  of  the 
experiences  of  life.  He  knows  to  some  extent  the 
value  of  a  practical  education.  He  has  discovered 
that  the  successful  man  in  any  walk  of  life  is  in- 
variably the  law  trained  man. 

"Every  citizen,  whatever  his  calling,  should  possess  a 
knowledge  of  the  fundamentals  of  the  law." 

Committee  on  Education,  U.  S.  House  of  Representatives. 

This  does  not  mean  that  every  citizen  should  be- 
come a  lawyer.  It  does  mean  that  all  progressive 
thinking  men  and  women  who  are  ambitious  to  win 
success  should  be  law  trained. 

Today  there  are  more  law  trained  men  and  women 
than  there  are  practicing  lawyers. 

Where  are  they? 

Law  trained  men  are  to  be  found  wherever 
leaders  are  needed  in  business,  in  public  life  and 
in  social  and  civic  service.  Together  with  the  bench 
and  bar  they  constitute  a  new  profession — the  pro- 
fession of  leadership. 


You  want  to  be  successful.  You  are  constantly 
building  your  castles  and  dreaming  of  future  power 


and  prestige.  What  man  with  red  blood  in  his  ar- 
teries is  doing  otherwise?  You  may  have  just  pride 
that  you  have  the  ambition  to  become  a  leader,  for 
in  the  words  of  the  President  of  our  country : 

"No  man  that  does  not  see  visions  will  ever  realize  any 
hope  or  undertake  any  high  enterprise." 


How  TO  Become  a  Law  Trained  Man 

The  only  requirement  to  become  a  member  of  this 
new  profession  of  leaders  is  to  acquire  the  highest 
type  of  legal  training.  You  need  not  pass  the  bar 
examination  unless  you  seek  to  win  success  as  a 
member  of  the  bar.  You  need  not  have  specific  pre- 
liminary education  because  your  experiences  in  life 
have  unusually  equipped  you  for  the  successful 
reading  of  the  Course  and  Service  of  Blackstone  In- 

The  training  you  require  is  offered  to  you  by 
Blackstone  Institute,  of  which  Mr.  Chief  Justice 
Ladd  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Iowa  says : 

"Every  person  interested  in  the  law  will  receive  from 
Blackstone  Institute  an  unusually  excellent — in  fact,  the 
best  non-resident  system  of  instruction." 


Law's  Reward  in  a  Democracy 

IN  the  year  1868,  a  Confederate  soldier,  twenty- 
three  years  of  age,  applied  for  admission  to  the 
bar  in  Louisiana.  After  practicing  for  six 
years,  he  was  elected  to  the  State  Senate.  Ten  years 
later  he  became  a  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  of 
Louisiana.  He  was  further  honored  in  1891  by  be- 
ing elected  to  the  United  States  Senate. 

His  efficient  services  in  the  practice  of  the  pro- 
fession, on  the  bench  and  in  the  legislature,  again 
found  their  fitting  reward.  At  the  age  of  forty- 
nine,  in  1894,  he  was  appointed  an  Associate  Justice 
of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States.  Then, 
on  December  12,  1910,  President  Taft,  a  Repub- 
lican, appointed  this  Confederate  soldier  and  Dem- 
ocrat, Edward  Douglass  "White,  Chief  Justice  of 
the  highest  court  in  the  land. 

His  qualifications  for  this  greatest  honor  in  the 
legal  profession  are  those  which  any  lawyer  can 
possess : — a  well-organized  law  training,  fidelity,  in- 
dustry and  a  determination  to  progress. 

The  study  of  his  career  is  a  study  of  the  progress 
which  follows  industry — not  mere  chance.  It  rep- 
resents the  desirable  rewards  that  are  within  the 
reach  of  every  lawyer.     Chief  Justice  White  rose 



from  the  ranks  to  offices  of  the  highest  honors  be- 
cause the  profession  in  our  democracy  recognizes 
service  and  not  merely  birth  or  inheritance. 

"The  greatest  honor  in  the  profession  is  one  which 
every  lawyer  may  realize." 

The  Voice  of  Authority 

In  the  old  Senate  chamber  of  the  nation's  capitol 
at  Washington,  D.  C,  sits  the  Supreme  Court  of 
the  United  States: 

"The  most  august  tribunal  in  the  world." 

Promptly  at  twelve  o'clock  each  day  of  a  session 
the  bailiff  calls  for  order.  As  the  Justices  approach 
from  the  anteroom,  court  officers,  attorneys  and 
spectators  arise.  Preceded  by  Chief  Justice  White 
and  clad  in  solemn  robes  of  black,  the  members  of 
this  court  take  their  places  on  the  raised  platform 
at  the  east  end  of  the  courtroom.  Above  them  is 
draped  the  flag  of  the  nation. 

While  all  remain  standing,  the  court  crier's  voice 
rings  clearly  throughout  the  chamber  as  he  pro- 
nounces these  words : 

"Oyez,  Oyez,  Oyez!  All  persons  having  business  before 
the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States  are  admonished 
to  draw  near  and  give  attention,  for  the  court  is  now 
sitting.  God  save  the  United  States  and  this  honorable 

At  a  nod  from  the  Chief  Justice,  his  associates 


are  then  seated  in  luxurious  leather  chairs  placed 
immediately  behind  the  long  bench.  Pages  stand  in 
attendance  back  of  the  Justices. 

Immediately  in  front  of  the  bench  are  tables  and 
chairs  for  those  members  of  the  American  Bar  who 
are  admitted  to  practice  before  the  Supreme  Court. 
On  the  tables  are  found  quills,  a  custom  of  colonial 
times,  recalling  the  many  men,  who,  regardless  oif 
birth  or  inheritance,  have  attained  the  honor  and 
distinction  of  practicing  before  the  highest  court  in 
the  land. 

Separated  by  a  railing  from  the  enclosure  re- 
served for  these  attorneys  are  chairs  for  the  specta- 
tors. Hundreds  of  American  citizens  and  foreign 
visitors  pass  quietly  in  and  out  of  this  court  room 
daily,  deeply  impressed  by  the  wholesome  dignity 
and  strength  of  character  of  the  Supreme  Court  of 
the  United  States. 

The  Court  of  National  Jurisdiction 

To  this  court  the  federal  prosecutors  bring  of- 
fending monopolies  and  trusts.  Here  labor  and 
capital  present  their  problems  for  solution,  humble 
aliens  appeal  for  protection,  state  rights  are  pre- 
served and  national  honor  upheld.  In  the  Supreme 
Court  of  the  United  States  are  determined  our 
rights  to  pursue  happiness,  to  enjoy  liberty  and  to 
have  life  itself. 

Men  charged  with  serious  crimes  turn  to  this 
tribunal  to  have  their  fate  considered  for  the  last 


time.  It  is  the  court  of  last  resort — of  last  hope. 
Entirely  removed  from  the  suspicion  of  local  prej- 
udice this  court  of  courts  is  guided  in  its  decisions 
solely  by  the  dictates  of  law  and  equity. 

An  appointment  to  this  highest  court  is  within 
your  reach  as  a  lawyer. 

"Learning,  ability,  industry  and  integrity,  rarely  find 
more  certain  reward  than  in  the  profession  of  the  law." 

in  Modern  American  Law. 

The  Legal  Profession 

The  attorney  alone  can  best  fill  the  many  posi- 
tions on  the  bench.  Wliile  Justices  of  the  Peace 
are  not  always  members  of  the  bar,  eventually  they 
must  learn  the  law. 

This  places  within  the  grasp  of  the  members  of 
the  legal  profession,  the  highest  type  of  official 
honor  and  prestige.  They  naturally  reserve  for 
themselves  the  offices  of 

City  attorney. 

County  Attorney. 

State's  Attorney. 

Attorney  General  of  the  State. 

Federal  District  Attorney. 

Attorney  General  of  the  United  States. 

Justice  of  the  Peace. 

Municipal  Judge. 

County  Judge. 

State  Supreme  Court  Justice. 

Federal  District  and  Circuit  Court  of  Appeal  Judge. 

Justice  of  Court  of  Claims. 

Judge  of  Court  of  Customs  Appeals. 

Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States. 


No  other  profession  or  calling  offers  such  oppor- 
tunity for  independence,  for  prominence,  for  influ- 
ence and  for  the  acquisition  of  wealth  as  does  the 
profession  of  the  law.  He  is  a  poor  lawj^er,  indeed, 
who  cannot  earn  a  larger  income,  a  much  better 
living,  with  the  pleasure  and  satisfaction  of  an  in- 
dependent life,  than  can  the  teacher,  the  preacher, 
or  the  employe  in  someone  else's  business. 

There  is  but  one  lawyer  to  about  every  800  people 
in  the  United  States.  Surely  the  practice  of  law 
offers  infinite  opportunities. 

Guiding  the  Courts 

The  lawyer  guides  the  affairs  of  state,  solves  the 
problems  of  business  and  adjusts  the  disputes  of 
individuals.  His  influence,  his  opportunities  and  his 
rewards  are  unequaled. 

He  can  attain  political  preferment,  power  and 
wealth.  His  knowledge  commands  social  distinc- 
tion. His  acquaintances  include  the  prominent  men 
in  public  and  private  life.  His  independence  per- 
mits freedom  of  thought  and  of  action.  He  can 
create  opportunities  and  prepare  for  the  high  hon- 
ors which  are  within  his  reach. 

The  lawyer  guides  every  court  in  the  land.  In 
his  arguments  and  briefs  he  assists  these  tribunals 
to  decide  questions  correctly,  to  preserve  the  gov- 
ernment and  to  maintain  justice. 

The  prominent  names  in  history  are  those  of 
lawyers.     In  the  years  immediately  following  the 


American  Revolution  tlie  most  effective  forces  in 
bringing  order  out  of  chaos  were  the  services  of  law 
trained  men:  Daniel  Webster,  William  Pinckney, 
Rufus  Choate,  Jeremiah  Mason,  Alexander  Hamil- 
ton, James  Madison,  John  Jay,  John  C,  Calhoun, 
Henry  Clay,  Patrick  Henry. 

Todaj^  the  complex  problems  of  modern  govern- 
ment, personal  affairs  and  x\^merican  business  re- 
quire more  than  ever  the  services  of  lawyers: 

"This  Country  never  needed  lawyers  who  were  also 
statesmen  more  than  it  needs  them  now;  it  needs  them 
in  its  courts,  in  its  legislatures,  and  in  its  seats  of  execu- 
tive authority." 

to  the  American  Bar  Association. 

Hence  the  prominent  men  in  public  life  are  those 
who  are  law  trained.  History  will  name  many  of 
them:  President  Woodrow  Wilson,  Hon.  William 
Howard  Taft;  Former  Attorney  General  Wicker- 
sham,  the  trust  prosecutor;  Stephen  S.  Gregory, 
former  President  of  the  American  Bar  Association ; 
Herbert  S.  Hadley,  former  governor  of  Missouri; 
Luther  Laflin  Mills  and  Levy  Mayer  of  Chicago; 
Joseph  W.  Folk,  the  celebrated  prosecutor;  Frank 
B.  Kellogg,  the  attorney  for  the  Interstate  Com- 
merce Commission;  Judge  Kenesaw  Landis;  Clar- 
ence Harrow,  the  lawyer  for  labor ;  Judge  Ben  Lind- 
sey,  the  friend  of  children. 

You  can  prepare  for  similar  honors  by  reading  the 
Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service. 


"The  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service  offers 
thorough  preparation  in  law  for  applicants  for  admission 
to  the  bar." 

President,  Kankakee  County,  Illinois,  Bar  Association. 

How  THE  Lawyer  Influences  Business 

Increased  legislation  requires  the  services  of  at- 
torneys for  the  interpretation  of  statutes.  Old  laws 
are  continually  expanding  in  their  construction ;  for 
instance,  the  Interstate  Commerce  Clause  in  the 
Federal  Constitution.  It  is  the  privilege  of  tlie 
lawyer  and  judge  to  interpret  these  provisions  and 
to  advise  and  guide  their  clients. 

So  long  as  laws  are  made,  so  long  as  trade  must 
move,  so  long  as  agreements  must  be  upheld,  and 
so  long  as  business  and  society  must  be  maintained, 
BO  long  will  the  services  of  the  attorney  be  required. 

"It  is  difficult  to  see  how  civilized  society  can  dispense 
with  the  profession  of  the  law.  The  disputes  between 
men  must  be  settled  either  by  force  or  by  public  au- 
thority. As  the  population  of  the  country  increases  and 
business  becomes  more  complex  and  varied,  a  greater 
necessity  will  exist  for  men  trained  in  the  law." 

Supreme  Court  of  Illinois. 

There  was  never  a  time  when  clients  consulted 
attorneys  more  frequently  and  freely.  Appreciat- 
ing the  intimate  relationship  of  law  and  business, 
the  layman  has  learned  the  lesson  of  obtaining  the 
advice  of  his  counsel.    Visits  to  the  law  office  have 


become  as  common  as  those  to  the  physician.  The 
lawyer  is,  therefore,  retained  from  year  to  year  by 
large  firms  to  give  counsel  and  keep  his  clients  out 
of  litigation.  Many  a  business  house  engages  at- 
torneys to  devote  their  entire  time  to  the  protection 
and  enforcement  of  its  rights. 

The  business  world  has  turned  to  the  law  trained 
man  for  assistance.  His  services  are  sought  to  di- 
rect business  enterprises.  He  is  appointed  to  mem- 
bership on  boards  of  directors.  He  is  asked  to  be- 
come the  head  of  great  industrial  enterprises. 

In  organizing  corporations,  and  through  his  in- 
timate relationship  with  his  clients,  the  attorney  is 
continually  in  a  position  where  he  can  make  invest- 
ments and  reap  large  profits.  Lawyers  add  greatly 
to  their  income  through  the  increased  values  of 
shares  of  stock  which  they  received  for  services  ren- 
dered in  the  conduct  of  some  business. 

How  THE  Lawyer  Directs  Public  Affairs 

The  lawyer  has  always  been  selected  to  fill  the 
highest  public  honors  within  the  gift  of  our  democ- 
racy. The  knowledge  and  training  which  he  ac- 
quires eliminates  serious  competition  for  these  hon- 
ors on  the  part  of  other  vocations  and  professions. 

Public  affairs  are  thus  exclusively  the  field  for 
the  man  who  is  law  trained.  So  important  are  the 
opportunities  of  ambitious  men  in  public  life  that 
the  fourth  chapter  of  this  book  is  devoted  to  their 
faithful  story. 


Your  possibilities  as  a  law  trained  man  in  this 
ever-growing  field — with  its  ''acres  of  diamonds" — 
will  there  be  told. 

How  TO  Become  a  Lawyer 

In  the  early  history  of  the  states  men  were  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar  with  little  training  in  the  law. 
They  acquired  their  knowledge  of  fundamental  prin- 
ciples after  they  began  to  practice. 

Lincoln  studied  law  from  such  few  books  as  he 
could  obtain.  Were  he  a  law  student  today  it  is 
doubtful  if  even  he  could  prepare  for  the  bar  un- 
less he  followed  a  well-rounded  and  systematically 
arranged  course  in  law. 

"Conditions  now  are  widely  different  from  those 
of  that  time,"  says  Justice  Carter,  of  the  Supreme 
Court  of  Illinois,  in  the  Modern  American  Law 
Course  and  Service.  "The  young  man  who.  has  a 
regular  course  in  law  necessarily  stands  the  better 
chance  of  reaching  true  success  in  the  practice  of 
the  profession  than  one  who  never  had  an  oppor- 
tunity for  this  preliminary  study." 

The  resident  schools  offer  the  best  preparation 
for  the  bar  to  those  who  can  leave  their  homes  and 
occupations  to  attend  daily  sessions.  These  schools, 
however,  can  serve  only  a  few  of  the  great  number 
of  ambitious  men  and  women  who  are  naturally  in- 
clined toward  the  law  and  seek  to  practice  that 
great  profession. 

To  meet  their  needs  the  Blackstone  Institute  pro- 


vides  a  thorough  and  systematically  organized 
course  in  law.  An  ever-growing  number  of  men  and 
women  find  in  this  method  the  only  efficient  substi- 
tute for  resident  study.  It  is  based  on  law  school 
standards  and  conducted  in  accordance  with  uni- 
versity ideals. 

"My  attention  was  called  to  the  class  of  work  being 
done  by  your  Institute.  I  have  given  it  considerable 
investigation  and  I  desire  most  earnestly  to  commend  it 
to  the  young  men  of  our  country." 

Committee  on  Immigration  and  Naturalization. 

House  of  Representatives,  United  States. 

You  should  realize  that  mere  admission  to  the 
bar  is  not  the  most  important  thing  in  the  making 
of  a  lawyer.  It  onlj^  entitles  you  to  practice  law. 
But  to  be  able  to  practice  law  you  must  have  the 
thorough  practical  knowledge  furnished  by  the 
Blackstone  Institute  Course  and  Service. 

"I  must  confess  that  I  have  harbored  a  prejudice 
against  'correspondence'  systems  of  teaching  law  students, 
based  upon  the  fact  that  those  of  which  I  have  known 
heretofore  were  designed  to  get  young  men  through 
examinations  for  the  bar — not  to  give  them  any  scien- 
tific instruction  in  the  law.  'Modern  American  Law'  is 
entirely  different  from  these  systems.  It  is  scientific  in 
arrangement,  broad  in  its  scope,  entirely  practical." 

Supreme  Court  of  California. 

This  Course  and  Service  is  especially  adapted  for 
those  who  must  earn  while  they  learn.    It  furnishes 


features  which  otherwise  are  to  be  found  only  in  a 
college  course.  Distinguished  judges,  prominent 
lawyers  and  educators  in  leading  law  schools  de- 
clare this  method  to  be  the  best  system  of  study- 
ing law  at  home. 

Our  Graduates  in  Practice 

In  all  of  the  more  than  twenty-five  years  of  the 
existence  of  this  school,  we  have  heard  of  only  four 
of  our  graduates  who  have  failed  in  their  bar  ex- 
aminations, and  some  of  these  passed  on  their  sec- 
ond attempt.  Consider  the  thousands  that  were 
successful  and  you  have  the  most  conclusive  and 
convincing  evidence  of  the  success  of  our  methods. 
Few  resident  schools  can  point  to  such  a  record. 

We  agree  to  coach  free  any  graduate  of  Black- 
stone  Institute  who,  if  otherwise  qualified,  fails  to 
pass  the  bar  examination. 

"At  a  time  when  so  many  inferior  courses  in  law  are 
offered  to  those  who  do  not  have  every  opportunity  to 
investigate,  I  am  genuinely  pleased  to  be  able  to  recom- 
mend your  course  of  instruction  to  every  one  interested 
in  the  study  of  law. 

"It  is  thorough,  complete,  authoritative,  clear,  inter- 
esting, and  the  result  of  a  careful  plan  worked  out  by 
distinguished  educators  in  the  leading  law  schools  of  the 
several  states." 

Supreme  Court  of  Iowa. 


A  Business  Man's  Mistake 

•  •11  /r^-  HALL,  you  have  made  a  serious  mis- 
l/l    take.     Your  firm  will  have  to  pay  for 
-^'-*-  those  coats." 

The  attorney  for  a  large  retail  store  in  Chicago 
was  reprimanding  the  buyer  for  the  knit  goods  de- 

"What  do  you  mean?"  Hall  asked  with  much 

''Just  what  I  said,"  explained  the  lawyer.  ''The 
Minneapolis  people  can  collect  damages  from  your 

"But  I  canceled  the  order,"  Hall  insisted.  "I 
notified  them  not  to  send  the  goods." 

"That  makes  no  difference,"  said  the  lawyer. 
"Now,  follow  me  carefully,  for  this  is  what  you 
have  done! 

"The  recent  cold  wave  increased  your  sale  of 
sweater  coats.  To  replenish  your  stock,  you  mailed 
an  order  to  the  Minneapolis  Knit  Goods  Company 
for  fifty  dozen  coats  at  $14.50.  Then  another  firm 
offered  you  similar  goods  for  $13.75.  So  you  ac- 
cepted their  offer  and  wired  the  Minneapolis  people 
to  cancel  the  order.  Am  I  right?"  asked  the  attor- 

[  23  ] 


"Yes — that  is  the  situation  exactly,"  Hall  an- 
swered. '*I  canceled  the  order.  And  here  is  the 
telegram  they  wired  back : 

"Wire  received.  Wool  market  down.  Cannot  cancel. 
Are  crating  goods." 

"Then,"  the  lawyer  continued,  "you  refused  to 
accept  the  goods.  Now  your  firm  faces  a  law  suit." 
He  read  the  statement  of  claim  which  had  been 
filed  in  court: 

"Plaintiff's  demand  is  for  goods  and  merchandise  sold 
and  delivered  to  the  defendant  herein  as  follows,  to  wit: 
November  26,  1914,  50  dozen  sweater  coats  at  $14.50, 
amounting  to  a  total  of  $725.00. 

"The  aforesaid  sum  has  not  been  paid  and  is  still  due 
and  owing  to  the  plaintiff  herein,  wherefore  the  plaintiff 
asks  judgment  for  the  said  sum." 

"They  cannot  win,"  insisted  Hall,  "I  canceled 
the  order." 

"That  order  cannot  be  canceled.  It  is  a  contract 
and  therefore  binding.  Suppose  the  market  had 
gone  up  and  the  Minneapolis  firm  wanted  to  cancel 
the  order.  You  could  hold  them.  It  is  only  fair 
then  that  they  can  hold  you." 

The  lawyer  took  up  a  volume  from  a  series  he 
had  on  his  desk.  "Let  me  show  you  why  your  can- 
cellation has  no  standing  in  law,  by  reading  from 
the  first  volume  of  this  work,  'Modern  American 

"  'An  order  sent  to  a  dealer  for  goods  is  an  offer  to 

"Now  listen  to  this: 


"  'If  an  offer  has  been  accepted  before  revocation,   it 
may  not  be  revoked.' 

"So  you  see,  Hall,"  the  lawyer  explained,  "when 
you  sent  your  order  for  the  sweater  coats  to  the 
Minneapolis  people  you  were  making  them  an  offer. 
They  accepted  it  by  starting  to  fill  the  order.  Once 
it  was  accepted,  3'Our  order  could  no  longer  be  can- 
celed by  either  of  you.  You  were  bound  by  a  con- 
tract. Whoever  refuses  to  j^erform  is  liable  for 
breach  of  contract." 

"Is  there  nothing  we  can  do?"  Hall  asked. 
"Nothing.     Your  company  is  liable  for  breach  of 
contract,"  advised  the  lawyer. 

"I  have  made  a  nice  mistake,"  Hall  was  forced 
to  acknowledge.  "If  I  had  had  any  idea  that  an 
order  was  so  important  in  law,  I  certainly  should 
have  acted  differently." 

The  lawyer  hesitated  a  moment  and  then  con- 
tinued : 

"Let  me  give  you  some  friendly  advice,  Hall — 
read  laiv!  I  do  not  mean  that  you  should  become 
a  lawyer.  But  you  should  be  in  a  position  to  know 
when  a  legal  situation  confronts  you.  At  least  you 
should  know  when  to  consult  me.  If  you  do  not 
study  law,  you  never  will  know." 

"I  never  thought  of  it  that  way,"  Hall  com- 

"Unless  you  do,  the  chances  are  that  you  will  be 
coming  to  me  for  advice  on  all  sorts  of  unnecessary 
points,  and  then  finally  fail  to  come  when  you  really 


need  legal  advice.  If  you  know  the  underlying  prin- 
ciples of  the  law  you  will  know  how  to  handle  just 
such  a  situation  as  faced  you  in  the  Minneapolis 
matter.  If  you  had  studied  law  for  only  a  couple 
of  months  you  could  have  saved  your  jBrm  $725.00 
in  this  case,  not  to  mention  your  own  humiliation, 
and  even  danger  of  losing  your  position." 

''You  are  right,"  answered  Hall.  ''I  can  see  now 
why  business  men  should  be  law  trained.  But  I 
cannot  go  to  law  school.  Besides,  I  am  so  busy,  how 
could  I  ever  find  time  to  study  law?" 

The  lawyer  replied  quickly,  ''Hall,  the  only  peo- 
ple who  have  no  time  to  progress  are  those  who 
never  get  out  of  a  rut.  The  busier  the  business  man 
the  more  time  he  has.  He  makes  time,  especially 
when  it  means  protection  for  his  business.  Of 
course,  you  cannot  go  to  law  school,  but  there  is 
another  efficient  method  by  which  you  can  become 
law  trained." 

"What  is  it?"  Hall  asked. 

The  lawyer  again  took  up  the  volume  of  "Mod- 
ern American  Law,"  from  which  he  had  read. 

"Here  is  a  work  upon  which  an  efficient  course  in 
law  is  based.  The  system  is  called,  'Modem  Amer- 
ican Law  Course  and  Service. '  It  is  prepared  espe- 
cially to  meet  the  needs  of  men  like  yourself — men 
who  cannot  attend  a  resident  law  school.  Every- 
thing in  this  work  is  so  authoritative  and  interest- 
ing, however,  that  like  hundreds  of  other  lawyers  I 
have  obtained  'Modern  American  Law'  to  keep  it  on 
my  desk  for  my  daily  practice." 



Hall  followed  the  advice  of  his  lawyer  and  en- 
rolled for  the  Modem  American  Law  Course  and 
Service  of  Blackstone  Institute.  Many  other  busi- 
ness men  have  adopted  the  same  suggestion. 

"I   enrolled  for  your  Course  upon  the  advice  of  our 

H.  D.  FARGO, 
Secretary  and   Treasurer,  Telephony  Publishing 
Company,  Chicago. 

Law  Directs  Business 

If  you  are  a  business  man — executive,  subordinate 
or  clerk — you  must  daily  decide  questions  of  law. 
Undoubtedly  you  "guess"  right  in  a  great  many 
cases.  But  there  is  forever  the  danger  of  taking 
the  wrong  step.  Without  prior  warning,  and  with- 
out your  even  considering  the  necessity  of  employ- 
ing counsel,  one  mistake  as  to  the  law  may  be  fatal 
and  throw  you  into  bankruptcy.  You  may  even  risk 
fine  and  imprisonment. 

"The  big  risk  in  business  is  the  legal  risk." 

J.  P.  MORGAN. 

What  are  some  of  these  questions  which  every 
business  man  faces  daily?  Here  are  just  a  few  of 
an  infinite  number,  the  answers  to  which  you  must 
know  or  take  a  dangerous  chance : 

Must  an  order  be  in  writing? 
When  does  title  to  goods  pass? 
To  what  extent  may  an  agent  bind  his  principal? 
When  is  the  endorser  of  a  note  not  liable? 
Are  you  liable  for  the  debts  of  a  corporation  if  you 
hold  stock  and  bonds? 



Are  you  liable  for  the  injuries,  or  tlie  damages  in- 
flicted by  a  member  of  your  family,  or  by  one  of  your 

What  is  reasonable  restraint  of  trade? 

What  claims  take  precedence  in  a  bankruptcy  case? 

Who  owns  the  sidewalk  in  front  of  your  property? 

For  what  family  expenses  is  a  husband  or  father  not 

What  are  the  duties  of  an  executor  or  a  trustee? 

When  may  you  break  a  contract? 

Mention  the  most  minute  detail  of  your  daily 
business  existence  and  it  will  relate  to  the  law :  En- 
gaging an  employe,  ordering  goods,  renting  space, 
keeping  books,  writing  a  letter,  ordering  a  meal, 
selling  merchandise,  conveying  property,  sleeping  in 
a  Pullman  berth — each  of  these  commonplace  inci- 
dents involves  the  most  exacting  legal  rules. 

To  avoid  suits  for  damages,  the  merchant  must 
know  to  what  degree  he  can  ''boost"  the  merits  of 
his  goods ;  the  employer  must  know  when  he  may 
rightfully  discharge  an  employe;  the  banker  must 
know  whether  the  maker  may  stop  payment  on  a 
certified  check. 

"Since  practically  every  business  transaction  is  based 
on  some  legal  principle,  and  since  it  is  obviously  im- 
practical to  call  in  a  legal  adviser  every  moment  of  the 
day,  business  men  have  realized  the  necessity  of  acquir- 
ing sufficient  knowledge  of  the  law  to  act  intelligently 
when  a  legal  situation  arises — it  would  seem  therefore 
that  the  'Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service' 
should  be  followed  by  all  young  business  men  who  ex- 
pect to  attain  executive  positions,  and  by  all  executives 
who  have  not  already  received  a  legal  training." 

W.  H.  HIMMEL,  General  Salesman, 

Carson.  Pirie,  Scott  d  Co.,  Chicago. 

the  law  trained  man  29 

Ignokance  of  the  Law  Excuses  No  One 

The  law  will  not  permit  you  to  defend  your  mis- 
takes because  you  do  not  know  legal  principles. 
Courts  enforce  this  rule:  "Ignorance  of  the  Law 
Excuses  No  One," 

This  maxim  of  the  centuries  has  caused  enormous 
losses  in  business  through  failure  to  learn  law.  Con- 
sequently a  rule  of  business  conduct  arose.  This 
provides : 

''Ignorance  of  the  Laiv  is  Inexcusable." 

Business  men  do  not  excuse  a  salesman  for  mis- 
representing their  goods.  They  do  not  excuse  a 
defect  in  the  production  of  those  goods.  They  have 
also  ceased  to  consider  a  mistake  in  law  as  an  item 
to  be  charged  merely  to  the  chances  of  business. 
They  regard  such  avoidable  mistakes  as  absolutely 
inexcusable — the  same  as  they  consider  the  mistakes 
which  an  accountant  may  make  in  adding  his  fig- 
ures. It  is  no  longer  sufficient  merely  to  know  the 
principles  of  finance,  accounting,  sales  and  produc- 
tion— at  least  a  working  knowledge  of  how  these 
forces  in  business  may  be  legally  applied  is  abso- 
lutely essential. 

Costly  Litigation 

It  is  said  that  eighty-five  per  cent  of  the  civil 
suits  filed  in  the  courts  throughout  the  United 
States  involve  business  disputes.  The  judgments 
rendered  in  these  cases  amount  to  millions  of  dol- 
lars.    In  addition,  court  costs,  witnesses'  fees  and 


attorneys '  fees — in  many  cases  equal  to  the  amount 
of  the  judgment — must  be  paid. 

Tliis  expense  which  cuts  into  profits  is  avoidable, 
because  a  knowledge  of  the  principles  of  law  will 
prevent  a  very  large  part  of  business  litigation. 

A  legal  training  makes  is  unnecessary  to  spend  many 
dollars  to  determine  whether  one  dollar  shall  be  paid 
by  one  man  to  another. 

Business  men  are  quick  to  grasp  a  ready  and 
efficient  means  to  avoid  any  expense  which  reduces 
profits.  An  ever-growing  number  of  business  men, 
therefore,  enroll  for  the  Modern  American  Law 
Course  and  Service  of  Blackstone  Institute. 

"I  know  of  two  instances  where  this  knowledge  has 
been  the  direct  means  of  saving  our  company  consider- 
able money." 

Ford  Manufacturing  Co.,  Chicago. 

Here  for  the  first  time  you  obtain  the  exact  legal 
information  you  require  to  avoid  those  countless 
mistakes  in  law  which  other  business  men  have 
made.  These  mistakes  occurred  in  situations  that 
are  daily  repeated  in  your  business  life. 

"To  read  law  is  to  learn  the  mistakes  of  other  business 
men.  In  every  law  suit  one  or  the  other  side  has  blun- 
dered. If  you  learn  wherein  and  why  that  side  failed, 
you  can  fortify  your  business  against  the  same  errors.'' 

This  important  legal  knowledge  is  acquired  by 
the  Blackstone  Institute  method  in  a  surprisingly 
short  time  and  with  little  effort.     Yet,  the  results 


are  entered  on  the  credit  side  of  the  profit  and  loss 

"I  have  followed  your  course  long  enough  to  realize 
that  it  is  of  great  value  to  me  in  the  way  of  avoiding 
mistakes  that  can  just  as  well  be  eliminated." 

GEORGE  M.  SEAMAN,  President, 
Birmingham  &  Seaman  Co.,  Chicago. 

Innumerable  are  the  instances  in  every  law 
trained  business  man's  career  where  a  knowledge 
of  law  has  enabled  him  to  steer  clear  of  error,  mis- 
take and  loss.  Innumerable  also  are  the  instances 
where  a  knowledge  of  the  law  has  enabled  him  to 
grasp  situations  and  foresee  and  bring  about  re- 
sults which,  without  it,  he  could  never  have  done. 
Without  a  legal  education  a  man  cannot  efficiently 
handle  thousands — with  it  he  is  competent  to  direct 
the  use  of  millions. 

A  Business  Man's  Lawyer 

In  the  eyes  of  the  law,  an  attorney  is  the  agent 
of  his  client.  Unless  specifically  limited,  he  has 
a  wide  range  of  implied  authority.  He  may,  for 
instance,  dismiss  a  case,  receive  money  paid  for  a 
judgment,  take  an  appeal  and  incur  expenses  by 
employing  clerks  and  paying  court  costs. 

"The  express  authority  given  an  attorney  may  be  as 
broad  or  limited  as  the  client  desires,  but  a  general 
authority  to  manage  a  cause  for  the  client  as  his  attor- 
ney of  record  may  imply  many  incidental  powers."     > 


Seldom  does  the  business  man  or  client  appre- 
ciate this  almost  infinite  authority  in  his  lawyer. 


Instead  of  regarding  him  as  an  agent,  wliicli  the 
haw  dechires  the  lawyer  to  be,  the  client  enters  into 
this  important  fiduciary  relationship  with  little  or 
no  idea  of  the  extent  to  which  he  wishes  his  lawyer 
to  proceed. 

As  a  matter  of  business  policy  and  with  no  more 
inclination  to  consider  counsel  a  suspicious  charac- 
ter than  to  regard  an  accountant  a  dangerous  per- 
son because  he  is  placed  under  bond,  a  client  should 
know  what  authority  the  law  gives  to  his  lawyer. 
Intelligent  limitations  of  authority  are  welcome 
alike  to  the  lawyer  and  the  client.  They  are  best 
made  only  if  one  is  familiar  with  the  law. 

It  becomes  highly  important,  therefore,  to  ascer- 
tain what  authority  a  lawyer  should  have  to  con- 
duct your  affairs  properly. 

May  he  endorse  a  check  in  your  favor? 
May  he  compromise  your  case? 
May  he  engage   additional   employes? 

In  your  relations  with  your  lawyer  a  knowledge 
of  the  law  as  it  affects  your  own  business  is  essen- 
tial. You  must  know,  therefore,  what  the  law  con- 
siders as  important  facts.  Yet,  one  will  approach 
his  lawyer  on  a  matter  involving  considerable  sums 
of  money,  or  property  rights,  or  domestic  difficul- 
ties, with  little  or  no  information  beyond  what  has 
actually  happened. 

Were  an  accident  to  occur  in  his  shop  wherein 
an  employe  suffered  an  injury,  the  employer  would 
be  at  a  loss  what  evidence  to  obtain  and  preserve. 
He  would  not  appreciate  what  was  necessary. 



The  lawyer  would  try  to  assist  him.  But  as  he 
can  draw  only  on  his  own  experience,  in  asking  his 
questions,  he  may  easily  omit  a  very  important 

But  if  the  chent  understands  legal  principles  he 
would  at  once  interview  each  witness,  take  down 
what  was  said,  photograph  the  scene  and  get  a 
statement  from  the  physician.  He  would  know 
what  the  law  considers  determining  points.  He 
would  be  in  a  position  to  defend  himself  against 
unjust  claims  or  perjured  testimony. 

The  client  is  not  expected  to  try  the  ease.  He  is 
expected  to  bring  to  the  lawyer  evidence  of  facts 
that  have  distinguished  the  important  incidents  and 
separated  the  ''wheat"  from  the  ''chaif."  He  can 
readily  succeed  in  this  by  reading  a  well-rounded 
and  properly  organized  course  in  law. 

The  practical  legal  information  provided  by  the 
Blackstone  Institute  Course  and  Service  comes  to 
the  subscriber  in  such  form  that  he  can  use  it  at 
once  in  his  business.  He  learns  to  think  logically 
—to  analyze  problems  carefully— and  to  solve  them 
correctly.  He  need  not  pass  the  bar  examination  to 
win  success.  It  is  sufficient  if  he  is  a  law  trained 

Teained  Brains  "Win  Success 

The  problems  in  present  day  business  are  too 
complicated  to  be  solved  to  the  best  advantage  by 
men  who  do  not  have  a  legal  training.  A  knowl- 
edge of  law  has  become  just  as  essential  to  the 


American  business  man  as  a  knowledge  of  finance, 
accounting-,  production  and  sales. 

Knowledge  is  brain  development,  Brams  pro- 
duce success.  Business  men,  therefore,  require  the 
services  of  men  with  trained  brains  because  they 
help  to  build  business  success.  The  brain  of  the 
law  trained  man  is  highly  developed.  Hence  he  is 
always  preferred — he  can  think  clearly  and  logically 
— he  has  the  power  to  analyze,  to  construct,  to  direct 
and  to  control. 

The  chief  duty  of  tlie  business  executive  is  to 
decide  questions  correctly  and  promptly.  He  can 
most  readily  acquire  this  ability  through  a  law 
training.  His  grasp  of  first  principles  and  the 
development  of  his  powers  of  analysis  teach  him 
a  true  appreciation  of  the  questions  involved.  Then 
he  can  answer  them  at  once  and  right. 

"Law  teaches  a  habit  of  close  reasoning.  Who  has  not 
heard  men  speak  of  a  lawyer-like  treatment  of  a  matter 
that  has  been  skillfully  developed  and  convincingly 

DEAN  WM.  HOYNES,  Notre  Dame  University. 

Law  trained  men  are  not  selected  to  direct  busi- 
ness because  they  have  large  money  interests.  Few 
of  those  who  now  enjoy  success  possessed  any 
amount  of  property  before  they  were  chosen  to  fill 
resjjonsible  and  lucrative  positions.  Their  capital 
was  their  brains,  not  money. 

Such  men  do  not  usurp  the  functions  of  the  lawj^er. 
They  make  no  attempt  to  displace  the  counsel  for 
the  company — but  they   assist  their  attorneys  by 


acting  within  the  law,  by  avoiding  litigation  and  by 
bringing  to  their  advisers  a  clear,  concise  statement 
of  any  particular  matter. 

"A  law  training  results  in  a  broad  knowledge  of  men 
and  business  principles." 

The  Law  Trained  Man"  in  Business 

Law  trained  men  direct  the  affairs  of  the  largest 
mercantile  and  manufacturing  enterprises  in  the 
United  States.  In  fact,  practically  every  line  of 
commercial  activity  has  chosen  its  leaders  from  those 
who  have  read  law. 

Public  service  companies,  such  as  the  New  York 
and  Chicago  Surface  Lines,  are  guided  by  presi- 
dents who  know  legal  principles.  Nationally  known 
firms  elect  to  their  highest  offices  the  law  trained 
man.  A.  W.  Green,  President  of  the  National  Bis- 
cuit Company;  E.  J.  Wlielan  of  the  United  Cigar 
Stores  Company  of  New  York;  Chas.  G.  Dawes, 
President  of  the  Central  Trust  Company  of  Illinois, 
Chicago;  James  F.  Meagher,  President  of  the  Peo- 
ples Gas  Light  and  Coke  Company,  Chicago ;  John 
Wanamaker  of  Philadelphia,  and  John  V.  Farwell, 
all  read  law.  The  late  Marshall  Field  and  A.  T. 
Stewart  were  also  law  trained  men. 

Hon.  Elbert  H.  Gary,  distinguished  as  lawyer  and 
judge,  was  selected  to  manage  the  affairs  of  the 
United  States  Steel  Corporation.  Under  his  able 
direction  it  has  become  the  largest  and  one  of  the 
best  managed  corporations  in  the  United  States. 


Countless  other  instances  may  readil}'  be  given 
of  men  who  attribute  to  their  law  training  a  consid- 
erable portion  of  their  success. 

Legalizing  Business 

Law  appeals  to  the  progressive  type  of  men  in 
every  occupation.  The  subscribers  to  the  Modern 
American  Law  Course  and  Service  of  Blackstone 
Institute  include  alike  executives,  subordinates  and 
clerks.  In  this  one  respect  all  stand  equal,  all  haye 
the  same  goal — a  legal  education.  To  make  the  ex- 
ecutive more  efficient,  to  tit  the  ambitious  subordi- 
nate to  become  an  executive  officer,  a  law  training  is 

"I  realize  now,  as  I  did  not  before,  the  value  of  this 
class  of  reading  to  every  one,  no  matter  what  his  occu- 
pation may  be." 

JOHN  C.  BOLTZ,  of  Boltz,  Clymer  d  Co., 

Cigar  Mfrs.,  Philadelphia  and  Ta'rnpa. 

To  classify  all  of  the  men  who  find  the  law  essen- 
tial would  be  to  fill  jjages  of  a  long  chapter.  Not 
alone  the  officers  and  employes  in  the  manufactur- 
ing comiJanies,  but  those  in  the  financial,  trading, 
mining  and  transportation  lines  enroll  for  this 
Course  and  Service.  In  greater  degree  than  ever 
*' business  is  becoming  legalized";  i.  e.,  it  is  absorb- 
ing the  law  as  one  of  its  essential  branches. 

This  is  the  case  in  the  railroad  service,  where  the 
law  trained  man  is  preferred.  In  recent  years  an 
ever-growing  number  of  law  trained  men  have  been 
appointed  to  the  responsible  offices  in  the  great  rail- 


road  systems.  Hale  Holden,  trained  in  the  law,  was 
recently  elected  President  of  the  Chicago,  Burling- 
ton &  Quincy  Railroad.  Likewise  Harry  R.  Kurrie, 
an  attorney,  was  elected  President  of  the  Chicago, 
Indianapolis  &  Louisville  Railroad.  R.  S.  Lovett, 
Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Directors  and  former 
President  of  the  Union  Pacific,  was  a  judge.  Thomas 
F.  Freeman,  President  of  the  International  & 
Great  Northern  Railroad,  was  grounded  in  legal 
principles,  as  were  A.  H.  Dooley,  former  President 
of  the  Missouri,  Kansas  &  Texas;  A.  T.  Johnson, 
Passenger  Traffic  Manager  of  the  Chicago  and 
Northwestern  Railroad,  and  Stuyvesant  Fish,  for- 
mer President  of  the  Illinois  Central  Railroad. 

Among  the  deceased  railroad  men  who  were  law 
trained  were  M.  E.  Ingalls,  President  of  the  Big  Four 
System;  Robert  Mather,  President  of  the  Chicago, 
Rock  Island  and  Pacific  Railroad,  and  afterwards  of 
the  Westinghouse  Manufacturing  Co. ;  L.  Tuttle, 
President  of  the  Boston  &  Maine  Railroad;  A.  F. 
Walker,  President  of  the  Atchison,  Topeka  &  Santa 
Fe  Railroad,  and  George  F.  Baer,  President  of  the 
Philadelphia  &  Reading  Railroad. 

The  law  trained  man  is  similarly  to  be  found 
among  financiers.  Bankers,  accountants,  credit  men 
and  brokers  read  law  as  carefully  as  they  keep  ac- 
count books  and  record  their  transactions.  James 
Stillman,  banker  and  director  of  many  railroads, 
predicts  that  before  another  ten  years  passes  by 
every  executive  in  a  bank  and  most  executives  in 
business  will  be  required  to  have  a  law  training. 
This  training,  he  points  out,  not  only  will  enable 


them  better  to  protect  the  interests  they  represent, 
but  it  will  develop  them  into  efficient  executives. 

The  banker  urges  his  emploj^e  to  read  law  be- 
cause it  makes  him  a  highly  efficient  employe.  "To 
be  able  to  recognize  a  legal  situation  and  to  act  ac- 
cordingly," he  explains,  "is  money  protected." 

"The  value  of  a  knowledge  of  the  law  on  the  part  of 
the  banker,  either  officer  or  subordinate,  is  too  well 
recognized  to  require  comment.  It  is  therefore  a  pleas- 
ure to  recommend  your  Modern  American  Law  Course 
and  Service  to  all  interested  in  obtaining  a  thoroughly- 
practical  course  of  instruction  in  law." 

FRANK  STEVENS,  Assistant  Cashier, 
American  Trust  d  Savings  Bank,  Birmingham,  Ala. 

The  Certified  Public  Accountant  is  required  in 
most  states  to  read  law.  The  very  nature  of  his 
business  presumes  a  working  legal  knowledge.  Ac- 
countants realize,  for  instance,  that  to  keep  a  set  of 
books  which  will  be  admissible  in  evidence  requires 
a  knowledge  of  law. 

The  credit  man  is  constantly  depending  upon  legal 
information.  He  must  have  a  ready  knowledge  of 
the  law  of  judgments,  garnishments  and  attach- 
ments. He  must  know  to  what  exemptions  the 
debtor  is  entitled.  Contract  law,  bankruptcy  and 
criminal  law  are  alike  of  great  importance  to  him. 

"My  course  with  you  has  been  of  inestimable  value  to 
me,  not  only  in  my  business,  but  in  the  broadened  view 
of  business   in  general." 

M.  C.  PALMER, 
United  Mercantile  Agency,  Dss  Moines,  Iowa. 

The  broker  is  helpless  without  a  clear  knowledge 

THE  LAW  TRAINED  31  AN  39 

of  law.  To  protect  the  interests  of  his  customers  as 
well  as  those  of  his  own,  he  must  know  whether  or 
not  an  issue  of  bonds  is  legal.  He  should  know 
how  to  draft  a  conditional  sale,  and  what  writing 
is  necessary  to  bind  a  contract.  His  business  in- 
timately concerns  options,  receivers,  private  corpo- 
rations, sales,  personal  property  and  their  allied 
branches  in  the  law. 

A  knowledge  of  the  law  will  protect  the  investor 
in  the  purchase  of  securities.  Very  often  he  has 
ignored  the  etfect  of  the  law  on  investments  and 
has  suffered  losses.  The  information  he  receives  in 
the  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service  will 
be  especially  valuable  in  avoiding  these  questionable 

The  daily  business  affairs  of  a  real  estate  firm  in- 
volve the  most  important  legal  questions.  In  fact, 
this  business  partakes  of  the  nature  of  that  of  a 
practicing  lawyer.  Questions  in  conveyancing  must 
be  constantly  answered  in  drafting  deeds,  contracts 
for  sales  and  renting  agreements.  Just  as  essential 
is  a  knowledge  of  the  rights  of  landlord  and  tenant, 
municipal  corporations,  torts,  and  in  fact  all  branches 
of  the  law. 

Publishing  and  advertising  ventures  are  affected 
in  all  their  angles  by  the  law.  Wholesale  and  retail 
houses  of  every  kind  are  concerned  in  legal  ques- 

Many  successful  men  in  public  life,  in  business  and 
in  the  practice  of  the  legal  profession  have  been  re- 
cruited from  the  ranks  of  the  teaching  profession. 


Teachers'  habits  of  thought  and  study  make  them 
peculiarly  adapted  to  the  study  of  law  and  fitted  for 
its  many  opportunities. 

Public  officials  as  well  as  employes  in  the  service 
of  the  state  and  federal  governments  find  in  the 
Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service  a  ready 
means  to  acquire  a  legal  training.  The  most  de- 
sirable positions  in  the  public  service  are  those 
where  law  trained  men  are  preferred.  You  can  pre- 
pare to  hold  them  by  reading  law  now  with  the 
Blackstone  Institute. 

In  every  business  and  vocation  the  law  trained 
man  is  needed.  He  receives  first  consideration  and 
is  selected  for  the  better  positions. 

"Legal  training  on  the  part  of  the  executive  heads  of 
large  business  enterprises  has  become  exceedingly  valu- 
able, and  the  demand  for  men  of  business  ability  and 
legal  training  is  already  so  great  as  to  make  it  almost 
impossible  to  locate  the  right  men  for  the  more  im- 
portant positions. 

"What  I  say  is  based  on  our  experience,  but  I  am 
sure  that  other  lines  of  business  are  having  the  same 
trouble  in  securing  men  of  ability  who  have  a  knowledge 
of  law  to  fill  the  more   responsible  positions. 

"Your  Course  and  Service  would  seem  to  answer  that 
problem,  as  it  will  enable  the  ambitious  man  to  advance 
more  rapidly  in  his  chosen  field.  This  movement  to 
assist  business  by  increasing  the  supply  of  highly 
trained  men  should  meet  with  the  hearty  support  of  all 

RICORD   GRADWELL,   2ncl   Vice-President, 

Oliver  Typewriter  Co. 

Fifteen  of  the  branch  managers  of  the  Oliver 
Typewriter  Company  are  law  trained  men. 


Blackstone  Institute  offers  an  interesting  Course 
in  law,  easy  to  understand.  No  specific  preliminary 
education  or  experience  is  necessary  to  follow  the 
Course  successfully;  hence,  none  is  required.  Sub- 
scribers need  only  the  ambition  to  succeed.  Nothing 
indicates  the  elasticity  of  the  Institute  Course  and 
Service  so  well  as  the  preliminary  training  of  the 
subscribers.  They  include  men  and  women  of  vari- 
ous ages,  degrees  of  education  and  business  experi- 

Some  are  college  graduates.  Others  have  received 
high  school  training  and  still  others  only  the  rudi- 
ments of  a  common  school  education.  In  extent  of 
experience,  the  same  difference  is  to  be  found.  Not 
only  the  business  executive,  the  subordinate  and  the 
clerk  study  the  Course,  but  also  those  who  seek  to 
be  lawyers  as  well  as  lawyers  themselves. 

Blackstone  Institute  thus  enables  those  who  can- 
not attend  a  resident  school  because  of  age,  time,  or 
expense,  or  insufficient  entrance  credits,  to  acquire 
a  knowledge  of  law  and  to  become  law  trained  men. 

"Men  actively  engaged  in  business  and  young  men  of 
ambition  who  cannot  spare  the  time  or  the  money  to 
attend  law  schools,  can,  through  the  Modern  American 
Law  Course  and  Service,  obtain  substantially  the  same 
instruction  that  they  would  in  the  regular  schools." 
CHAS.  H.  SCOTT,  President, 

Southern  Gas  Co.,  Ala. 


Public  Office 

PUBLIC  office  is  one  of  the  distinctive  rewards 
which  go  to  the  law  trained  man.  Of  every 
hundred  men  in  the  public  eye — presidents, 
cabinet  officers,  senators,  congressmen,  governors — 
more  than  two-thirds  are  men  of  legal  training. 
Our  democracy  has  always  invited  the  man  who 
knows  law  to  fill  its  highest  offices  of  honor  and 

If  you  wish  to  enjoy  the  privileges  of  political 
honor,  you  must  first  read  law.  This  is  only  natural 
because  the  very  offices  which  you  seek  are  created 
by  law  and  the  rights  and  duties  attached  to  your 
future  position  will  be  defined  by  law. 

You  must  know  how  to  make  decisions,  how  to  act 
promptly  and  correctly.  You  must  be  able  to  meet 
people  without  embarrassment,  to  inspire  confidence, 
and  to  address  audiences.  No  training  can  equal 
that   of  the  law  to  help  you  accomplish  these  things. 

As  a  law  trained  man,  you  are  qualified  for  elec- 
tion or  appointment  to  any  public  office.    You  have 



the  best  training  to  fulfill  your  duties.  You  are  a 
member  of  the  new  profession — the  profession  of 
leaders — ^who  alone  can  satisfactorily  perform  the 
duties  of  the  highest  governmental  position. 

Nearly  every  President  of  the  United  States  was 
trained  in  the  law.  President  Wilson  and  all  but  one 
member  of  his  cabinet  studied  law.  In  fact,  as  Presi- 
dent Wilson  has  said: 

"I  am  in  part  the  embodiment  of  the  law." 

Address  to  American  Bar  Association. 

In  Congress  sixty  per  cent  of  the  members  are  law 
trained  men.  In  the  state  legislative  assemblies  the 
great  majority  of  the  members  have  acquired  a 
knowledge  of  law. 

"Lawyers    probably    make    up    the    majority    of    every 
legislative  body  in  the  United  States." 


Similar  conditions  prevail  in  other  departments 
of  our  national  and  state  governments.  Everywhere 
the  law  trained  man  occupies  the  highest  positions. 

In  the  choice,  for  instance,  of  ambassadors,  minis- 
ters and  consuls  in  the  foreign  countries,  the  law 
trained  man  is  preferred.  His  duties  involve  a 
knowledge  of  legal  rights.  Consequently  he  must 
know  the  law.  As  the  representative  of  a  great 
nation,  he  must  be  well  informed  and  qualified  to 
move  in  the  highest  official  circles  in  the  world  of 


nations.  He  is  considered  to  be  best  qualified  for 
this  honor,  if  he  is  law  trained. 

Appointments  to  trade  commissions,  to  boards  and 
to  administrative  bodies  always  include  the  law 
trained  man.  His  broad-gauged  brain  is  needed — his 
knowledge  of  human  affairs  as  reflected  in  the  law  of 
the  centuries  is  indispensable. 

This  law  training  is  acquired  in  the  Modern 
American  Law  Course  and  Service. 

The  most  important  public  offices  for  which  the 
Law  Trained  Man  is  especially  qualified  are : 


pEEsiDENT  of  the  United  States 
Vice-Peesident  of  the  United  States 
Cabinet  Officers  including 

Secretary  of  State 

Secretary  of  Treasury 

Secretary  of  War 

Attorney  General 

Postmaster  General 

Secretary  of  Navy 

Secretary  of  Interior 

Secretary  of  Agriculture 

Secretary  of  Commerce  and  Labor 

Departmental  Officers 

Assistant  Secretaries 
'Chiefs  of  Bureaus 





Interstate  Commerce 

Commissioner  of  Patents 
Registrar  of  Copyrights 

Foreign  Service 

Ambassador  Extraordinary- 
Envoy  Extraordinary 

Minister  Plenipotentiary 

Minister  Resident 

Secretary  of  Legations 

Consul  General 

Vice  Consul 

Commercial  Agent 

House  of  Representatives 
United  States  Commissioners 
Referees  in  Bankruptcy 



Lieutenant  Governor 
Secretary  of  State 
Attorney  General 
•  Auditor 
Superintendent  of  Public  Instruction 
Public  Utilities 
Tax  Boards 


County  Clerk 

County  Boards 

State  Senator 

State  Representative 


Chiefs  of  Bureaus 

Insurance  Superintendent 

Industrial  Board 

Employers  Liability  Commission 

Examining  Board 

Civil  Service  Commission. 



Corporation  Counsel 

City  Attorney 

City  Clerk 

City  Treasurer 



Building  Commissioner 

Superintendent  of  Jails 

Commissioner  of  Public  Works 

City  Comptroller 

City  Collector 

Department  of  Public  Service 

Civil  Service  Commissioner 

Board  of  Local  Improvements 

Board  of  Examiners 

Election  Commissioners. 


Civil  Sekvice 

The  requirements  in  the  civil  service  are  higher 
than  ever  before.  But  a  law  training  will  pass  you 
easily  through  the  examination.  It  will  count  as  a 
"higher  education"  credit  and  brings  you  among 
those  at  the  top. 

"Men  and  women  in  the  public  service  should  read  this 
Course  to  insure  personal  success  and  the  betterment  of 
the  public  service." 

ROBERT  M.  SWEITZER,  County  Clerk, 

Cook  County,  Illinois. 

Social  Seevice 

Chief  Justice  Winslow,  of  the  Supreme  Court  of 
Wisconsin,  appeals  for  wider  civic  and  social  service 
in  "The  Modern  Democracy,  The  Citizen  and  The 
Law ' ' — the  introductory  article  in  Modern  American 
Law  Course  and  Service. 

Here  are  some  of  his  great  truths — the  reasons 
why  broad  minded  men  who  have  won  their  way, 
seek  to  lighten  some  of  the  burdens  of  the  masses. 

For  centuries  individualism  has  been  the  keynote  of 
civilization,  especially  in  this  land  which  has  boasted  so 
loudly  of  its  freedom  and  equality.  We  have  gloried  in 
the  idea  that  every  man  was  the  master  of  his  own 
destiny  and  must  fight  his  battle  alone;  we  have  seen 
the  struggle  for  wealth  and  social  distinction,— nay, 
even  for  the  necessities  of  life  become  fiercer  and  fiercer, 
and  we  have  condoned  the  ruthless  cruelty  and  selfish- 
ness of  it  all  on  the  ground  that  all  citizens  have  equal 
opportunities  and  that  the  triumph  of  the  strong  and 
the  trampling  down  of  the  weak  is  but  the  working  of 
Nature's  immutable  and  righteous  law. 


But  the  consciousness  that  man  cannot  live  for  him- 
self alone  has  come  at  last;  the  public  conscience  is 
awake;  we  now,  for  the  first  time,  realize  faintly  and 
imperfectly  the  marvelous  significance  of  the  parable  of 
the  good  Samaritan.  We  are  learning  who  are  our 
neighbors  and  we  are  realizing  that  an  injury  to  "one 
of  the  least  of  these"  is  an  injury  to  society  as  a  whole. 

Thousands  of  men  and  women  with  the  spirit  of  the 
good  Samaritan  in  their  hearts  are  hearing  the  call, — 
men  and  women  who  could,  if  they  chose,  be  clothed  in 
purple  and  fine  linen,  and  fare  sumptuously  every  day. 
But  they  have  chosen  the  better  part.  Comparatively 
speaking,  their  work  has  but  just  begun,  and  yet  there 
are  results  to  show.  The  slum  is  yielding  to  the  settle- 
ment. The  haunts  of  vice  in  the  great  cities  are  still 
practically  untouched,  but  there  is  handwriting  on  the 
wall,  and  the  waves  of  an  awakened  public  sentiment 
are  rising  with  ominous  strength.  Everywhere  earnest 
men  and  women  are  banding  together  and  devising  ways 
and  means,  either  by  way  of  legislation  or  agitation,  or 
both,  by  which  moral  standards  shall  be  raised,  the 
frightful  injustice  of  modern  life  in  the  great  cities 
shall  be  corrected,  disease  vanquished,  vice  made  hateful 
and  life  made  to  hold  forth  its  promise  of  hope  and  joy 
to  the  most  unfortunate. 

Not  only  shall  we  require  the  services  of  the  skilled 
investigator  and  philosopher  in  the  preparation  of  the 
new  laws;  not  only  shall  we  require  the  legislative 
expert  in  our  national  and  state  legislatures;  but,  above 
all,  we  shall  require  an  educated  electorate — an  electo- 
rate capable  of  appreciating  the  nature  of  the  problems 
presented,  and  sufficiently  acquainted  with  present  con- 
ditions, both  material  and  legal,  to  be  able  to  judge  of 
the  wisdom  of  the  proposed  legislation,  and  vote  in- 
telligently thereon. 

The  law  trained  man  can  render  these  sacred 
services — effectively  and  at  once. 


Because  lie  is  indeed  a  picked  leader — a  man  whose 
influence  is  that  of  the  lawyer,  the  clergyman,  the 
officer  and  the  business  man— combined  in  one  true 

The  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service  is 
tlie  means  to  gain  this  enviable  goal, 

"I  have  particularly  enjoyed  reading  Modern  American  Law. 
The  articles  are  so  clear  that  the  layman  may  be  interested  and 
profit  by  their  perusal." 

Suprevie  Court  of  Nebraska. 


Studying  Law  in  the  Law  Office 

IN  A  law  office  at  Farmington,  Iowa,  several 
decades  ago,  a  young  man  was  explaining  his 
ambitions  and  failures  to  a  lawyer  friend  by 
the  name  of  Howe. 

"Howe,"  said  the  young  man,  ''I  have  decided 
to  change  my  vocation.  The  opportunities  offered 
to  the  law  trained  man  seem  to  be  infinite.  I  intend 
to  acquire  a  training  in  law.  Whether  I  practice  or 
enter  business,  I  am  convinced  that  a  knowledge  of 
the  law  will  make  me  successful.  What  is  the  first 
step  I  should  take  to  learn  law?  What  books  shall 
I  read?" 

The  lawyer  turned  to  his  book  shelves,  hesitated 
a  moment  and  answered,  ''Read  Blackstone's  Com- 
mentaries first.  Then  you  can  read  some  of  my 
other  books." 

Thereupon,  in  a  frontier  lawyer's  office,  John 
Forrest  Dillon  began  the  study  of  law.  After 
studying  Blackstone's  Commentaries  he  found 
that  there  were  at  that  time  practically  no  other  law 
books  by  which  he  could  learn  legal  principles.  So 
he  applied  for  admission  to  the  bar.  He  was  ad- 
mitted and  began  to  practice. 



In  a  few  years  Dillon  was  elected  prosecuting 
attorney  and  later  appointed  Chief  Justice  of  the 
Supreme  Court  of  Iowa.  Subsequently,  he  became 
counsel  for  great  railroad  systems.  While  he  prac- 
ticed he  reviewed  again  and  again  the  great  fun- 
damental principles  of  the  law  in  order  to  keep  a 
firm  grasp  of  governing  legal  rules.  Consequently 
he  was  regarded  as  an  authority. 

Courts  Hstened  to  him  with  careful  attention. 
Business  men,  who  controlled  millions  of  dollars, 
waited  in  his  ante-chamber  because  his  opinions 
were  invaluable.  He  provided  the  profession  with 
monumental  treatises  on  the  principles  of  impor- 
tant branches  of  the  law. 

.As  a  mark  of  the  high  esteem  in  which  he  was 
regarded  by  bench  and  bar,  Judge  Dillon  was 
elected  president  of  the  American  Bar  Association. 
Its  members  include  judges  and  lawyers  from  every 
state  of  the  Union. 

Honor,  fortune  and  the  satisfaction  of  a  dis- 
tinguished and  successful  career  were  Judge  Dil- 
lon's rewards. 

His  somewhat  haphazard  method  of  studying  law 
until  recently  was  typical  of  the  manner  in  which 
men  once  became  law  trained.  They  read  those 
dusty  and  formidable  law  books  which  the  lawyer 
happened  to  own.  As  a  result,  their  studies  in- 
cluded much  obsolete  matter,  which  in  addition  was 
written  in  a  tiresome,  heavy  style. 

Although  there  has  been  a  splendid  array  of  of- 
fice bred  lawyers,  such  office  training  alone  is  be- 


coming  more  and  more  difficult  without  outside 
stimulation.  The  law  has  grown  beyond  its  early 
boundaries.  The  average  practitioner  does  not 
have  time  or  inclination  to  digest  or  explain  the 
law  to  the  office  student.  Changed  conditions  in 
the  modern  law  office  and  the  introduction  of  the 
typewriter  have  also  left  little  more  for  the  office 
student  than  running  errands  and  answering  court 

Thus,  if  you  are  to  succeed  in  obtaining  a  lawyer- 
like command  of  governing  principles,  you  must 
obtain  systematic  direction  and  stimulus  from  a 
source  outside  of  the  lawyer's  office.  While  the 
''law  is  a  science  to  be  learned  out  of  books,"  those 
books  are  read  with  the  greatest  profit  only  when 
included  in  a  well-rounded  and  properly  organized 

"The  time  has  gone  by  when  an  eminent  lawyer  in  full 
practice  can  take  a  class  of  students  into  his  office  and 
become  their  teacher.  Once  that  was  practical,  but 
now  it  is  not." 


Today,  by  means  of  modern  methods,  men  and 
women  can  realize  their  ambitions  to  be  law  trained 
and  acquire  the  benefits  of  a  legal  education  with- 
out the  sacrifice  of  time,  effort  and  money  which 
faces  the  lawyer  apprentice. 

They  can  learn  the  fundamental  principles  of  law 
in  far  less  time  and  with  more  thoroughness  than 
ever  before  by  the  Blackstone  Institute  method. 

the  law  trained  man  53 

The  Residext  School 

The  first  distinct  step  away  from  the  haphazard 
instruction  offered  in  the  law  office  was  the  organi- 
zation of  the  resident  law  school.  Much  credit  is 
due  to  law  educators  for  their  persistent  efforts  in 
maintaining  high  standards  and  modernizing  the 
methods  of  reading  law. 

The  schools  have  made  steady  progress,  so  that 
today  they  have  displaced  the  law  office  by  offering 
thorough  instruction  in  law  to  those  who  are  able 
to  attend. 

The  resident  schools  appreciate,  however,  that 
their  field  of  service  is  limited.  Of  the  great  num- 
ber of  men  and  women  who  seek  a  training  in  law 
only  a  few  comparatively  can  attend  the  sessions 
of  the  law  school.  A  certain  inelasticity  in  the  resi- 
dent course  of  study  has  also  made  it  impracticable, 
for  example,  for  the  business  man  to  obtain  that 
business  law  training  which  he  seeks.  As  the  resi- 
dent school  could  not  meet  the  needs  of  so  many 
men  and  women  who  wished  to  read  law  to  prac- 
tice the  profession  or  for  business  purposes,  there 
has  been  an  ever-increasing  demand  for  an  institu- 
tion which  could  furnish  a  convenient,  practical  and 
elastic  course  in  law. 

Nox-Resident  Coueses 

A  similar  problem  has  existed  in  other  depart- 
ments of  the  universities.  State  institutions  have 
conceived  it  to  be  their  duty,  therefore,  to  bring 
instruction  to  the  people. 


"If  there  are  ambitious  men  and  women  who  cannot 
go  to  college,  the  college  can  in  a  very  wide  and  true 
sense  come  to  them." 

President,  Leland  Stanford  Junior  University. 

Their  first  experiments  in  non-resident  courses 
demonstrated  clearly  the  demand  for  and  possi-- 
bilities  of  home  study  courses  in  all  branches  of 
human  knowledge. 

Consequently  an  ever-growing  number  of  home 
study  courses  are  otfered  by  the  universities.  In 
1914,  in  one  university  alone,  over  six  thousand 
students  enrolled  for  non-resident  courses.  What 
was  at  first  an  experiment  has  now  become  an 
established  educational  system. 

Non-Resident  Coueses  in  Law 

Universities,  however,  have  not  attempted  to 
offer  a  home  study  course  in  law.  Peculiar  prol)- 
lems  faced  them  and  made  it  impractical  for  the 
faculty  of  one  school  alone  to  offer  adequate  in- 
struction for  home  study. 

The  demand  for  an  efficient  system  of  studying 
law  continued  to  make  itself  felt  in  a  variety  of 
ways.  For  example,  the  law  schools  had  for  years 
been  receiving  letters  requesting  advice  as  to 
courses  in  law.  The  requests  came  not  only  from 
those  who  wished  to  prepare  for  the  bar,  but  also 
from  energetic  business  men  and  those  who  desired 
to  enter  the  public  service.  The  schools  were 
obliged  to  reply  that  with  the  exception  of  Black- 
stone  Institute  and  The  Sprague  Correspondence 
School  of  Law,  the  only  satisfactory  way  to  learn 


law  was  to  attend  the  resident  school.  They  re- 
fused to  recommend  the  fragmentary  attempts 
made  by  individuals  and  companies  from  time  to 
time  to  supply  this  demand  for  an  efficient  reading 

It  remained  for  Blackstone  Institute,  including 
The  Sprague  Correspondence  School  of  Law,  to 
create  and  organize  a  course  to  which  the  resident 
schools  could  conscientiously  refer  requests  for  a 
home  study  course  in  law. 

Here  are  brought  together  through  the  medium 
of  an  approved  institution  the  experience  of 

a.  Deans  and  professors  in  the  resident  law 

h.     Instructors  in  university  extension  courses. 

c.  Judges  and  lawyers. 

d.  Public  officials. 

e.  Bar  examiners. 
/.     Business  men. 

And  to  all  this  is  added 

g.  More  than  twenty-five  j^ears'  experience  in 
preparing  men  at  home  for  the  bar,  for  business  and 
for  public  life. 

The  Speague  Coeeespondexce  School  of  Law. 

This  institution  is  the  oldest  correspondence 
school  of  law.  It  was  organized  October  1,  1890,  in 
Detroit,  Michigan.  The  first  advertisement  of  its 
course  appeared  in  Youth's  Companion,  October 
23,  1890. 


The  Sprague  Correspondence  School  of  Law  was 
incorporated  in  1891  with  a  capital  stock  of  $10,000, 
which  was  increased  in  1901  to  $50,000. 

Blackstone  Institute 

Blackstone  Institute  was  organized  to  create  and 
conduct  the  Modern  American  Law  Course  and 
Service.  The  formation  of  the  Institute  was  in  di- 
rect response  to  the  growing  demand  for  a  scien- 
tifically planned  and  systematically  arranged  Course 
in  law  to  meet  the  needs  of  the  law  student,  the  busi- 
ness man  and  those  who  seek  to  be  trained  in  law. 

This  great  institution  has  received  the  highest 
commendation  of  the  cabinet  officers  of  President 
Wilson,  Supreme  Court  judges,  lawyers,  deans  and 
professors  in  the  leading  law  schools,  and  prom- 
inent business  men. 

Blackstone  Institute 

The  Sprague  Correspondence  School  of  Law 

Blackstone  Institute  and  the  Sprague  Correspond- 
ence School  of  Law  united  into  one  great  institution 
under  the  name, 



The  Sprague  Correspondence  School  of  Law, 

The   Oldest   and   Largest   Institution   for   Law    Training   in    the 


in  Ma}^,  1915,  The  capital  stock  of  this  combined 
schoofis  $500,000. 

This  consolidation  marks  an  epoch  in  the  history 
of  law  instruction.     The   result  has   been   an  im- 


proved  Course  wliicli  far  surpasses  in  thorough- 
ness, authority  and  simplicity  anything  which  was 
heretofore  possible. 

If  you  cannot  go  to  one  of  the  best  colleges  or 
university  law  schools,  it  is  our  purpose  to  bring 
the  university  law  school  course  to  you.  We  make 
your  home  a  law  university  in  itself.  You  receive 
the  guidance  of  experienced  and  able  men  without 
the  loss  of  a  day's  work  or  a  dollar  of  income  from 
your  regular  employment. 

You  can  master  our  Course  in  your  spare  time- 
in  the  odds  and  ends  of  your  time,  which  added  to- 
gether make  for  an  education. 

"I  am  happy  to  recommend  the  admirable  Course  and 
Service  of  Blackstone  Institute  to  those  who  want  an 
efficient,  practical  home  study  law  school. 

"Its  scientific  method,  its  high  ethical  and  educational 
standards,  and  its  very  helpful  personal  service  feature 
will  appeal  to  those  anxious  to  secure  a  strong  non- 
resident law  course. 

••Because  of  its  proven  worth,  and  because  its  work 
can  be  carried  along  with  a  college  course  and  without 
interference  with  one's  occupation,  I  am  more  than 
pleased  to  commend  Blackstone  Institute  and  its  work 
to   those  who  apply  to  me   for  counsel." 

Professor  of  Commercial  Law,  University  of  Wisconsin. 

The  Name 

The  surname  of  the  distinguished  and  learned 
jurist,  Sir  William  Blackstone,  was  adopted  by  the 
Institute  for  three  reasons :   first,  Blackstone  is  the 


father  of  organized  instruction  in  law;  second,  just 
as  his  primary  purpose  was  to  make  accessible  to 
laymen  as  well  as  to  lawyers  an  accurate  knowledge 
of  the  principles  of  law  of  that  day,  it  is  now  the 
purpose  of  Blackstone  Institute  to  disseminate  a 
knowledge  of  modern  American  law;  third,  the 
high  ideals  which  prompted  him  to  undertake  his 
task  are  the  ideals  of  Blackstone  Institute. 

"The  Law — It  has  honored  us — May  we  honor  it." 

daniel  webster. 

The  Oegaxization^ 

The  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service 
is  prepared  and  conducted  by  an  organization  made 
up  of  well  known  law  school  deans  and  professors, 
distinguished  judges,  prominent  practicing  attor- 
neys, bar  examiners,  and  business  men.  These  men 
also  formulate  the  policies  of  the  Institute. 

Inasmuch  as  an  institution  derives  its  strength 
from  the  men  who  are  identified  with  it,  a  complete 
list  of  their  names,  records  and  qualifications  is 
given  in  Chapter  X.  Anyone  who  studies  these 
names  may  easily  satisfy  himself  of  the  high  stand- 
ing, merit  and  value  of  the  Course  and  Service. 

The  organization  of  Blackstone  Institute  in  addi- 
tion to  its  Executive  Officers,  consists  of  three 
groups : 


Special  Lecturers. 

Editors  and  Authors  of  Modern  American  Law. 

The  members  of  the  Staff  actively  conduct  the 


Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service  in  ac- 
cordance with  university  standards.  Some  of  the 
members  give  their  entire  time  and  attention  to  the 
work  of  the  Institute,  while  others  give  only  a  part 
of  their  time. 

The  Special  Lecturers  are  men  of  unusual  ex- 
perience who  have  prepared  Lectures  especially  for 
the  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service, 
These  Lectures  present  some  of  the  results  of  their 

The  Authors,  sixty  in  all,  are  judges,  lawyers  and 
deans  and  professors  in  the  law  schools  who  con- 
tributed to  Modern  American  Law,  the  basis  of  the 
Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service. 

"Their  work  is  of  the  highest  character,  receiving  the 
commendation  of  the  leading  legal  authorities  of  the 


United  States  Senator. 

The  Plan 

The  Institute  offers  an  approved  reading  Course 
and  Service  in  law. 

The  plan  of  the  Institute  is : 

First,  to  provide  a  discussion  of  the  fundamental 
and  governing  principles  of  the  law  by  means  of  a 
comprehensive  commentary. 

Second,  to  supplement  their  discussion  of  princi- 
ples by  Leading  Illustrative  Cases. 

Third,  to  direct  and  make  interesting  the  study 
of  these  principles  and  cases  by  means  of  a  series 
of  Guides. 


Fourth,  to  show  the  application  of  the  principles 
in  every-day  affairs  through  a  series  of  practical 

Fifth,  to  test  the  student's  knowledge  through  a 
series  of  Problems. 

Sixth,  to  help  solve  the  student's  individual  prob- 
lems and  difficulties  through  a  Co-operative  and 
Consulting  Service. 

The  Course  and  Service  extends  over  a  period  of 
three  years.  A  subscriber,  however,  may  complete 
the  Course  as  rapidly  as  he  desires.  The  Text  Books 
are  delivered  at  the  beginning,  and  the  Guides,  Lec- 
tures and  Problems  at  intervals  of  two  weeks 
throughout  the  term  of  three  years,  or  as  often  as 
is  desired. 

The  Purposes 

The  Course  and  Service  is  especially  designed  to 
meet  the  requirements  of 

First,  the  law  student  who,  unable  to  leave  home 
or  his  occupation  to  attend  a  law  school,  wishes  to 
follow  a  well  organized  course  in  law  as  a  prepara- 
tion for  practice. 

Second,  the  layman  who  requires  a  survey  of 
legal  principles  sufficiently  complete  to  give  him  a 
real  insight  into  law  as  it  affects  his  business  and 
personal  interests. 

Third,  the  ambitious  man  who  seeks  to  enter  the 
public  service  or  engage  in  social  work. 

Fourth,  those  who  realize  that  a  knowledge  of 
law  provides  a  liberal  education. 

the  law  trained  man  61 

Blackstone  Institute  Ideals 

Blackstone  Institute  is  founded  in  the  belief  that 
*'a  knowledge  of  law  should  be  the  possession  of 
the  many  and  not  of  the  few."  It  fills  a  long  felt 
want  among  those  ambitious  men  and  women  who 
are  precluded  from  attendance  at  a  resident  school. 
Without  interfering  the  Institute  supplements  in  a 
very  effective  way  the  great  work  of  these  schools. 

The  work  of  the  Institute  is  guided  by  the  high- 
est educational  standards  set  by  the  legal  profes- 
sion. It  seeks  always  to  retain  not  only  the  good 
will  but  also  the  co-operation  and  recommendation 
of  all  reputable  members  of  the  bench  and  bar. 

The  Staff  aims  to  provide  those  features  of  per- 
sonal and  practical  instruction  in  law  which  or- 
dinarily are  to  be  found  only  in  resident  schools. 
Every  opportunity  is  offered  to  the  subscriber  to 
obtain  such  special  service  as  his  individual  needs 
require.  The  Institute  offers  you  that  training  in 
law  whereby  you  can  achieve  the  successes  won  by 
law  trained  men. 

The  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service 
by  which  this  training  is  acquired  is  described  in 
the  following  pages. 





HE     Modern     American     Law     Course     and 
Service  consists  of  seven  distinct  features : 

1.  Modern     American     Law  —  standard 
text,  cases,  and  quiz  questions. 

2.  Guides. 

3.  Lectures. 

4.  Problems. 

5.  Model  Solutions. 

6.  Practice  Work. 

7.  Personal  and  Individual  Service. 

Method  of  Instruction. 

In  teaching  law  one  of  three  methods  has  in- 
variably been  followed  by  educators.  Historically 
the  first,  is  that  by  lectures ;  the  second,  by  the  text 
book  method;  and  the  third,  by  the  case  book 

The  lecture  method  was  introduced  in  Black- 
stone's  day  and  required  the  student  to  write  down 
or  remember  the  rules  concerning'  which  the  in- 
structor lectured  orall^y.  These  lectures  were  later 
reduced  to  writing  or  were  printed.  Blackstone's 
** Commentaries"  came  into  being  in  this  manner 



and  for  years  were  tlie  basis  of  a  law  education. 

Necessarily  much  of  the  law  in  England  in  1776, 
Blackstone's  time,  is  not  the  law  today.  Conse- 
quently, other  books  have  been  prepared  from  time 
to  time  for  law  instruction.  The  study  of  these 
books  constitutes  the  text  book  system. 

Recently  a  new  method  has  been  devised  whereby 
the  student  studies  the  actual  opinions  of  the  higlier 
state  and  federal  courts.  He  extracts  from  them 
the  principles  of  the  law  much  as  one  determines 
the  structure  of  a  plant  in  a  laboratory  experiment. 

A  combination  of  these  methods  is  the  standard 
in  law  school  instruction  today.  By  this  expedient, 
the  advantages  of  each  method  can  be  adopted  with- 
out including  the  disadvantages. 

"The  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service, 
therefore,  combines  most  admirably  tlie  text  and  case 
system  of  teaching.  Some  schools  use  tlie  one  method  to 
the  exclusion  of  the  other,  but  I  have  always  considered 
that  the  ideal  method  was  a  combination  of  the  in- 
ductive and  the  deductive  and  this  method  is  better 
exemplified  in  Modern  American  Law  than  any  other 
treatise  of  the  whole  law." 

Of  McNeil,  Hudgins  c£-  OzUn,   Virginia  Bar. 

The  Cueeiculum 

In  the  following  pages  the  subjects  in  the  Modern 
American  Law  Course  and  Service  are  described. 
Note  that  the  branches  of  the  law  have  been  di- 
vided into  three  parts,  consisting  of 

(1)     Subjects  required  of  all  subscribers. 


(2)  Additional  subjects  recommended  to  those 
who  intend  to  practice  law. 

(3)  Optional  subjects  of  particular  importance 
to  business  men,  applicants  for  the  bar  and  those 
interested  in  public  life  or  social  service. 

Required  Subjects 

Elementary  Law. 



Criminal  Law. 

Persons  and  Domestic  Relations. 

Personal  Property  and  Bailments. 

Liens  and  Pledges. 






Real  Property. 

Negotiable  Instruments. 

Suretyship  and  Guaranty. 

Mortgages — Real  and  Chattel. 

Private  Corporations. 


Banks,  Banking  and  Trust  Companies. 


Constitutional  Law. 



Conflict  of  Laws. 

Interstate  Commerce. 




Public  Service  Companies. 

Municipal  Corporations. 

Additional  Subjects  For  Applicants  for  the 


Pleadings   and   Practice. 
Attachment — Garnislinient. 
Judgments — Executions. 
Extraordinary  Remedies. 

Additional    Subjects — Not   Required — Attractive 
TO  All  Law  Readers 

Blackstone's  Commentaries. 

International  Law. 

Admiralty  Law. 

Public  Officers  and  Elections. 


Eminent  Domain. 

Unfair  Competition  and  Good  Will. 


Patents— Copyrights— Trademarks. 

Parliamentary  Law. 


Mines  and  Mining. 

Irrigation  and  Water  Rights. 

Medical  Jurisprudence. 



Modern  American  Law 

(Cited:     "M.  A.  L.") 

For  the  use  of  the  Modern  American  Law  Course 
and  Service,  a  leading  standard  series  entitled 
Modern  American  Law,  and  cited  as  "M.  A.  L." 
by  Supreme  Courts,  was  especially  prepared  for 
home  study  by  the  foremost  legal  authorities  in 
America.  Other  standard  text  books  are  not  suited 
for  home  study  purposes,  because  of  their  style  and 
expense,  as  well  as  the  fact  that  they  are  not 
adapted  for  later  practice. 

Modern  American  Law  is  a  complete  work  on  all 
branches  of  the  law,  including  text  books,  leading 
cases,  quiz  questions  and  cumulative  indexes. 

"I   am  more  than  pleased   with   the   character  of  the 

Chairman  Committee  on  Ways  and  Means,  United 
States  House  of  Representatives. 

This  standard  series  is  the  work  of  the  nation's 
best  legal  talent,  including  prominent  deans  and 
professors  in  the  leading  law  schools,  judges  and 
lawyers.  It  was  prepared  under  the  editorial  super- 
vision of  Eugene  A.  Gilmore,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  Profes- 
sor of  Law  of  the  University  of  Wisconsin,  and 
William  C.  Wermuth,  M.S.,  LL.B.,  former  lecturer 
at  Northwestern  University  and  Secretary  of 
Blackstone  Institute. 

Modern  American  Law  is  a  systematic  and  com- 
prehensive series  on  all  branches  of  American  law 
and  procedure.     Included  in  each  volume  are   (1) 



Treatises,  (2)  Leading  Illustrative  Cases,  (3)  Quiz 
Questions,  (4)  Index  and  Tables  of  Contents. 
The  series  also  provides  Legal  Forms,  Table  of 
Cases,  Cumulative  Index  and  a  revised  and  mod- 
ern edition  of  Blackstone's  Commentaries. 


Modern  American  Law  is  handsomely  bound  in 
a  genuine  natural  grain  Morocco  with  flexible  cov- 
ers. The  titles  on  the  back  of  each  volume  are  at- 
tractively stamped  in  gold.  Each  volume  is  hand- 
sewed  with  silk  head  and  foot  bands  and  ribbon 
bookmark.  Any  volume  may  be  bent  back  double 
without  the  slightest  injury  and  will  stay  open 
where  you  open  it  at  any  page. 

Flexible  Covers — Tiiix  Paper — Modern  Binding. 


This  work  is  complete  in  fifteen  volumes  and 
contains  over  13,000  pages  (about  900  pages  to 
the  volume).  Over  7,500  pages  of  treatises,  4,500 
pages  of  cases,  1,000  pages  of  indexes  and  300  pages 
of  tables  of  contents  are  included  in  the  entire 
series.  Nevertheless,  by  means  of  modern  meth- 
ods and  thin  paper  the  entire  work  occupies  only 
twenty-six  inches  of  desk  space. 

The  whole  appearance  of  Modern  American  Law 
is  legal,  rich  and  impressive — an  example  of  the 
best  product  of  the  best  printers'  and  bookbinders' 

"The  flexible  Morocco  binding,  the  opaque  paper  and 
legible  type  indicate  your  exacting  care  in  the  publica- 
tion of  this  work." 

Circuit  Court  of  Cook  County,  Illinois. 

Modern"  American"  Law  in  Resident  Schools 

Many  of  the  resident  law  schools  are  substituting 
Modern  American  Law  for  the  older  text  and  case 

Among  the  universities  and  colleges  which  use  or 
recommend  in  their  courses,  one  or  more  of  the 
treatises  or  collections  of  cases  included  in  Modern 
American  Law  are : 

University  of  Chicago, 

University  of  Illinois, 

University  of  Wisconsin, 

University  of  North  Dakota, 

University  of  Kansas, 

University  of  Florida, 


Albany  Law  School, 

Marquette  University, 

John  B.   Stetson  University, 

American  Central  Law  School, 

Illinois  College  of  Law, 

Chicago  Law  School, 

Drake  University,  and  others. 

Modern  American  Law  is  also  offered  as  a  prize 
for  research  work  or  for  high  scholarship  in  these 
institutions  of  learning: 

Columbia  University, 
Indiana  University, 
Cincinnati  Law  School, 
University  of  North  Dakota, 
Benjamin  Harrison  Law  School, 
University  of  Florida, 
University  of  Oregon, 
Richmond  College, 
Washington  &  Lee  University, 
University  of  Kentucky, 
Drake  University, 
Washington  College  of  Law. 

Modern  American  Law  is  in  the  libraries  of  Har- 
vard University,  Leland  Stanford  Jr.  University, 
State  University  of  Iowa,  University  of  Illinois, 
University  of  Indiana,  University  of  Wisconsin, 
University  of  Chicago,  Wisconsin  State  Library, 
Boston  Law  Library,  Kansas  State  Librar^^,  Wash- 
ington State  Library,  California  State  Library, 
Nevada  State  Library  and  others. 


"I  consider  this  work  the  most  satisfactory  one  for  the 
study  of  law  at  home  that  has  so  far  been  produced." 

University  of  Chicago. 
"No  other  publication  compares  with  M.  A.  L.  in  the 
range    of   subjects,    effectiveness   of   treatment    and    the 
discriminating  choice  in  the  citation  of  authorities." 
DEAN  WM.  HOYNES,  Laiv  School, 

University  of  Notre  Dame. 
"Your  text  books  are  clear  and  concise  and  your  com- 
bination of  illustrative  cases,  lectures   and  quizzes  fur- 
nishes a  most  admirable  substitute  for  a  resident  law 


Drake  University. 

"The  method  marked  out  in  these  volumes  is  exactly 
the  method  which  I  have  thought  for  years  past  should 
be  adopted — the  law  as  it  is  today  without  any  unneces- 
sary attention  as  to  what  the  law  was  in  the  past." 

Millsaps  College. 

Modern  American  Law  Used  and  Recom- 
mended BY  the  Profession 

When  the  first  volumes  of  Modern  American  Law 
were  published,  judges  and  lawyers  requested  that 
they  be  permitted  to  obtain  this  series  for  use  in 
their  practice.  Here  they  found  for  the  first  time 
in  one  standard  series,  uniform  in  style  and  ab- 
solutely authoritative,  a  scientifically  planned  and 
systematically  arranged  work  on  all  Ijranches  of 
the  law.  They  pronounced  Modern  American  Law 
to  be  the  best  work  of  the  best  authorities  as  well 
as  a  compact,  time-saving  reference  and  reading 


"That  which  lends  to  the  work  its  most  valuable  dis- 
tinction is  the  fact  that  it  is  clearly  and  concisely 

United  States  Court  of  Customs  Appeals. 

It  was  determined,  therefore,  to  permit  members 
of  the  bench  and  bar  to  obtain  Modern  American 
Law,  which  they  cite  as  '*M.  A.  L.,"  separate  and 
apart  from  the  features  of  the  Course  and  Service. 
Having  learned  how  to  read  law  they  could  use 
to  advantage  the  treatises  and  cases  in  this  work. 

This  work  is  now  in  the  libraries  of  President 
Wilson,  former  President  Taft,  Chief  Justice 
White  and  his  associates  of  the  United  States  Su- 
preme Court. 

Cited  by  Supreme  Courts 

Modern  American  Law  is  in  the  libraries  of 
many  State  Supreme  Courts  and  Nisi  Prius  Courts. 
Today  hundreds  of  judges  and  lawyers  are  using 
Modem  American  Law  and  are  enthusiastic  in  its 
praise.  A  growing  number  of  Supreme  Courts  are 
citing  it  in  their  opinions.    Among  them  are : 

Supreme  Court  of  Wisconsin, 

Supreme  Court  of  Alabama, 

Supreme  Court  of  North  Dakota, 

Supreme  Court  of  Oklahoma, 

Colorado  Court  of  Appeals. 
The  following  comments  are  typical  of  the  many 
made  by  leading  members  of  the  bench  and  bar. 
They  indicate  the  unusual  value  of  this  standard 
series  to  the  law  student: 


"I  have  found  Modern  American  Law  an  excellent 
medium  through  which  to  recur  to  the  fundamental  prin- 
ciples of  our  jurisprudence.  It  enables  the  lawyer  or 
judge  to  get  a  correct  bird's-eye  view  of  any  subject 
with  a  very  small  expenditure  of  time  and  effort,  and 
the  layman  or  law  student  to  gain  a  clear  understanding 
of  the  essentials  of  law." 


Supreme  Court  of  Wisconsin. 

"The  work  will  prove  to  be  a  valuable  one,  especially 
to  those  who  are  embarking  upon  the  study  of  the  law." 


Supreme  Court  of  Wisconsin. 

"I    am    very    much    pleased    with    Modern    American 

Law  and  regard  it  as  a  valuable  contribution  to  the  law 

dealing  with  general  principles.     It  is  a  very  timely  and 

valuable  work." 

Supreme  Court  of  Illinois. 

"It  deals  with  the  fundamental  principles  of  each  sub- 
ject treated  and  furnishes  a  comprehensive  text  for 
students,  practitioners  and  courts." 

Supreme  Court  of  North  Dakota. 
"Something  beyond  the  ordinary  treatise — a  valuable 
and  useful  contribution  to  jurisprudence." 

Supreme  Court  of  North  Dakota. 

"The  treatment  of  tTie  different  subjects  is  compre- 
hensive and  practical,  and  in  a  brief  but  not  too  sparing 
way  presents  the  fundamentals  in  such  form  as  to  be  a 
source  of  ready  and  accurate  reference  to  the  practi- 
tioner and  the  court,  as  well  as  meeting  the  important 
purpose,  for  which  it  is  especially  valuable,  of  being  a 
reliable  aid  to  the  student." 

Supreme  Court  of  Iowa. 


"Where  I  have  stopped  to  read  carefully  I  have  found 
edification  in  its  (Modern  American  Law)  fresh,  simple 
and  clear  statements  of  legal  principle,  and  I  believe 
most  others  may  realize  a  profit  of  the  same  character." 

Supreme  Court  of  Alabama. 

"So  many  law  books  are  prone  to  extend  over  every- 
thing, losing  sight  of  the  underlying  proposition  upon 
which  a  case  usually  turns.  In  your  series,  I  see  not 
only  a  ready  reference  work  giving  cases  in  point  suffi- 
cient as  a  lead  for  digests,  but  of  more  importance,  a 
means  to  keep  up  with  one's  own  practice  by  reading 
law  generally  or  systematically. 

"It  is  for  these  reasons  that  I  ordered  Modern  Ameri- 
can Law  for  the  library  of  the  Municipal  Court  of 

Municipal  Court  of  Chicago. 

"I  am  sure  these  volumes  will  enable  both  those  who 
are  at  the  bar  and  those  who  are  sitting  on  the  bench, 
as  well  as  those  of  us  who  are  endeavoring  to  frame 
the  laws,  to  acquire  a  thorough  knowledge  of  the  funda- 
mental principles  of  that  great  subject." 


Member  of  Congress. 

It  is  gratifying  to  the  subscriber  of  the  Modem 
American  Law  Course  and  Service  to  know  that 
the  basis  of  his  instruction  can  thus  serve  him  with 
an  ever  increasing  value,  after  he  has  completed  the 
Course  and  Service. 

The  treatises  and  collections  of  leading  cases,  as 
ivell  as  the  complete  set  of  Modern  American  Law, 
are  sold  separate  and  apart  from  the  Course  and 
Service  only  to   resident  law  school  students  and 


to  lawyers.  Any  one,  Jioivever,  may  enroll  for  the 
Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service  and  will 
receive  as  the  texthooks  a  complete  set  of  Modern 
American  Law. 

Subjects  and  Authoes 

Modern  American  Law  covers  the  entire  field  of 
law,  treating  the  basic  subjects  first,  and,  following 
in  related  groups,  the  derivative  subjects  of  the 
law.  The  work  thus  provides  a  standard,  logical 
and  systematic  course  of  reading  in  law. 

The  subjects  and  the  authors  of  the  fifteen  vol- 
umes are  as  follows : 


The  Modeen  Democeacy,  The  Citizen  and  The 
Law.  By  John  B.  Winslow,  A.B.,  LL.D.,  Justice, 
Supreme  Court  of  Wisconsin. 

An  introduction  to  Modern  American  Law,  exemplifying  its 
spirit  in  meeting  the  demand  for  systematic  training  in  the 
principles  of  law. 

Legal,     Ethics.       By     Orrin    N.     Carter,     LL.D., 

Justice,  Supreme  Court  of  Illinois. 

a  practical  exposition  of  the  course  of  conduct  required  of 
those  who  are  trained  in  law. 

Law — Its     Origin,     Natuee     and     Development. 
By  Charles  A.  Huston,  A.B.,  J.D.,  S.J.D.,  Pro- 
fessor, Leland  Stanford  Junior  University. 
A  commentary  on  the  origin,  nature  and  development  of  the 

law,  preparing  the  student  for  the  study  of  the  specific  branches 

of  law. 


Courts — Federal  and  State.  By  Arthur  L.  San- 
born, LL.B.,  Judge,  United  States  District  Court. 

A  comprehensive  discussion  of  the  classes  and  jurisdiction 
of  courts,  including  federal,  state  and  English  tribunals. 

Law  of  Coxtkacts.  By  W.  C.  Wermuth,  M.S., 
LL.B.,  former  Lecturer,  Northwestern  Univer- 
sity; Secretary  of  the  Staff,  Blackstone  Insti- 

A  thorough,  comprehensive  and  practical  commentary  on  the 
principles  of  the  formation,  operation,  interpretation,  perform- 
ance and  discharge  of  contracts. 


Law  of  Torts. 

The  discussion  of  the  Law  of  Torts  is  divided  into  an  Intro- 
duction and  nine  parts,  carefully  analyzing  and  developing  its 
principles.     The  titles  and  authors  are  as  follows: 

Introduction  and  William  C.  Jones,  A.B.,  M.A.,  Di- 

1.  Trespass.  rector,  School  of  Jurisprudence, 

University  of  California. 

2.  Conversion.  Frank    L.    Simpson,    A.B.,    LL.B., 

Professor,   Boston  University. 

3.  Negligence  and  Legal  Barry  Gilbert,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  Profes- 

Caxjse.  sor.  State  University  of  Iowa. 

4.  Deceit.  .  Edward     D.     Osborn,     Professor, 

University   of   Kansas. 

5.  Defamation.  Charles  M.  Hepburn,  A.B.,  LL.D., 

Professor,  Indiana  University. 
G.  Malicious  Prosecution.  John  C.  Townes,  LL.D.,  Dean  and 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of 
7.  Interference  with  Domes-  William  C.  Jones,  A.B.,  M.A.,  Di- 
Tic  and  Business  Rela-      rector.  School  of  Jurisprudence, 
TiONS.  University  of  California. 


8.  Right  of  Privacy.  William  C.  Jones,  A.B.,  M.A.,  Di- 

rector, School  of  Jurisprudence, 

University  of  California. 


9.  Extra  -  Hazardous    Occupa-  George  F.  Wells,  LL.D.,  Dean  and 

Tioxs — Miscellaneous.         Professor  of  Law,  University  of 

North   Dakota. 

Law  of  Fellow-Servant  and  Compensation. 
By  T.  J.  Moll,  Ph.B.,  LL.M.,  Dean,  American 
Central  Law  School. 

A  treatise  on  the  principles  of  the  fellow-servant  rule,  to- 
gether with  a  discussion  of  recent  compensation  acts  and  statutes 
relative  to  the  liability  of  employers  for  injuries  to  their  em- 


Criminal  Law.  By  William  E.  Mikell,  B.S., 
Professor  of  Laiv,   University  of  Pennsylvania. 

A  treatise  on  the  principles  of  the  law  dealing  with  offenses 
against  the  state,  property  and  persons. 

Law  of  Criminal  Procedure.  By  William  L. 
Burdick,  Ph.D.,  LL.B.,  Professor  of  Law,  Uni- 
versity of  Kansas. 

A  practical  presentation  of  the  rules  applied  in  the  bringing 
and  trying  of  criminal  cases. 

Law  of  Persons  and  Domestic  Relations.  By 
Elmer  M.  Liessmann,  LL.B.,  Lecturer,  North- 
western University. 

A  thorough  discussion  of  the  rights,  duties,  and  capacity  of 
persons,  together  with  an  exposition  of  the  principles  underlying 
domestic  relationships,  such  as  those  of  husband  and  wife,  parent 
and  child,  thus  treating  of  marriage,  divorce,  and  infancy,  etc. 



Law  of  Peksonal,  Property  and  Bailments.  By 
Henry  W.  Ballantine,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  Professor  of 
Law,  University  of  Wisconsin. 

A  practical  treatise  on  the  fundamental  principles  of  the  law 
of  personal  property,  including  the  rights  and  liabilities  arising 
in  the  law  of  bailments. 

Law  of  Liens  and  Pledges.  By  R.  L.  Henry,  Jr., 
Ph.B.,  J.D.,  B.C.L.,  Professor,  College  of  Law, 
University  of  Iowa. 

A  careful  discussion  of  the  rules  underlying  the  several 
classes  of  liens  and  different  forms  of  pledges. 

Law  of  Agency.  By  William  A.  Ferguson, 
A.M.,  LL.B.,  Lecturer,  Fordhani  University. 

A  commentary  on  the  nature,  rights  and  liabilities  of  prin- 
cipals and  agents. 

Law  of  Sales.    By  H.  Claude  Horack,  Ph.B.,  LL.B., 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Iowa. 

A  practical  discussion  of  the  contract  of  sale,  its  warranties 
and  the  rules  underlying  the  Statute  of  Frauds. 


Law  of  Real  Property.  By  Arthur  W.  Blake- 
more,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  of  the  Boston  Bar. 

a  careful  and  thorough  commentary  on  the  principles  of  the 
law  of  real  property,  including  the  subjects  of  estates,  convey- 
inces,  tenures,  easements,  covenants  and  future  interests. 


Law  of  Descent  and  Distribution — Wills  and 
Administration — Guardian     and      Ward.         By 


Cliarles  S.  Cutting,  LL.D.,  former  Judge  of  the 
Probate  Court,  Cook  County,  Illinois. 

An  exposition  of  the  principles  underlying  the  disposition  of 
property  with  reference  to  intestate  as  well  as  testamentary 
conveyances,  including  a  discussion  of  the  relationship  of  guar- 
dian and  ward,  probate  estates,  etc. 

Law  of  Landlord  and  Tenant.  By  William  L. 
Burdick,  Ph.D.,  LL.B.,  Professor  of  Laiv,  Uni- 
versity of  Kansas. 

A  discussion  of  the  legal  problems  arising  in  the  relationship 
of  landlord  and  tenant. 

Law  of  Water  Rights  and  Irrigation.  By  James 
W.  McCreery,  University  of  Colorado. 

An  exposition  of  the  doctrines  of  water  rights  and  irrigation, 
including  the  rights  of  riparian  owners,  appropriation  of  water, 
the  nature  of  waters  subject  to  appropriation,  water  rights  as 
property  and  the  rights  of  irrigation. 

Law  of  Mines  and  Mining.    By  William  E.  Colby, 

LL.B.,  University  of  California. 

a  practical  discussion  of  property  rights  in  mines  and  the 
liabilities  in  connection  with  their  operation. 


Equity.  By  John  N.  Pomeroy,  A.M.,  LL.B.,  Pro- 
fessor of  Laiv,  University  of  Illinois. 

A  commentary  carefully  analyzing  the  branches  of  equity 
jurisdiction,  including  its  nature,  specific  performance,  mistake, 
accounting,  interpleader,  also  reform  and  rescission. 

Law  of  Trusts.  By  George  G.  Bogert,  A.B.,  LL.B., 
Professor  of  Laiv,  Cornell  University. 

A  discussion  of  the  nature  and  requisites  of  equitable  trusts, 
Including  the  duties  of  trustees  and  rights  of  cestuis  que  trustent. 


Law  of  Quasi-Contracts.  By  Arthur  M.  Cathcart, 
A.B.,  Professor  of  Law,  Leland  Stanford  Junior 

A  discussion  of  the  equitable  doctrines  of  unjust  enrichment 
of  a  party  through  benefits  received  without  contract  or  by 
mistalte,  etc.,  including  rights  arising  therefrom. 

Law  of  Estoppel.  By  Oliver  S.  Rundell,  LL.B.,  of 
the  Wisconsin  Bar. 

An  exposition  of  the  specific  principles  Involved  in  the  doc- 
trines of  estoppel,  including  estoppel  by  deed,  estoppel  by  mis- 
representation, etc. 


Law  of  Negotiable  Instruments,  By  William  G. 
Hale,  B.S.,  LL.B.,  Professor  of  Law,  University 
of  Illinois. 

a  commentary  on  the  law  of  bills  and  notes,  including  a 
discussion  of  the  uniform  Negotiable   Instruments  Law. 

Law  of  Suretyship  and  Guaranty.  By  Charles  E. 
Carpenter,  A.M.,  LL.B.,  Professor  of  Law,  Uni- 
versity of  Illinois. 

An  exposition  of  the  relationship  of  principal  and  surety, 
including  the  distinction  between  surety  and  guaranty  and  the 
equitable  rights   involved  in   suretyship  and   guaranty. 

Law  of  Mortgages — Real  and  Chattel.  By  Man- 
ley  0.  Hudson,  A.M.,  LL.B.,  Professor  of  Law, 
University  of  Missouri. 

A  commentary  on  the  esential  elements  of  legal  and  equitable 
mortgages,  including  rights  of  mortgagor  and  mortgagee. 

Interpretation  of  Statutes.  By  John  R.  Rood, 
LL.B.,  Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Michigan. 

An  exposition  of  the  rules  applied  by  the  courts  in  the  inter- 
pretation of  statutes. 



Law  of  Private  Corporations.  Bij  I.  Maurice 
Wormser,  'A.B.,  LL.B.,  Professor  of  Laiv,  Ford- 
ham   University. 

A  comprehensive,  thorough  and  practical  commentary  on  the 
law  of  private  corporations,  including  the  nature,  formation  and 
powers  of  corporations  with  special  reference  to  the  powers  and 
duties  of  directors  and  stockholders  and  the  remedies  of  cred- 
itors, together  with  a  discussion  of  foreign  corporations. 

Law  of  Partnership.  By  Eugene  A.  Gilmore,  A.B., 
LL.B.,  Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Wisco7t- 

A  discussion  of  the  nature  and  formation  of  partnerships  and 
the  rights  and  duties  of  partners. 

Law  of  Banks,  Ban^king  and  Trust  Companies. 
By  James  L.  Hopkins,  LL.B.,  of  the  St.  Louis 

A  practical  treatise  on  the  principles  underlying  the  laws  of 
banking  companies  with  special  reference  to  the  rights  of  de- 
positors and  the  power  to  act  as  trustees. 

Law  of  Receivers.  By  Theophilus  J.  Moll,  Ph.B., 
LL.M.,  Dean,  American  Central  Laiv  School. 

An  exposition  of  the  equitable  and  statutory  principles  under- 
lying the  appointment,  duties  and  powers  of  receivers  of  in- 
solvent corporations,  etc. 


Pleading  in  Civil  Actions.  By  Louis  B.  Ewhank, 
LFj.B.,  Professor,  Indiana  Law  School. 

A  description  of  the  forms  of  action  and  methods  of  plead- 
ing, together  with  the  necessary  allegations  in  defending  actions, 
etc.,  under  the  common  law  and  statutes. 


Peactice  of  Civil  Actions.  By  William  N.  Gem- 
mill,  LL.B.,  LL.D.,  Judge  of  the  Municipal  Court 
of  Chicago. 

A  practical  discussion  of  the  problems  arising  in  practice  in 
the  courts. 

Equity  Pleading  and  Practice.  By  William  E. 
Higgins,  B.S.,  LL.B.,  Professor,  University  of 

A  treatise  on  the  forms  and  methods  of  pleading,  together 
with  a  discussion  of  the  practice  adopted  in  equity  courts. 

Law  of  Evidence.  By  John  T.  Loughran,  LL.B., 
Professor,  Fordham  University. 

A  comprehensive  exposition  of  the  rules  of  evidence  with 
particular  reference  to  the  manner  in  which  evidence  must  be 

Law  of  Attachments  and  Garnishments.  By  Oli- 
ver A.  Harker,  A.M.,  LL.D.,  Dean,  University  of 

A  treatise  on  the  right  to  attach  and  garnishee  before  and 
after  judgment. 

Law  of  Judgments  and  Executions.  By  John  R. 
Rood,  LL.B.,  Professor  of  Law,  University  of 

A  discussion  of  the  nature  of  judgments,  the  methods  of  en- 
forcing them  and  the  right  to  realize  on  them  by  execution. 

Law  of  Extraordinary  Remedies.     By  Harvey  N. 

Shepard,  A.B.,  Lecturer,  Boston  University. 

A  discussion  of  the  writs  of  mandamus,  quo  warranto,  cer- 
tiorari, etc. 


Law  of  Habeas  Corpus.     By    John    Wurts,    M.A., 
LL.B.,  M.L.,  Professor,  Yale  University. 

A   treatise   on   the   rights   of   personal   liberty   involving   the 
issue  of  the  writ  of  habeas  corpus. 

Constitutional  Law 

A  comprehensive  commentary  on  the  principles  of  constitu- 
tional law  in  federal  and  state  jurisdictions,  in  six  parts. 

1.  Definitions  and  Principles.   James  W.  Garner,  B.S.,  Ph.D.,  Pro- 

fessor    of     Political     Science, 
University  of  Illinois. 

2.  Organization    and    Po^VERs   James  Wilford  Garner,  B.S.,  Ph.D., 

OF    THE    United    States         Professor  of  Political   Science, 
Government.  University  of  Illinois. 

3.  Constitutional    Guaranties  Emiin  McClain,  A.M.,  LL.B.,  LL.D., 

OF  Fundamental  Rights.         Dean,  College  of  Law,  Univer- 
sity of  Iowa. 

4.  Eminent  Domain.  Philip  Nichols,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  of  the 

Boston  Bar. 

5.  Taxation.  Philip  Nichols,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  of  the 

Boston  Bar. 

6.  Naturalization.  George    F.    Tucker,    A.B.,    Ph.D., 

LL.B.,  of  the  Boston  Bar. 


Conflict    of  Laws.     By    George    L.    Clark,    A.B., 
LL.B.,  Professor,  University  of  Missouri. 

An  exposition   of  the  problems  of  territorial  jurisdiction   in 
the  recognition  and  enforcement  of  rights. 

International   Law.    By   Paul   S.   Reinsch,   A.B., 
Ph.D.,  LL.B.,  Minister  to  China. 
A  treatise  on  the  principles  of  the  law  of  nations. 


Law  of  Interstate  Commerce.  By  Dudley  0-  Mc- 
Govney,  A.M.,  LL.B.,  Professor,  Tulane  Univer- 

A  practical  discussion  of  the  legal  problems  arising  in  the 
conduct  of  commerce  between  states  and  within  states. 

Law  of  Bankruptcy,  By  George  Laivyer,  A.M., 
LL.B.,  Professor,  Albany  Law  School. 

A  discussion  of  the  federal  bankruptcy  act,  together  with  the 
rights  and  duties  of  bankrupts,  creditors,  and  trustees. 

Law  of  Patents.  By  George  C.  Holt,  A.B.,  LL.B., 
LLD.,  Former  Judge,  United  States  District 

A  discussion  of  the  principles  determining  what  is  patent- 
able, together  with  the  right  to  obtain  patents. 

Law  of  Copyrights.  By  William  L.  Symons, 
LL.M.,  M.P.L.,  Lecturer,  Washington  College  of 

a  treatise  on  the  common  law  and  federal  law  rights  to 

Law  of  Trademarks.  By  William  L.  Symons, 
LL.M.,  M.P.L.,  Lecturer,  Washington  College  of 

A  discussion  of  the  nature  of  and  right  to  trademarks. 

Law  of  Unfair  Competition  and  Good  Will.  By 
James  L.  Hopkins,  LL.B.,  of  the  St.  Louis  Bar. 

A  treatise  discussing  the  doctrines  enforced  where  business 
interests  engage  in  unfair  competition,  together  with  the  rights 
of  good  will. 


Law  of  Public  Service  Companies — Especially 
Common    Carriers.     By    Bruce    Wyman,    A.M., 


LL.B.,  former  Professor  of  Laiv,  Harvard  Uni- 

A  commentary  on  public  employments  and  carriers,  together 
with  the  rights  and  duties  of  railroads,  telephone  companies, 
water  companies,  warehouses,  etc. 

Law   of   Municipal   Corporations.     By   Henry   H. 
IngersoU,  M.A.,  LL.D.,  Dean,  Law  School,  Uni- 
versity of  Tennessee. 
An  exposition  of  the  nature,  formation,  capacity,  rights  and 

liabilities  of  municipal  corporations. 

Law  of  Public  Officers  and  Elections.  By  Ed- 
win Maxey,  D.C.L.,  LL.D.,  Professor  of  Laiv, 
University  of  Nebraska. 

A  discussion  of  the  appointment  and  the  election  of  officers, 
together  with  their  rights,  powers  and  duties. 

Parliamentary  Law.  By  John  H.  Perry,  M.A., 
LL.B.,  Lecturer,  Laiv  School,  Yale  University. 
A  practical  discussion  of  the  rules  adopted  by  deliberative 

bodies  for  the  conduct  of  their  meetings. 


Law  of  Damages.  By  William  P.  Rogers,  A.B., 
LL.D.,  Dean,  Cincinnati  Law  School. 

An  exposition  of  the  nature  and  classes  of  damages  recover- 
able in  actions. 

Law  of  Insurance.  By  Henry  W.  Humble,  A.M., 
LL.B.,  Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Kansas. 

A  discussion  of  the  various  forms  of  insurance,  including  the 
problems  of  insurable  interest,  concealment,  warranties,  rights 
of  recovery,  etc. 

Admiralty  Law  and  Practice.    By  George  C.  Holt, 


A.  B.,  LL.B.,  LL.D.,  former  Judge,  United  States 
District  Court. 

A  treatise  on  the  law  of  admiralty. 

Medical  Jueisprudexce.  By  George  F.  Wells, 
LL.D.,  Dean,  Law  School,  University  of  North 

A  discussion  of  evidentiary  problems  arising  in  the  proof  of 
crime  wherein  medical  examination  is  necessary. 

FoEMs.  By  Francis  L.  Harivood,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  of 
the  Chicago  Bar. 

A  collection  of  legal  forms  used  in  the  conduct  of  business 
and  practice  of  law. 


Blackstone's  Commentaries.  Edited  and  pre- 
pared by  Henry  W.  Ballantine,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  Pro- 
fessor of  Law,  University  of  Wisconsin. 

A  revised  edition  of  the  commentaries  of  Sir  William  Black- 

Index.  Prepared  by  F.  W.  Schenh,  Librarian,  Laiv 
School,  University  of  Chicago. 

A  cumulative  index  to  all  treatises  in  Modern  American  Law. 

A  Perfect  System  of  Indexing 

The  value  of  many  otherwise  excellent  law  se- 
ries has  been  greatly  reduced  by  reason  of  poor 
indexing.  The  indexes  of  Modern  American  Law 
have  been  prepared  with  especial  care  by  F.  W. 
Schenk,  Librarian,  University  of  Chicago,  who  is 
recognized  as  one  of  the  best  law  indexers  in 
America.    There  is  a  comprehensive  index  to  each 


volume  and  in  the  fifteenth  volume  a  cumulative 
cross-reference  index  to  the  entire  series.  This 
makes  Modern  American  Law  a  ready  reference 
work  in  which  you  can  quickly  single  out  the  in- 
formation you  desire  on  any  particular  point,  and 
which  will  point  out  to  you  many  unthought-of  pos- 
sibilities in  dealing  with  legal  problems. 


A  series  of  seventy-two  inspiring  Guides  have 
been  prepared  for  the  Modern  American  Law 
Course  and  Service,  under  the  direction  of  the 
Staff.  They  are  delivered  to  the  subscriber,  one 
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periences, what  are  the  important  rules  to  be 
learned  from  any  particular  assignment. 

The  Guides  enable  you  to  acquire  in  a  few  min- 
utes' reading  each  day  the  fundamental  knowledge 
so  essential  in  business  or  in  preparing  for  the  bar 

Each  Guide  contains  a  running  review  of  the 
pages  to  be  read  in  the  text.  It  calls  attention  to 
the  important  legal  principles  that  underlie  daily 
pro])lems  and  which  are  to  be  discussed  in  the  text 

In  this  way,  the  Guides  enable  the  busy  man  to 


grasp  quickly  the  essential  rules,  and  determine  in 
what  particular  subjects  he  wishes  a  detailed  knowl- 
edge. At  the  same  time  they  assist  the  law  student 
by  pointing  out  the  subjects  which  he  should  master. 
The  following  is  an  extract  from  a  typical  Guide : 

An  automobile,  exceeding  the  traffic  regulations,  sped  down 
Sheridan  Road,  in  Chicago.  Suddenly,  a  woman  stepped  from 
the  curbstone  into  the  street.  The  driver  vigorously  blew  the 
horn,  and  jammed  down  the  brake  pedal.  But  the  car  slid  along 
and  struck  the  woman. 

Her  injuries  were  many.  After  several  months  of  painful  suf- 
fering, she  started  suit  for  damages.  The  jury,  at  the  trial, 
awarded  her  $5,000. 

By  what  right  did  she  recover  for  her  injuries? 

Clearly,  no  contract  existed  between  her  and  the  automobile 
driver  providing  that  if  he  struck  her  down,  he  would  pay 

Under  what  theory  of  the  law,  then,  can  a  jury  protect  us 
from  injuries  by  others? 

The  answer  is  to  be  found  in  the  Law  of  Torts,  the  second 
great  fundamental  subject  to  be  taken  up  by  you  now  in  the 
Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service. 

Law  of  Torts 

In  your  reading  of  the  Law  of  Contracts,  you  have  been 
determining  what  your  rights  are  where  you  and  another  enter 
into  an  agreement. 

Now,  you  are  to  consider  those  rights  and  duties  which 
everybody  owes  everybody  else,  regardless  of  a  contract.  In 
other  words,  in  torts  these  rights  and  duties  are  determined  for 
you  by  the  law,  while  in  contracts  you  have  a  chance  to  say 
what  your  rights  will  be. 

Professor  W.  C.  Jones,  Director  of  the  School  of  Jurispru- 
dence, University  of  California,  has  prepared  the  introduction  to 
this  broad  subject  in  Modern  American  Law.  He  distinguishes 
for  you  torts  and  contracts,  and  torts  and  crimes.  He  shows 
you  how  intimately  the  rules  in  this  subject  regulate  your  per- 
sonal affairs. 


You  will  find  again  and  again  that  its  principles  affect  other 
subjects  of  the  law.  A  thorough  mastery  of  Professor  Jones' 
Introduction  will  repay  you  many  times. 


One  of  tlie  attractive  features  of  the  Modern 
American  Law  Course  and  Service  is  tlie  series  of 
thirty-six  Lectures  delivered  to  the  subscriber,  one 
each  month,  during  the  three  years.  They  have  been 
especially  prepared  for  the  Course  by  the  Special 

These  Lectures  provide  you  with  the  last  word 
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They  give  you  that  money-saving  information  which 
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which  has  never  before  been  reduced  to  printed 
form.  The  Lectures  are  continually  being  revised 
so  that  during  your  reading  of  the  Course  you  re- 
ceive the  latest  information  on  current  legal  mat- 
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Tlio  following  illustrates  the  special  information 
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Course  receives  in  a  Lecture : 


An  American  citizen  does  not  require  a  printed  statute  to 
know  that  it  would  be  unlawful  for  him  to  rob  a  mail  carrier, 
to  break  into  and  enter  a  post  office,  to  hold  up  a  postal  car,  to 
steal  a  letter  or  any  matter  intrusted  to  the  postal  service  for 
carriage  and  delivery.  All  these  things,  and  other  similar  un- 
lawful acts,  were  offenses  at  the  common  law  which  we  have 
been  taught  from  our  childhood  to  respect  and  obey.     For  in  a 


general  way  it  is  safe  to  say  that  if,  by  state  law,  an  act  is  a 
crime  against  a  fellow  citizen's  person  or  property,  the  same  act, 
if  committed  against  a  postal  employe,  postal  property,  or  the 
postal  service,  is  a  crime  under  the  Federal  law,  and  anyone 
who  commits  such  a  crime  will,  inevitably,  come  into  intimate 
association  with  a  Federal  marshal  or  his  deputies. 

But  Uncle  Sam  protects  his  postal  service  by  many  statutory 
provisions  which  are  not  commonly  known  and  are  not  within 
the  purview  of  the  common  law;  yet  a  violation  of  these  statu- 
tory provisions  will  subject  the  offender,  whether  he  knows  them 
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Some  of  the  subjects  of  the  Lectures  are: 

How  to  Draft  a  Contract. 

The  Lawful  Use  of  the  Mails  in  Business. 

How  Agency  Affects  Business. 

Employment  Contracts. 

How  to  Protect  One's  Rights  in  Checks. 

Hoio  to  Draft  and  Enforce  a  Conditional  Sale. 

How  to   Organize  a  Partnership. 

How  to  Conduct  a  Receivership. 

How  to  Obtain  a  Patent. 

How  to  Protect  a  Trademark. 

Federal  Employers'  Liability  Act. 

Anti-Trust  Laws. 

Corporation  Laws. 


Thirty-six  sets  of  Problems  are  sent  to  the  sub- 
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T.  A.  BORRADAILE,  Mgr., 

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Peofit  and  Loss 

THE  Acme  Company  was  an  Illinois  corpora- 
tion.    In  the  fall  and  winter  of  1914  it  suf- 
fered financial  difficulties.     One  of  the  credi- 
tors was  Lloyd  Johnson. 

After  repeated  demands  for  the  sum  due  to  him 
— $400.00 — Johnson  placed  his  claim  in  the  hands 
of  an  attorney.  The  latter  investigated  the  situa- 
tion and  reported  that  he  could  not  collect  the 
amount  because  the  corporation  was  practically  in- 

Johnson  had  a  smattering  knowledge  of  the  law. 
He  knew  that  the  general  rule  was  that  directors 
and  stockholders  are  not  liable  for  the  debts  of  a 
private  corporation.  So  he  accepted  the  lawyer's 
advice  and  charged  off  the  amount  to  profit  and 

A  few  weeks  later,  in  the  course  of  a  conversa- 
tion witli  a  lawyer  by  the  name  of  Rogerson,  Jolm- 
son  told  al)out  his  loss. 

"There  is  one  chance  for  you,"  Rogerson  said. 

'*If  you  get  that  money,  I  shall  give  you  fifty  per 
cent  as  your  fee,"  Johnson  promised. 



As  soon  as  Rogerson  arrived  at  liis  office  be  tele- 
phoned to  the  office  of  the  County  Recorder.  There- 
by he  learned  that  the  Acme  Company  had  not  filed 
its  charter  of  incorporation,  as  required  by  law. 

''That  settles  it,"  he  said  to  himself.  He  then 
telephoned  to  Johnson  and  asked  him  for  the  names 
of  the  directors  of  the  Acme  Company. 

''Of  what  value  is  that  information?"  Johnson 

"Because  we  can  hold  them  personally,"  ex- 
plained the  lawyer.  ' '  They  did  not  file  their  charter 
in  the  office  of  the  County  Recorder,  so  they  are 
liable  as  partners." 

Rogerson  filed  suit  for  Johnson  and  obtained  a 
judgment  against  the  directors.  One  of  them  was 
financially  responsible,  so  the  full  amount  was  col- 
lected.   Johnson  paid  Rogerson  $200.00. 

"I  am  glad  it  is  you  who  gets  this,"  he  said,  "but 
I  am  going  to  devote  my  spare  time  in  learning 
these  valuable  points  myself." 

SuPEKFiciAL  Knowledge 

The  first  lawyer's  advice  was  the  product  of  an 
inefficient  system  of  law  study.  He  knew  a  gen- 
eral rule  but  failed  to  appreciate  its  application. 
Rogerson,  on  the  other  hand,  collected  the  fee.  He 
possessed  that  slight  additional  knowledge  which 
gave  him  the  margin  of  ability  over  the  first  attor- 
ney. He  obtained  this  advantage  without  additional 
effort  or  time  by  reading  the  Modern  American 
Law  Course  and  Service. 

96  blackstone  institute 

The  Big  Idea 

The  big  idea  in  the  organization  of  Blackstone 
Institute  is  the  preparation  and  conduct  of  a  Course 
in  law  based  on  more  than  twenty-five  years  of  ex- 
perience. Our  Course  and  Service  is  actively  con- 
ducted by  a  competent  and  recognized  Staff  of  edu- 
cators, judges  and  lawyers.  It  is  highly  recom- 
mended by  other  members  of  the  bench  and  bar,  by 
bar  examiners,  by  deans  and  professors  in  the  law 
schools,  by  business  men  and  by  subscribers  them- 

"An  institution  is  as  big  as  the  men   who  guide  its 

In  its  history  of  a  quarter  of  a  century  the  busi- 
ness methods  of  the  Blackstone  Institute,  including 
The  Sprague  Correspondence  School  of  Law,  have 
never  been  criticized. 

"I   have  no  doubt  that  Blackstone   Institute  will  find 
an  increasing  appreciation  among  a  large  clientage." 

HON.  WM.  J.  BRYAN, 
Former  Secretary  of  State,  United  States. 

A  Standard  Course  and  Service 

Only  a  system  of  instruction  in  law  which  follows 
the  standard  set  by  the  resident  schools  may  proper- 
ly be  termed  a  Standard  Law  Course  and  Service. 
The  mere  reading  of  law  books — however  excellent 
— is  not  the  equivalent  to  a  well-organized,  logical 
and  practical  system  of  studying  law. 

The  method  of  instruction  must  be  the  result  of 
careful  studv  aimed  to  meet  the  needs  of  its  read- 


ers.  Its  features  must  be  of  the  highest  standard. 
Systematic  direction  by  an  experienced  Staff  of 
distinguished  educators,  judges  and  lawyers  is  es- 
sential. In  the  Blackstone  Institute  method  of 
studying  law  all  of  the  requirements  of  a  standard 
Course  and  Service  are  included. 

Simple,  Easy,  Faschstating 

For  the  first  time  an  effort  has  been  made  to 
state  the  principles  of  modern  law  in  simple  English 
which  the  layman  can  understand.  In  the  Modern 
American  Law  Course  and  Service  the  authors  ex- 
plain each  rule  simply  and  clearly. 

"Every  portion  of  the  Course  is  written  in  clear  under- 
standable English." 

F.  STEVENS,  Asst.  Cashier, 
American  Trust  &  Savings  Bank,  Alabama. 

Only  legal  phrases  which  are  in  general  use  in 
the  law  are  employed.  Wherever  they  are  adopted, 
the  literal  translation  immediately  follows.  It  is 
unnecessary,  even  to  have  a  law  dictionary  in  read- 
ing this  Course.  The  indexes  will  furnish  the 
meaning  of  a  word  in  a  moment's  time. 

"Where  I  have  stopped  to  read  I  have  found  edifica- 
tion in  its  fresh,  simple  and  clear  statements  of  legal 

Supreme  Court  of  Alabama. 

Not  only  is  the  Modern  American  Law  Course 
and  Service  simple  and  easy,  but  it  is  intensely 
fascinating.     The  authors  have  written  in  a  highly 



interesting  manner.  Subscribers  repeatedly  write 
that  reading  law  by  this  method  is  like  reading  a 

"Reading  law  by  your  method  is  so  intensely  inter- 
esting, as  well  as  practical,  that  it  has  assumed  the  form 
of  recreation  rather  than  a  task." 

WALTER  0.   FORD,  President, 
Ford  Manufacturing  Company,  Chicago. 

Practical  Information 

Instruction  in  legal  principles  is  of  value  only 
when  it  is  practical.  To  know  that  by  a  general  rule 
the  directors  of  a  corporation  are  not  liable  for  its 
debts  is  useless  if  one  does  not  also  know  that  the 
directors  are  liable  if  the  corporation's  charter  has 
never  been  filed. 

In  the  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Serv- 
ice the  reader  acquires  a  practical  working  knowl- 
edge of  the  law.  First,  he  leams  the  principles  of 
the  law;  second,  he  is  trained  to  apply  them  to  his 
or  his  client's  business  and  personal  affairs. 

"I  enrolled  for  the  Modern  American  Law  Course 
and  Service  to  be  able  to  answer  the  legal  questions 
which  daily  arise  in  our  business  and  require  immediate 
answer.  I  never  realized,  however,  that  you  could  place 
such  a  fund  of  information  at  my  disposal  as  your 
Course  covers." 

F.  M.  STEWART,  Chicago  Manager, 

H.  Griffin  d  Sons  Co.  of  New  York. 

This  information  includes  the  law  in  modern  sub- 
jects of  business  importance  such  as  "Interstate 
Commerce,"  ''Good  Will  and  Unfair  Competition," 


"Trademarks,"  "Receivers,"  "Interference  with 
Contractual  Relations,"  "Strikes,"  "Picketing," 
"Boycotts,"  "Banks  and  Trust  Companies,"  etc. 

Each  assignment  of  this  Course  and  Service  fol- 
lows in  logical  order.  As  the  Course  unfolds  itself 
to  the  subscriber,  he  grasps  easily  what  he  has  read 
and  sees  clearly  the  splendid  plan  of  the  whole 
Course.  The  Guides  indicate  the  information  of 
greatest  immediate  value  to  him,  eliminating  un- 
necessary steps.  Special  Lectures  and  Bulletins 
keep  the  subscriber  in  touch  with  legal  problems  of 
current  interest. 

Study  of  Legal  Documents 

Dean  Wigmore  of  Northwestern  University  Law 
School,  in  an  address  before  the  Association  of 
American  Law  Schools,  December,  1914,  advocated 
the  study  of  documents  in  the  law  schools.    He  said : 

"We  have  little  use  at  the  present  time  for  the  cus- 
tomary law,  but  we  have  great  use  in  our  law  schools  of 
the  present  day  for  the  current  business  practices  of  the 
business  men  of  the  nation.  I  think  our  law  courses 
would  be  much  improved  if  the  professors  of  law  would 
introduce  the  various  concrete  documents  in  use  in  busi- 
ness today  into  the  classroom  work. 

"When  a  student  is  studying  leases  he  should  have  a 
lease  before  him  and  when  the  business  laws  of  trans- 
portation are  before  the  student  he  should  be  provided 
with  a  bill  of  lading.  In  short,  each  law  school  should 
possess  and  use  a  full  set  of  business  documents." 

This  training  has  always  been  one  of  the  features 
of  the  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service. 
The   subscriber  is  not   only  furnished  with  legal 


forms,  but  acquires  a  working  knowledge  of  how  to 
draft  documents,  how  to  keep  proper  book  accounts, 
how  to  protect  himself  under  compensation  acts,  and 
how  to  determine  his  rights  in  connection  with  any 

Prepaeixg  for  the  Bar 

Unusual  opportunities  are  offered  to  those  who 
are  preparing  for  the  bar  examination.  All  legal 
subjects  required  by  bar  examiners  are  included  in 
our  Course  and  Service.  Each  series  of  Problems  is 
prepared  under  the  direction  of  experienced  bar  ex- 
aminers. The  solution  of  these  Problems  provides 
a  systematic  training  in  answering  the  questions 
wliicli  are  asked  of  applicants  for  admission  to  the 

Graduates  are  Successful  Lawyers 

The  overwhelming  proof  of  the  superiority  of  our 
method  is  furnished  by  the  successes  of  our  law 
trained  graduates,  for  a  quarter  of  a  century. 

Our  students  are  practicing  law  in  every  state  of 
the  Union.  In  the  entire  history  of  the  school  only 
four  of  our  graduates  failed  in  their  bar  examina- 
tions. Some  of  these  passed  in  their  second  at- 

We  guarantee  to  coach  you  free,  if  otherwise 
qualified,  you  fail  to  pass  the  bar  examination. 

More  than  30,000  students  have  enrolled  with  us. 
We  have  had  subscribers  in  every  civilized  country 
on  tlie  face  of  the  globe. 

We  number  among  our  graduates   at  least   one 


governor  of  a  state,  several  congressmen,  many 
judges,  many  state  senators  and  representatives, 
and  innumerable  state,  county  and  city  officers. 

Mechanical  Advantages 

The  subscribers  of  the  Blackstone  Institute  can 
read  the  features  of  its  Course  and  Service  under 
all  sorts  of  conditions.  Each  part  of  the  Course  is 
prepared  for  convenient  use  not  alone  at  home  or  in 
the  office,  but  on  the  car  or  train. 

The  volumes  of  Modern  American  Law  are  com- 
pact, light  and  easy  to  handle.  One  volume  will 
fit  into  your  coat  pocket.  You  can  carry  several 
volumes  conveniently. 

"They  are  convenient  to  carry  around  with  me  when 
holding  Court  in  the  twenty-four  counties  comprising 
my  district." 

H.  H.  WHITAKER,  Referee  in  Bankruptcy, 

Southern  District  of  Iowa. 

The  Guides  and  Lectures  are  bound  in  attractive, 
serviceable  covers  and  can  be  carried  about  and 
read  anywhere. 

Reading  today  is  done  in  many  instances  in  arti- 
ficial light.  The  most  exacting  care  was  exercised, 
therefore,  in  the  selection  of  the  type  for  the  fea- 
tures of  this  Course.  After  numerous  proofs  had 
been  made  of  every  acceptable  reading  type,  the  De- 
Vinne  type  was  chosen.  This  style  does  not  strain 
the  eyes.  It  is  used  in  the  printing  of  Modern 
American  Law,  the  Guides  and  the  Lectures. 

This  type  can  be  read  as  easily  in  artificial  light 


as  in  daylight.  Furthermore,  by  using  uniform 
type  in  the  features  of  the  Course  one  can  pass,  for 
example,  from  Modern  American  Law  to  a  Lecture 
without  requiring  the  eyes  to  adjust  their  vision  to 
a  new  type. 

The  same  exceptional  care  is  taken  in  printing 
all  the  reading  material  of  the  Course.  The  presses 
are  run  at  low  speed  and  the  printing  is  subjected 
to  most  thorough  press  work  inspection. 

"The  books  and  booklets  are  printed  with  such  large 
distinct  type  that  I  find  I  can  readily  cover  double  the 
assigned  matter." 

G.  M.  COSSITT,  Assistant  Cashier, 

LaGrange  State  Bank,  Illinois. 

A  special  book  paper  is  used  in  Modern  American 
Law.  It  is  thin,  tough  and  perfectly  opaque.  By 
its  use  it  is  possible  to  publish  the  complete  set  in 
but  twenty-six  inches  of  desk  space,  although  there 
are  about  nine  hundred  pages  to  each  volume.  In 
the  Guides,  Lectures  and  Problems  a  clean,  service- 
able paper  is  used. 

Personal  Service 

One  of  the  features  of  the  resident  school  which 
has  been  effectively  developed  in  tlio  Modern  Ameri- 
can Law  Course  and  Service  is  the  i)ersonal  instruc- 
tion wliich  it  renders  to  the  subscriber.  He  is 
guided  by  the  Staff  in  the  light  of  his  prior  educa- 
tion or  business  experience,  and  is  in  a  class  by  him- 

"Under  your  plan  a  student  gets  more  thorough  reci- 


tation  drilling  than  in  a  class  room,  where,  if  composed 
of  twenty  students,  a  student  is  only  apportioned  one- 
twentieth  of  the  recitation  period.  Under  your  system 
he  is  allowed  to  recite  on  every  question." 

Assistant  Chief  Deputy  Clerk  of  the  Municipal  Court  of 

This  individual  instruction  resembles  the  tutor 
system.  The  subscriber  is  invited  to  furnish  the 
Staff  with  information  as  to  his  age,  education,  busi- 
ness experience,  and  his  purpose  in  reading  law. 
This  information  is  studied  by  a  member  of  tlie 
Staff,  so  that  the  subscriber  is  regarded  as  an  in- 
dividual— not  merely  one  of  a  class.  In  this  man- 
ner, the  Staff  can  give  him  suggestions  and  special 
information  to  fit  his  particular  needs.  The  sub- 
scriber may  progress  as  rapidly  as  his  ability  per- 
mits.   No  one  can  delay  him. 

"I  do  not  see  how  it  is  possible  for  you  to  give  so 
much  personal  attention  to  the  individual  student.  I 
believe  that  I  am  getting  as  much  from  this  Course  as  I 
received  in  the  same  length  of  time  while  in  actual 
attendance  at  a  first  class  law  school." 

M.   E.   WATKINS, 
Supt.  Schools,  North  Dakota. 


As  often  as  his  individual  case  may  require,  the 
subscriber  receives  special  service.  Letters  are 
sent  to  him  by  the  Staff  to  stimulate  him  and  to  pre- 
vent him  from  falling  into  careless  habits  of  study- 
ing. By  this  friendly  co-operation,  the  subscriber 
to  the  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service 


finds  a  personal  appreciative  interest  which  assists 
liim  materially  in  becoming  and  obtaining  the  ad- 
vantages of  a  law  trained  man. 

Their  Regrets 

Many  of  the  subscribers  of  the  Modern  American 
Law  Course  and  Service  had  already  achieved  suc- 
cess in  business  and  in  the  legal  profession.  Wlien 
they  began  at  the  bottom  of  the  ladder  they  encoun- 
tered many  difficulties  which  hampered  their  prog- 
ress. These,  they  write,  would  have  been  readily 
overcome  had  they  then  enjoyed  the  advantages  of 
the  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service. 
They  fully  appreciate  now  the  incomparable  value 
of  an  adequate,  thorough  law  training.  Here  are 
some  typical  expressions: 

"Every  page  brings  home  more  strongly  the  thought 
of  what  your  course  might  have  done  for  me,  had  I  been 
able  to  follow  it  years  ago." 

'  "My  only  regret  is  that  I  have  not  had  an  earlier 
opportunity  offered  to  me  to  take  advantage  of  the 
great  benefits  to  be  derived  from  Blackstone  Institute." 

"Had  I  known,  years  ago,  just  a  small  part  of  the 
information  which  your  Course  has  taught  me,  I  should 
have  been  saved  time,  loss  and  money." 

"My  only  regret  is  that  it  was  not  possible  for  me 
to  acquire  this  training  years  ago." 

"I  had  no  idea  that  the  study  of  law  could  be  made 
80  interesting.  Everything  seems  to  have  been  made 
as  simple  as  possible  and  written  in  such  a  way  that  it 
Is  easy  to  assimilate  the  points  brought  out.  I  regret, 
however,  that  your  Course  was  not  open  to  me  years 
ago.  Although  there  are  no  royal  roads  to  learning, 
there  are  good  roads  and  bad  ones.    I  have  no  hesitation 


in  saying  tiiat  your  method  is  not  only  a  good  one,  but 
to  my  mind  the  best." 

A  LiBEKAL,  Education 

Every  educated  man  and  woman  seeks  to  be  cul- 
tured. Culture  brings  to  one  tlie  ability  to  converse 
well  and  without  embarrassment.  It  develops  the 
power  to  write  forcibly  and  effectively.  Culture  is 
the  result  of  a  liberal  education. 

No  branch  of  human  knowledge  is  foreigTi  to  the 
law.  It  is  itself  a  liberal  education.  It  rounds  out 
and  completes  the  training  of  every  man  and  woman. 
It  brings  culture. 

As  you  study  the  Modern  American  Law  Course 
and  Service  you  learn  the  elements  of  the  sciences 
and  arts.  In  the  common  law,  you  have  history ;  in 
the  statute  law,  the  organization  of  states ;  in  crimi- 
nal law,  sociology  and  prison  reform;  in  evidence, 
psychology ;  in  pleadings,  logic ;  in  master  and  serv- 
ant, economics.  Through  this  Course  you  increase 
your  vocabulary.  You  also  learn  how  to  concen- 
trate— how  to  make  the  best  use  of  your  time  in 
order  to  have  more  time  for  leisure. 

For  those  who  are  without  prior  schooling  in  the 
colleges  or  the  high  schools,  the  Modern  American 
Law  Course  and  Service  combines  in  simple  form 
the  elements  of  all  education.  It  brings  to  3^ou  the 
opportunity  to  acquire  a  liberal  education  and  the 
culture  of  the  law  trained  man. 

The  educated  mind  and  broadened  intellect  of  the 
law  trained  man  make  him  a  leader.     He  presides 


over  distinguislied  audiences.  He  is  requested  to 
receive  prominent  visitors  to  bis  city  or  town.  He 
is  invited  into  the  most  exclusive  social  circles.  His 
valuable  advice  is  sougbt  by  civic  organizations.  He 
is  appointed  to  investigating  committees. 

The  culture  of  the  law  trained  man  is  that  of  the 
intellect.  He  is  prominent  by  the  very  force  of  his 
superior  training. 

Why  the  Blackstone  Institute  Method? 

To  study  law  by  the  Blackstone  Institute  method 
does  not  demand  hardship  or  sacrifice.  You  can 
obtain  the  manifold  advantages  which  the  Staff 
offers  to  you  in  its  Course  and  Service  without 
interfering  with  your  present  occupation.  You 
can  profit  by  the  experience  and  knowledge  of  these 
men  while  you  earn  your  living. 

A  few  of  the  advantages  of  the  Modern  Ameri- 
can Law  Course  and  Service  have  been  outlined  in 
the  preceding  pages.  No  doubt,  you  have  discov- 
ered many  distinctly  new,  but  approved  features  in 
studying  law.  You  have  also  noted  that  modern 
methods  for  learning  have  been  adopted. 

A  description  of  a  session  of  the  Supreme  Court 
of  the  United  States  does  not  produce  the  same 
effect  as  if  you  had  been  present  yourself  in  the 
courtroom  while  the  Justices  took  their  places  on  the 
l)onoh.  So  it  is  with  the  Modem  American  Law 
Course  and  Service.  The  printed  word  can  never  de- 
pict its  progressive  nature,  its  high  standards  and 
its  efficiency.  Your  full  appreciation  can  come  only 
if  you  lot  us  make  it  serve  you. 

the  law  trained  man  107 

Points  Emphasized 


Blackstone  Institute,  including'  The  Sprague  Cor- 
respondence School  of  Law,  is  the  oldest  and  largest 
institution  for  law  training  in  the  world. 

In  more  than  twenty-five  years'  history  the  busi- 
ness methods  of  this  school  have  never  been  criti- 

Our  Course  and  Service  is  universally  endorsed 
by  prominent  members  of  President  Wilson's  Cabi- 
net, by  United  States  Senators  and  Representatives, 
by  more  than  a  thousand  leading  judges  and  law- 
yers in  all  parts  of  the  country  and  by  the  heads  of 
great  corporations  and  educational  institutions 

We  have  the  confidence  and  esteem  of  deans  and 
professors  in  the  leading  resident  law  schools. 

Eighty  distinguished  authorities — America's  best 
legal  talent — including  prominent  deans  and  pro- 
fessors in  leading  resident  law  schools,  eminent 
judges  and  leading  lawyers — contributed  to  this 
Course  and  Service. 

Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service  is  the 
only  home  study  course  actually  supervised  by  a 
Staff  of  deans  and  professors  in  resident  law 
schools,  judges,  lawj^ers,  bar  examiners  and  busi- 
ness men. 

We  combine  the  best  features  of  both  the  text 
and  case  methods  of  instruction. 

Our  Course  covers  all  the  subjects  offered  in  the 
resident  law  schools,  and  includes  every  subject  re- 
quired by  bar  examiners. 


We  are  the  only  institution  offering  a  home  study 
course  in  law  which  can  offer  you  the  leading  stand- 
ard work,  Modern  American  Law.  (Cited:  "M.  A. 

Modern  American  Law  is  the  only  authoritative 
series  especially  prepared  for  home  study,  which  is 
cited  by  Supreme  Court  Judges  in  their  opinions 
and  used  by  hundreds  of  lawyers  throughout  the 

This  new  work,  including  both  text  and  cases,  is 
rapidly  supplanting  the  older  standard  text  books 
in  the  leading  resident  law  schools. 

The  Staff  directs  your  reading  b}'  Guides  espe- 
cially prepared  for  this  Course. 

We  offer  you  Problems  for  solution  which  have 
been  prepared  under  the  direction  of  former  bar  ex- 

Your  solutions  to  the  Problems  are  graded  only 
l)y  members  of  the  bar.  We  provide  you  with  Model 
Solutions  for  comparison  with  your  solutions  of  the 

Blackstone  Institute  alone  offers  Lectures  writ- 
ten by  authorities  on  subjects  otherwise  not  found 
in  books. 

We  give  }ou  Individual  and  Personal  Service. 

Such  an  array  of  equipment  for  a  thorough,  mas- 
terful legal  training  is  proof  positive  tliat  we  are 
pre-eminently  fitted  to  teach  you. 

Only  a  few  hours  a  week  taken  out  of  your  spare 
time  are  necessary  to  complete  the  entire  Course. 
You  may  proceed  as  rapidly  as  you  desire.     Many 


of  our  students  complete  the  Course  in  less  than 
three  years. 

No  specific  preliminary  education  is  required. 
The  Course  is  easy  to  read — everything  is  written 
in  plain  simple  English. 

Our  Course  and  Service  is  the  result  of  many 
years  of  successful  experience  in  teaching  law  both 
at  home  and  in  the  resident  law  schools. 
.  We  have  successfully  taught  law  to  thousands  of 
students.  More  than  thirty  thousand  students  have 
enrolled  with  us. 

Our  graduates  are  practicing  law  in  every  state 
of  the  Union. 

The  Oldest  School  —  Founded  1890  —  The 
Largest  School. 


"Every  man  who  expects  to  achieve  substantial  success 
in  the  business  or  professional  world  should  be  legally 


THE  law  trained  man  will  always  continue  to 
stamp  bis  name  upon  business  affairs — tlie  le- 
gal profession  will  always  claim  tbe  bigbest 
bonors  witbin  tbe  gift  of  our  democracy. 

Tbe  law  trained  man  is  rapidly  outstripping  bis 
untrained  rival.  ' '  Wbat  are  you  studying  now  I "  is 
the  question  wbicli  is  being  asked  today.  If  you  can 
answer,  "Law,"  your  services  are  preferred. 

How,  tben,  sball  you  become  law  trained?  By  tbe 
Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service. 

Your   Success 

After  the  witnesses  have  testified  in  a  law  suit, 
experts  given  their  opinions  and  documents  been 
offered  in  evidence,  tbe  lawyers  make  their  closing 
arguments  to  tbe  jury.  The  judge  then  instructs 
them.  After  weighing  the  evidence  for  each  side 
they  bring  in  their  verdict.  If  tbe  court  accepts 
tlieir  decision,  be  enters  a  final  judgment  in  tbe  case. 

In  the  preceding  pages  you  have  read  tbe  testi- 
mony of  many  competent  witnesses  on  the  merits 
of  tbe  Course  and  Service  of  Blackstone  Institute. 



You  have  considered  the  opinions  of  expert  educa- 
tors and  have  read  the  unanimous  verdict  of  law- 
yers and  business  men  that  this  Course  and  Service 
is  simple,  practical  and  thorough.  Judges  have  ex- 
plained for  you  its  superior  standard  of  reading 
law.  You  are  now  ready  to  form  your  final  judg- 
ment on  this  evidence. 

You  know  what  this  Course  and  Service  is  doing 
for  others.  It  will  do  the  same  for  you.  The  Staff 
of  Blackstone  Institute  will  make  you  a  law  trained 
man— increase  your  abiUties,  your  efficiency,  your 
earning  power. 

You  have  been  told  why  the  busiest  men  make 
time  to  read  this  Course — how  it  enables  them  to 
avoid  expensive  mistakes.  Subscribers  have  testi- 
fied for  you  that  their  legal  knowledge  in  single 
instances  alone  has  more  than  repaid  the  time  they 
gave.  Yet,  their  interesting  reading  occupied  only 
a  few  hours  each  week. 

The  well-organized  Course  and  Service  of  the 
Blackstone  Institute  has  been  described.  You  know 
that  the  law  student  can  herein  receive  a  legal  train- 
ing equaled  only  by  that  of  the  resident  school, 
and  an  intimate  personal  service  developed  to  a  de- 
gree never  before  reached  even  by  a  college  course. 
You  know  that  herein  business  men  can  acquire  the 
fundamentals  of  all  branches  of  the  law  by  a  prac- 
tical, interesting  and  time-saving  method. 

You  also  know  that  the  Staff,  composed  of  edu- 
cators, lawyers,  judges  and  business  men,  can  give 
you  the  opportunity  to  win  the  big  rewards  in  busi- 


uess  and  in  the  legal  profession  which  come  to  the 
law  trained  man.    The  evidence  is  conclusive. 

Final  Judgmen^t 

Today  never  comes  again.  To  delay  forming 
your  judgment,  even  for  a  day,  is  to  permit  those 
who  are  studying  law  to  gain  an  advantage  over  you. 
Decide  now  in  favor  of  your  personal  success. 

Decide  to  win  success  through  law — to  study  law 
with  the  Staff  of  Blackstone  Institute.  Let  them 
serve  you  now — before  another  day  slips  by.  Make 
your  decision  today — and  act. 


OF  the  thousands  of  commendatory  letters  that 
we  are  constantly  receiving,  those  which  fol- 
low are  fair  samples.  They  show  the  thor- 
oughness and  efficiency  of  our  Course  and  Service, 
what  we  have  enabled  others  to  accomplish,  what  we 
can  therefore  enable  you  to  accomplish.  Can  you 
ask  stronger  testimony?  These  letters  are  worth 
your  careful  reading. 

From  Attorney  General's  Office. 

It  is  very  pleasing  to  realize  that  at  last  a  sensible  and 
clear  course  in  law  has  been  presented  to  the  men  of  the  country, 
bringing  to  them  a  course  of  university  standards. 

Special  Assistant,  in  charge  of  anti-trust  legislation,  to 
the  Attorney  General  of  the  United  States. 

From  a  Foremost  University  Professor. 

Prof.  Charles  A.  Graves,  of  the  University  of  Virginia, 
Charlottesville,  Va.,  while  Dean  of  the  Law  Department  of  the 
Washington  and  Lee  University,  wrote  to  one  of  our  students: 
"It  gives  me  pleasure  to  speak  in  terms  of  high  commendation 
of  The  Blackstone  Institute,  including  the  Sprague  Correspond- 
ence School  of  Law.  My  opinion  of  it  is  based  upon  my  observa- 
tion of  the  number  of  their  graduates  who  have  afterwards  taken 
our  law  course  and  upon  the  testimony  of  their  students.  One 
of  their  students  took  our  course  in  one  year  and  graduated 
second  in  his  class.  Of  course,  as  The  Blackstone  Institute  has 
often  stated,  the  study  of  law  by  correspondence  cannot  fully 
take  the  place  of  the  regular  law  school,  nor  supply  the  ad- 
vantages of  personal  intercourse  with  one's  teachers  and  fel- 
low students,  but  it  is  the  next  best  thing — far  superior  to  the 
study  of  law  in  an  office." 

8  [  113  ] 


Three  Stuuents  Pass  in  One  Examination  in  Oklahoma,  Meet- 
ing That  State's  Severe  Requirements — First 
and  Third  Honors. 

Foss,  Oklahoma. 

I  here  enclose  you  a  copy  of  the  "Foss  Enterprise"  which 
gives  an  account  of  my  passing  the  bar  examination  at  Guthrie. 
I  came  out  head  man  in  the  examination  in  the  grades  and 
received  a  great  ovation  in  the  Supreme  Court  room  at  Guthrie 
for  the  honors  I  had  attained  in  the  examination.  I  thought 
you  would  be  interested  to  hear  and  so  I  write  you  this  letter. 


W.  J.  O'HARA. 

Commissioners  of  the  Land  Office, 
State  of  Oklahoma. 

Guthrie,  Okla. 
Dear  Sir: 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  the  diploma  sent  me  and  to 
assure  you  that  I  prize  the  same  very  highly.  It  gives  me  a 
great  deal  of  pleasure  to  inform  you  that  I  have  just  stood  the 
bar  examination  in  this  state  and  passed  the  same  with  com- 
parative honors,  being  the  third  man  in  a  class  of  sixty-five, 
among  whom  were  Harvard,  Yale,  Ann  Arbor,  Vanderbilt,  and 
other  college  men.  I  made  an  average  grade  on  the  sixteen 
subjects  on  which  I  was  examined  of  90  per  cent.,  the  high  man 
only  going  forty  points  above  me  on  the  total  of  the  grades  for 
the  sixteen  subjects.  I  am  now  admitted  to  practice  in  all  the 
courts  of  Oklahoma,  and  want  to  assure  you  that  I  feel  that  to 
your  splendid  institution  is  due  a  great  deal  of  the  credit. 

Thanking  you  for  past  favors  and  assuring  you  of  my  good 
wishes,  good  will,  and  assistance,  if  possible,  I  am. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)     R.  P.  WYATT. 

Lynch-Forsythe  School, 
Ray  S.  Fellows,  Principal. 

Tulsa,  Oklahoma. 

I  passed  the  Oklahoma  bar  examination  the  first  week  in 
December,  along  with  two  others  of  your  students,  in  a  class  of 
more  than  sixty.     My  grade  was  88 1/^,  the  highest  being  but  a 


few  points  higher.  There  were  applicants  who  graduated  from 
Yale,  Harvard,  Chicago,  Michigan,  and  all  the  other  strong  law 
schools  in  the  country,  but  few  of  them  got  a  higher  grade  than 
I  did. 

Wishing  to  thank  you  for  all  that  I  have  gotten  out  of  your 
course,  and  adding  that  I  shall,  at  all  times,  be  glad  to  recom- 
mend your  School  to  would-be  lawyers,  I  remain, 

Very  sincerely  yours, 


A  New  England  Student  Succeeds. 

Berlin,  N.  H. 

Dear  Sir: 

Answering  your  inquiry,  I  found  The  Blackstone  Institute, 
including  The  Sprague  Correspondence  School  of  Law  Course, 
very  good  indeed.  Their  text-books  are  fine  and  their  les- 
sons are  easy  to  comprehend  and  instructive,  and  I  have  no 
hesitancy  in  recommending  it  very  highly  to  you. 

For  your  own  judgment  as  to  the  value  of  the  course,  I  will 
state  that  at  the  time  I  took  the  bar  examination  there  were 
students  from  Boston  University  and  Harvard  Law  School,  and 
that  I  took  no  instruction  in  law  but  the  Blackstone  Course  and 
Service,  yet  my  examination  ranked  the  highest  of  any  in  the 


Yours  very  truly, 


Passes  New  York  Bab  Examination. 

2  Rector  Street,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dear  Sir: 

It  will  please  you  to  know  that  I  have  been  admitted  to  the 
Bar  of  the  State  of  New  York;  and  I  am  glad  to  testify  to  the 
fact  that  it  was  due  to  the  thorough  training  received  through 
your  method  of  teaching  that  I  owe  my  knowledge  of  the  funda- 
mental principles  of  the  law. 

I  have  a  friend  who  thinks  he  would  like  to  take  up  the  study 
of  the  law.    Please  send  him  particulars. 

Wishing  your  School  continued  prosperity,  I  am, 

Very  truly  yours, 




474  Cleveland  St.,  Brooklyn. 

I  hereby  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  my  diploma  from  your 
School.  And  also  wish  to  say  that  I  have  found  your  School 
everything  as  represented. 

Yours  very  truly, 

E.  A.  ASHLY. 

From  ax  Old  Student,  Now  a  Successful  Ohio  Lawyer. 

Columbus,  Ohio. 

Your  system  commends  itself  in  my  estimation  as  the  most 
advantageous  method  of  study  by  any  person  who  is  not  attend- 
ing the  regular  law  school.  It  furnishes  the  student  with  the 
direction  and  outline  needed  to  call  his  attention  to  the  essential 
elements  of  the  particular  branch  of  the  law  which  he  has,  at 
the  time,  under  consideration. 

In  my  case,  I  was  teaching  at  the  time  I  took  a  part  of  the 
course  and  used  the  method  thus  offered  to  supplement  the 
general  direction  of  the  lawyer  under  whom  I  was  registered. 
I  found  it  suited  exactly  to  the  purpose,  thus  enabling  me  to 
secure  advanced  standing  in  the  regular  law  school  which  I 
afterwards  attended. 

I  desire  to  extend  my  grateful  regards  to  the  management  of 
the  School,  and  am  pleased  to  note  its  continuing  success. 

With  best  wishes  for  the  future,  I  am, 

Yours  truly, 
(Signed)     0.  E.  HALTERMAN. 

Thoroughly   Qualified   For  Advanced   Standing   in   University 
Law  School. 

Lexington,  Va. 
Gentlemen : 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  10th  inst.,  for  which 
accept  my  thanks. 

Since  writing  you  last  I  have  entered  the  law  department  of 
the  Washington  and  Lee  University.  Will  say  in  passing,  that 
owing  to  the  thoroughness  of  my  work  with  you  and  the  effi- 
ciency of  your  excollent  course,  I  am  enabled  to  enter  the  Senior 
class  here,  and  find  that  my  knowledge  of  the  law  is  clearer  and 


more  thorough  than  many  who  spent  their  Junior  year  at  this 
or  some  other  college. 

Very  respectfully  yours, 


A   Utah    County    Clerk   Passes    Bar   Examination — An    Inter- 
esting Case. 

Heber,  Utah. 

I  take  special  pleasure  in  informing  you  that  I  took  the 
State  bar  examination  on  the  10th  day  of  October,  in  a  class  of 
twelve,  including  graduates  of  the  Law  Departments  of  Yale, 
Harvard,  University  of  Michigan  and  University  of  Chicago,  and 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  State  of 
Utah  on  October  11th;  also  that  on  December  5th,  I  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  of  the  Federal  Courts  of  the  District  of  Utah. 

I  have  been  slow,  as  I  enrolled  with  you  in  June,  1902,  bor- 
rowing the  money  to  pay  my  tuition,  but  I  have  supported  a 
family  of  seven,  including  myself,  during  that  time,  and  am 
living  in  a  much  more  comfortable  home  than  when  I  began 
to  read  law.  My  license  as  an  attorney  represents  to  me  my 
savings  account  of  odd  minutes  (very  few  whole  hours)  during 
that  time,  and  even  if  I  should  never  practice  law,  I  should  con- 
sider it  very  valuable. 

As  it  is,  I  retire  from  the  County  Clerk's  office  next  Monday 
noon,  and  expect  to  hang  out  my  shingle  at  Myton  on  January 
15th.  Wishing  your  school  the  success  it  deserves,  I  remain, 
with  heartfelt  gratitude, 


County  Clerk. 

Adjiitted  to  Bar  in  Missouri. 

Leavenworth,  Kansas. 
Dear  Sirs: 

I  passed  the  bar  examination  in  Missouri  last  May  after 
studying  with  you  for  only  a  year  and  a  half,  and  before  I  had 
completed  your  full  course.  The  examination  was  unusually 
severe,  a  fact  which  is  attested  by  the  failure  of  51  candidates 
out  of  a  class  of  149,  of  whom  by  far  the  greater  majority  were 
graduates  of  resident  law  schools. 

Beginning  January  1st,  1911,  I  will  be  practicing  for  myself 
in  Kansas  City,  Mo.,  and  would  be  glad  to  have  you  use  my 


name  as  a  reference  to  any  young  man  who  might  be  contem- 
plating an  enrollment  in  your  course. 

Very  truly  yours, 


Getting  Good  Resut-ts  ix  Central  America. 

Bluefields,  Nicaragua. 
The   greater   part   of  the   work   so   far   covered    is   review   of 
studies  successfully  passed  at  the  University  before  I  came  here, 
and  I  can  now  say  that  I  am  getting  a  great  deal  more  out  of 
the  subjects  than  I  did  some  years  ago. 

American  Consul. 

Great  Mental  Training. 

San  Luis,   Pampanga,   P.   I. 
Dear  Sirs: 

In  a  few  weeks  I  shall  have  finished  my  course.  I  have  en- 
joyed the  work  immensely.  I  believe  that  I  am  better  equipped 
mentally  for  having  taken  it.  It  seems  to  me  that  I  can  attack 
subjects  other  than  the  law  in  a  more  logical  manner  than  I 
could  before  taking  up  this  subject.  I  should  have  finished 
more  than  a  year  ago,  but  the  nature  of  my  work  kept  me  away 
from  home  much  of  the  time. 

I  am  perfectly  satisfied  with  the  course  as  laid  out  by  your 
school,  and  know  that  I  could  pass  the  examination  in  any  State. 

Very  respectfully, 
(Signed)     JAMES  H.  BASS. 

Stands  First  in  Texas  Bar  Examination. 

Austin,  Texas. 

Your  favor  of  the  4th  inst.  has  been  received.  The  examina- 
tion to  which  I  referred  was  the  State  Bar  Examination;  how- 
ever, as  I  expect  to  complete  the  course  with  you,  I  am  retaining 
the  question  sheet.  I  expect  to  renew  work  on  the  course  to- 
morrow night. 

I  am  just  in  receipt  of  a  card  reading  as  follows: 

"Fort  Worth,  Texas,  November  15,  1910. 
"Dear  Sir: 

"The  Board  of  Legal  Examiners  have  returned  their 


report  and  I  am  very  glad  to  tell  you  that  you  made  the 
best  grade,  your  grade  being  a  general  average  of  95. 
Only  two  passed.     Will  send  you  license  soon. 

Yours  truly, 
"(Signed)     J.  A.  SCOTT,  Clerk." 
I  feel  much  pleased  at  my  success  in  passing  this  examina- 
tion, as  it  was  a  very  stiff  one,  there  being  about  one  hundred 
questions  on  each  subject.     Ten  days  were  consumed  in  the  ex- 

While  communicating  to  you  the  above  information,  I  desire 
to  express  my  appreciation  of  the  great  assistance  afforded  by 
the  course  of  study  conducted  by  you,  as  I  feel  that  without  your 
guidance  no  amount  of  study  would  have  prepared  me  for  the 
examination  within  the  same  period  of  time. 

Very  truly  yours, 
(Signed)     G.  F.  ZIMMERMAN. 

Ranked   Well  W'ith   Unh-ersity   Graduates   in   Nebraska   Bar 

Nebraska  City,  Neb. 


Perhaps  it  will  be  of  some  little  interest  to  you  to  learn  that 
on  the  8th  and  9th  of  this  month  I  took  the  examination  for 
admission  to  the  bar,  and  that  I  succeeded  without  any  difficulty 
whatever.  With  me,  participating  in  the  examination,  were  ten 
others,  mostly  students  of  law  colleges,  but  at  no  point  in  the 
proceedings  did  any  of  them  have  any  advantage  over  me,  and 
I  was  given  to  underst-and  by  members  of  the  examining  board 
that  I  ranked  well  with  them.  I  have  every  reason  to  commend 
your  course  of  instruction,  especially  in  that  during  the  three 
years  that  I  have  been  required  to  study  by  the  statutes  of  my 
state,  I  have  not  been  required  to  lose  any  time  from  my  regular 
employment  on  account  of  it. 

Wishing  you  and  all  your  students  the  success  in  their  en- 
deavors that  has  so  far  attended  me,  I  am, 

Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)     J.    S.    MEYER. 

An  Enthusiastic  Graduate  in  the  Philippines. 
The  Supreme  Court  of  The  Philippine  Islands. 

Manila,  P.  I. 
Gentlemen : 

I  have  the  honor  to  inform  you  that  I  have  been  admitted  to 


practice  before  all  the  courts  of  the  Philippine  Islands,  as  the 
result  of  having  successfully  passed  the  bar  examination  last 

The  examination  extended  over  a  period  of  three  days.  There 
were  a  hundred  candidates  who  took  the  examination.  Forty- 
six  passed.  I  made  a  creditable  showing  and  stood  fifteenth  in 
final  average. 

In  conclusion,  I  desire  to  thank  you  gentlemen  for  your  kind- 
ness to  me,  and  to  say  this  much  in  behalf  of  The  Blackstone 
Institute,  including  The  Sprague  Correspondence  School  of 
Law:  I  consider  that  it  is  the  best  correspondence  school  of 
law  in  existence;  its  methods  are  the  best;  its  course  is  the 
most  thorough,  and  its  professors  are  as  capable  as  can  be  found 
in  any  law  school.  I  owe  much  to  your  school.  I  would  not 
have  been  able  to  pass  the  bar  examination  had  I  not  taken  your 

Wishing  you  more  success,   I   remain, 

Gratefully  yours, 

Attorney-at-Law,  Manila,  P.  I.,  care  Supreme  Court. 

Helped  Him  Wix  Advanced  Standing  in  Resident  School. 

Valparaiso,   Ind. 

I  have  your  letter  of  the  4th  and  thank  you  for  your  encour- 
agement and  help.  Coming  here,  as  I  have,  late,  I  am  under  a 
burden  of  discouraging  circumstances,  but  the  work  under  you 
has  enabled  me  to  swing  into  the  classes,  and  I  believe  I  can 
make  it  all  right. 

Again  thanking  you  and  assuring  you  I  am  a  warm  friend 
of  your  school  and  your  thorough  method  of  instruction,  I 

Yours  truly, 



Blackstone  Institute,  including  The  Sprague  Correspondence 
School  of  Law,  has  entered  with  its  instruction  every  civilized 
country  on  the  face  of  the  globe  and  presents  herewith  a  list 
made  up  from  the  many  hundreds  of  its  foreign  students: 

THE  LAW  TRAINED  31  AN  121 

Aalsquarde,  Denmark — A.  M.  Levinsohn. 

Albay,  P.  I. — Albert  E.  Somerville. 

Altona,  Manitoba — Daniel  McLean. 

Bangkok,   Siam — Soh  Thian  Luis. 

Barkersville,  Ont. — E.  D.  Fargo. 

Batopilas,  Mex. — Frank  E.  Cody. 

Brantford,  Ont.— W.  0.  McKay. 

Cairo,  Egypt — Said  Saad. 

Cartigena,  Columbia — Oliver  P.  MacKay. 

Calgary,  N.  W.  T.— William  A.  Yuill. 

Cavite,  P.  L— H.  H.  Buck,  J.  A.  Koenig. 

Charleston,  B.  C. — Mrs.  W.  L.  Harris,  J.  H.  Carnahan. 

Chihuahua,  Mex. — J.   B.  Fressider. 

Chungking,  China — Geo.  F.  Smithers. 

City  of  Mexico,  Mex. — J.  R.  McDonough,  H.  W.  Reed. 

Coal  Banks,  N.  W.  T.— Geo.  H.  Johnston,  Jr. 

Columbia  Barracks,  Cuba — E.  W.  Arwood,  Troop  K,  7th  Cavalry. 

Constantinople,  Turkey — William  W.  Peet. 

Constantinople,   Turkey — Geo.    Stanley  Murray. 

Coppercliff,    Ont. — J.    D.    Murray. 

Cornwall,  Canada — S.  B.  Fraser. 

Corozal,  C.  Z.,  Panama — Theodore  Longabaugh. 

Deseronto,  Ontario — C.  A.  Millener  and  M.  J.  Butler,  the  latter 

of   whom,   however,   has   since   the   beginning   of   his   study 

taken  up  his  residence  in  Chicago. 
DeWinton,  N.  W.  T.— Isadore  Kelly. 
Durango,  Mex. — Frank  S.  Lucas. 
Ensenada,  Mex. — E.  A.  Sawday. 
Fajardo,  P.  L — Andrew  Hoist. 
Farnham,  Que. — Malcolm  Beaton. 
Foo  Chow,  China — Wilbur  T.  Cracey. 
Gibara,  Cuba — Pedro  A.   Cardona. 
Grand  Bassa,  Liberia — J.  H.  Green. 
Granville,  Yukon — Gustav  B.  Schuncke. 
Greenwood  City,  B.  C. — C.  E.  Rueger. 
Guanabacoa,  Cuba — M.  Morris  Delgado. 
Hailua,  H.  L — John  Greig. 
Hakalau,  H.  L — Eugene  A.  Capellas. 
Hamilton,  Ont. — R.  M.  Stuart,  P.  A.  Thomson. 
Hamilton,  Ont. — Robert  K.  Palmer,  Mrs.  J.  I.  Marshall. 
Hamilton,  Ont— Thos.  W.  Williamson,  Jr.,  J.  H.  Hamilton. 
Hankow,  China — R.  A.  Frost. 


Students  i.\   Every  Part  of  the  World. 

Havana,  Cuba — Albert  F.  Elkins,  Jose  Ramirez  de  Arellano. 

Havana,  Cuba — J.  W.  Watson,  F.  A.  Morris. 

Havana,  Cuba — Geo.  L.  Weber,  John  Rivera. 

Heidelberg,  Germany — Gustave  Mueller. 

Hilea,  Hawaii,  H.  I.— Wm.  K.  Makakoa. 

Hilo,  H.  I. — J.  E.  Gamelielson,  W.  H.  Beers,  Geo.  Henry  Vickars, 
Keith  F.  Mackie. 

Honokaa,  Hawaii — Enos  Vincent,  Chas.   Williams,  E.   W.  Estep. 

Honolulu,  H.  T. — P.  Dansen  Kellett,  Jr.,  Harry  Z.  Austin,  Charles 
A.  Peterson,  M.  D.;   Wm.  L.  Peterson. 

Honolulu.  H.  T.— A.  L.  Ahlo. 

Honolulu,  H.  T. — Henry  Peters,  Henry  Hapai,  Carlos  A.  Long, 
W.  O.  Cromwell,  W.  J.  Coelho,  C.  H.  Dickey,  J.  A.  Templeton, 
Edwin  Farmer,  H.  I.  Johnston,  Joseph  Frias,  J.  L.  Poorman, 
Samuel  Kallva,  W.  L.  Howard,  John  A.  Hughes,  Miller  V. 
Parsons,-  W.  R.  Chilton,  Jr.,  Eugene  Z.  Aiu,  S.  Cheng  Chau. 

Iloilo,  P.  I.— W.  C.  Taylor. 

Ingersoll,  Ont. — F.  Bradbury,   Geo.   Batcheller. 

Kahului,  H.   I.— H.  W.  Baldwin. 

Kailua,  H.  I. — Jno.  C.  Lenhart. 

Kalso,  B.   C— D.   McPhail. 

Kaneche,  H.  I. — William  Henry. 

Kapoho,  H.  T. — Chas.  Weatherbee. 

Kealia,  H.  I.— John  W.  Neal. 

Khartoum,  Sudan — Abd  El  Galiel  Saad. 

Kingston,  Ont.— H.  B.  Mills,  Robert  M.  Allen. 

Kingsville,  Ont.— J.  A.  McK.  Williams. 

Kohala,  H.  I.— J.  F.  Child. 

Kolva,  H.  I.— J.  S.  Ferry. 

Kukuhaele,  H.  I. — William  Homer. 

Lahaina,  Maui,  H.  I. — W.  Elmo  Reavis,  A.  W.  Hayselden. 

Lahaina,  H.  I. — E.  A.  Carleton. 

Laupahoehoa,  H.  I. — Geo.  M.  Deacon. 

Lepperton,  New  Zealand — David  Bennett 

Levis,  P.  Q. — Guy  A.   Simpson. 

Lihue,  H.   L— S.   Sheva. 

London,  Ont. — John  W.  Dickson. 

Lucena,  P.  L— W.  W.  Weston. 

Magdalena,  P.  L — Jose  Francis. 

Magot,  Que. — J.  Theo.  McRae. 

Makaweli,   H.   L — J.   Dyson. 


Students  in  Every  Part  of  the  World. 

Manila,  P.  I.— Fred  C.  Fisher,  Donald  Hummer. 
Manila,  P.  I.— Chas.  F.  Herr,  Isaac  P.  Israel,  John  T.  Miller. 
Manila,    P.    I.— Lieut.    E.    M.    Norton,    William    H.    Donovan,    E. 
Douglas   Barnes,   C.  W.   Rheberg,   Oscar  F.   Rickard.  W.   D. 
Cheek,    Lieut.    Walter    D.    Buttenbach,    Harry    L.    Beckjord, 
Gregorio  Neva,  A.  O.  Zinn. 
Mantanzas,  Cuba— F.  W.  Kirksey. 
Mexico  City,  Mex.— D.  G.  Farragut,  H.  F.  Bennett. 
Middleton,  N.  B. — Winthrop  H.  Lockhart. 
Moncton,  N.  B.— Q.  C  Rand. 
Monrovia,  Liberia — Isaac  Mooart. 
Monte  Criste,  Dom.  Rep.— L.  Z.  Missick. 
Montreal,   Can.— Wm.    B.    Clark,   C.    P.    Simpson. 
Montreal,   Que.— William  P.   Clark,  E.  Edwin  Howard,   Stephen 

J.  LeHuray,  lahiko  Honbee,  Bernard  Rose. 
Mount  Brydges,  Ont.— Charles  J.  Bradley. 
Mount  Pleasant,  B.  C— Walter  C.  Clark. 
Moyee  City,  B.  C— Eldon  A.  Barrick. 
Nahiku,  Hawaii — W.  E.  Lemon. 
Nanaimo,   B.   C. — Adam  Thompson. 
Nanking,  China— T.  Theo.  Wong. 
Napoosa,  Hawaii— Harry  T.  Mills. 
Nelson,  B.  C— James  Sproat. 
Newburgh,   Ont.— E.  A.  Nesbit. 
North  Kona,  H.  I.— A.  McWayne. 
Oahu,  H.  I. — Charles  Wilson. 
Omealca,  Mex. — J.  G.  Mason. 
Orillia,  Ont. — Ernest  A.  Wakefield. 
Paauilo,  H.  I. — Charles  Nottley,  Jr. 

Panama,  Republic  of  Panama — D.  A.  Galdos. 

Papaikou,  H.  I. — William  McCluskey. 

Pasay,  P.  I.— J.  H.  Webb. 

Pekin,  China — Chas.  Denby,  Jr.,  son  of  the  former  United  States 

Peterborough,  Can. — Charles  A.  Barton. 

Petrolia,  Ont.— S.  T.  Crane. 

Ponce,  P.  R. — Henry  Kersten. 

Puerta  Principe,  Cuba — Francisco  A.  Serra. 

Raymond,  Alta. — Geo.  T.  Woide. 

Rodney,  Ont. — J.  S.  Robertson,  G.  Barnard  Morris. 

Rothsay,  Ont. — I.  H.  Lowes. 


Students  in  E\'ery  Part  of  the  World. 

Rossland,  B.  C— T.  C.  Hartland,  Fred  Barker,  H.  E.  Abell. 

St.  Davids,  Ont.— Howard  W.  Fairlie. 

St.  Johns,  N.  B. — Stanley  M.  Hunter. 

St.  Johns,  Newfoundland — S.  A.  Churchill. 

St.  Petersburg,  Russia — R.  Hill. 

Saltillo,  Mex. — Roque  J.  Rodrigues. 

San  Geronimo,  Mex. — Chas.  B.  Mitchell. 

San  Juan,  P.  R. — Pedro  Carlos  Timothee,  J.  H.  Hanaford. 

San  Luis  de  la  Paz,  Mex. — H.  D.  Brown. 

Santiago,  Chili — A.  F.  Clement. 

Santa  Cruz,  P.  I.— S.  C.  Tidd. 

Sarnia,  Ont. — Stuart  G.  Cameron. 

Sault  Ste.  Marie,  Ont. — John  A.  McLeod. 

Shanghai,   China — A.  L.  Ahlo. 

Sheffield  Academy,  Ont. — C.  Sidney  Burpee. 

Sitka,  Alaska — L.  Jensen. 

Smith's  Falls,  Ont.— J.  F.  Delaney. 

Smithville,  Ont.— C.  Fritz  Shaw.  » 

Stellarton,  N.  S. — John  T.  MacLennan. 

Suva,  Fiji  Islands — Norman  Smith. 

Tacloban,  P.  I.— J.  L.  Fisk. 

Tacubaya,  Mex. — C.  N.  Puga. 

Tahiti,  Soc.  I. — William  F.  Doty. 

Three  Rivers,  B.  C. — Urbain  J.  Ledoux. 

Toronto,  Ont.— W.  R.  Ward. 

Toronto,  Ont. — J.  R.  Carter,  S.  A.  Weismiller. 

Unga,  Alaska — 0.  R.  McKinney. 

Van  Anda,  B.  C. — Harry  McCluskey. 

Vancouver,  B.   C. — Walter  C.   Green. 

Waialua,  Oahu,  H.  I. — A.  S.  Mahaulu. 

Waihi,  Ney  Zealand — Thomas  Hugh  Torrens. 

Wailuku,  H.   I.— S.  Keliinoi. 

Waimea,  H.  I. — I.  B.  Maklin. 

Walkerville,  Ont. — Neil  McLachlin. 

Wilno,  Ont. — L.  M.  Makowski. 

Winkler,  Man. — Ernest  Ritze. 

Winnipeg,  Man. — John  McRae,  Frederick  J.  G.  McArthur,  H.  P. 

Winnipeg,  Man. — L.  St.  Geo.  Stubbs. 
Wolf  River,  Ont.— M.  H.  Tupper. 
Yance,  P.  R.— Rafael  M.  Delgado. 


Yarmouth,  N.   S.— Charles  S.   Pelton. 
Yenangyot,  British  India — Harry  A.  Smith. 
Yokohama,  Japan — J.  E.  DeBecker. 
Zumboange,  P.  I. — J.  E.  Koenig. 
Tokyo,  Japan — Shigeo  Kanai. 


Have  Studied  With  Blackstoxe  Institute,  Including  The 
Sprague  Coreespondence  School  of  Law. 

It  must  be  borne  in  mind  that  constant  changes  in  resi- 
dences take  place  of  which  we  are  not  advised,  and  further,  that 
changes  in  business  may  occur.  Therefore,  the  list  is  not  abso- 
lutely correct  so  far  as  residences  and,  probably,  present  busi- 
nesses are  concerned.  The  list  is  as  nearly  correct  as  can  be 
made  from  the  information  at  our  disposal.  The  business  given 
is  the  business  in  which  the  student  was  engaged  while  studying 
law  with  us. 


H.    L.    Goodwin,    Farmington,    Me.,    Farmington    Weekly    Inde- 
Geo.  E.  Reed,  Prairie  Depot,  Ohio,  The  Observer. 
Alvah  P.  French,  Mt.  Vernon,  N.  Y.,  Daily  Argus. 
W.   L.   Davis,   Toledo,   Ore.,   Lincoln  County  Leader. 
Jas.  F.  Ross,  Pearisburg,  Va.,  The  Virginian. 
.  W.  S.  O'Brien,  Yuba  City,  Cal.,  Sutter  Independent. 
Wm.   M.   Pettit,   Prospect,  O.,  Advance-Monitor. 
Calvin  D.  Myers,  Glouster,  O.,  Glouster  Press. 
J.  B.  Talavall,  New  York,  N.  Y.,  Publisher  Telegraph  Age. 
R.  C.  Merrick,  Ellburn,  111.,  Ellburn  Record. 

F.  R.  Stevens,  Crary,  N.  D.,  Ramsey  Co.  Courier. 

B.  L.  Smith,  Basalt,  Colo.,  The  Tribune. 

Cyrus  Coleman,  Henrietta,  Tex.,  Henrietta  Independent. 
Clyde  R.   Hoey,  Shelby,  N.  C,  Cleveland  Star. 
P.  C.  Fullmer,  W.  Jefferson,  0.,  The  Home  News. 

G.  L.  Swartz,  Poynette,  Wis.,  Editor  and  Publisher  The  Poynet'o 

Wm.  J.  Latham,  Canton,  Miss.,  Baptist  Safeguard. 
A.  J.  Garver,  Leeds,  N.  D.,  Proprietor  Benson  County  News. 

C.  K.   Semling,   Halstead,   Minn.,   Proprietor  Halstead  Reporter. 
Prof.   W.    C.    Stevenson,   Emporia,    Kans.,    Editor   State   Normal 



Studied  With  Us. 

R.  T.  Clayton,  Pavo,  Ga.,  President  Pavo  Herald  Publishing  Co. 

C.  W.  Ludtke,  Markesan,  Wis.,  Publisher  Markesan  Herald. 

Wm.  J.  Latham,  Canton,  Miss.,  Baptist  Safeguard. 

Morgan  D.  Jones,  Dosier,  Ala.,  Searight  Beacon. 

Jere  Dennis,  Birmingham,  Ala.,  Labor  Advocate. 

A.  J.  Russell,  Green  Forest,  Ark.,  Green  Forest  Tribune. 

E.  Anthony,  Castrovill,  Wash.,  Castrovill  Times. 

O.  P.  M.  Huffman,  Portland,  N.  D.,  Portland  Republican. 

H.   Jennings,   Bartlesville,   Okla.,   Magnet. 

R.  C.  Walker,  Marion,  Ky.,  Press. 

W.  H.  Book,  Roseau,  Minn.,  Roseau  Plain-Dealer. 

Lewis  J.  Davis,  Union,  Ore.,  Republican. 

John  R.  Hawkins,  Kittrell,  N.  C,  Publisher  The  Educator. 

O.  H.  Culver,  Roche  Harbor,  Wash.,  The  San  Juan  Islander. 

John  Harris,  Cuba,  Mo.,  Publisher  The  Cuba  Telephone. 

W.  S.  O'Brien,  Yreka,  Cal.,  Editor  The  Siskiyou  News. 

A.  M.  F.  Kirchheiner,  Antelope,  Ore.,  Publisher  The  Republican. 

Chas.  E.  Hicks,  Arlington,  Ore.,  The  Independent. 

J.  B.  Sanford,  Ukiah,  Cal.,  Dispatch-Democrat. 

C.  W.  Merriweather,  Paducah,  Ky.,  The  Bee. 

Jo.  Hewlett,  Cullman,  Ala.,  The  Tribune-Gazette. 

W.    H.   Folsom,   Pinetop,   Minn.,   Homestead   Review. 

John  Henry  Zuver,  Battle  Creek,  Mich.,  The  Lawgiver. 

W.  C.  Hunt,  Walsenburg,  Colo.,  The  Walsenburg  World. 


Rev.  Harry  L.  Murray,  Indianola,  111. 

Rev.  Stanley  M.  Hunter,  St.  Johns,  N.  B. 

Rev.  H.  L.  McKinney,  Greenville,  Tenn. 

Rev.  F.  A.  Burdick,  Wilmot,  S.  D. 

Rev.  Owen  James,  Eastport,  Me. 

Rov.  Paul  N.  Coyer,  Waterville,  Me. 

Rev.  Quincy  J.  Collins,  Clayville,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  Smith  Ordway,  Sodus,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  James  Donahue,  Summitville,  0. 

Rev.  Fred  S.  Powell,  Clunette,  Ind. 

Rev.  W.  T.  McConncll,  Sidell,  111. 

Rev.  R.  P.  Zebley,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Rov.  Eugene  A.  Robinson,  Bloomville,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  John  Gray,  Yammons. 

Rev.  C.  J.  Nutt,  Keswick,  la. 


Studied  With  Us. 

Rev.  J.  R.  Ramsey,  South  Sioux  City,  Neb. 
Rev.  Maurice   F.   Murpliy,    Seattle,   Washington. 
Rev.  R.  R.  Bulgin,  Montpelier,  Indiana. 
Rev.  Herman  Lind,  Ellchart,  Indiana. 
Rev.  J.  R.  Finley,  Centralia,  Missouri. 

G.  W.  Denman,  Corvallis,  Ore.,  Superintendent  County  Schools. 
W.  E.  Leitner,  Hawthorne,  Fla.,  Principal. 

W.  E.  Hicks,  Ellendale,  N.  D.,  Superintendent  County  Schools. 
C.     T.     Cocham,     Monticello,     Ark.,     Superintendent     Monticello 

Graded  School. 
I.  B.  Alford,  Geneva,  Tex.,  Principal  High  School. 
Wellington  Hodgkins,  West  Dennis,  Mass.,  Superintendent  High 

W.  B.  Howard,  Childress,  Tex.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
C.  W.  Kimmel,  Butler,  Ind.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 

C.  V.  Fulton,  Butte,  Mont.,  Principal  Garfield  School. 

B.  E.  Nelson,  Lewiston,  111.,  Superintendent  Lewiston  Public 

G,  W.  Shaw,  Corvallis,  Ore.,  Professor  Oregon  Agricultural  Col- 

B.  F.  Carter,  Benedict,  Kan.,  Principal  Benedict  High  School. 

S.  E.  Mace,  Oquawka,   111.,  Superintendent  County  Schools. 

L.  L.  Raymond,  Gering,  Neb.,  Superintendent  County  Schools. 

D.  C.  Fleming,  Sterling,  Colo.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
Fred  L.  Gibson,  Meadow  Creek,  Mont.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 
H.  B.  Fuller,  Lewiston,  Mich.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 

J.  F.  Main,  Keithsburg,  111.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 

M.  J.  Yeomans,  Dawson,  Ga.,  Superintendent  City  Schools. 

R.    F.    Beausay,    Upper   Sandusky,    O.,    formerly    Superintendent 

Public  Schools,  Pemberville,  O. 
H.  T.  Lumpkin,  Oglethorpe,  Ga.,  Principal  Lumpkin  Academy. 
Alfred  Torngren,  Winthrop,   Minn.,   Superintendent   Schools. 
D.  A.  Nesbit,  Newburg,  Ont.,  Principal  High  School. 
Evan  W.  Estep,  Honokaa,  Hawaii,  H.   I.,  Principal   Government 

English  School. 
0.  L.  Galbreth,  La  Porte,  Ind.,  County  Superintendent  of  Schools. 
Walter    Irwin,    North    Manchester,    Ind.,    Superintendent    Public 

F.  J.  Miller,  Fort  Benton,  Mont.,  Principal  of  Schools. 


Studied  With  Us. 

J.  F.  Nowlin,  Pendleton,  Ore.,  Superintendent  of  County  Schools. 
J.    W.    Purves,    Wausaukee,    Wis.,    Principal    Wausaukee    Public 

F.  E.  Green,  Kalispell,  Mont.,   Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
L.  G.  Scott,  Fontanelle,  la.,  Superintendent  of  Schools. 

E.  F.  Wilson,  Lake  City,  Fla.,  Principal  Apalachicola  Public 

E.  L.  Coffeen,  Waukon,  la.,  Principal  Waukon  Public  Schools. 

P.  H.  Kelley,  Mt.  Pleasant,  Mich.,  Superintendent  Public 

Wm.  P.  Ramey,  A.  M.,  Carlisle,  Ky.,  Superintendent  Carlisle 
City  Schools. 

S.  C.  Fullilove,  Shreveport,  La.,  Assistant  Principal  Boys'  Gram- 
mar Schools. 

G.  A.  Holley,  Yale,  Miss.,  Principal  Oakland  Normal  Institute. 
Carl  C.  Magee,  Carroll,  Iowa,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 

J.  E.  Modin,  Center  City,  Minn.,  Superintendent  County  Schools. 
W.  M.  Webb,  Plymouth,  0.,  Principal  Plymouth  Public  Schools. 
S.  E.  Mace,  Stronghurst,  111.,  Superintendent  County  Schools. 

E.  O.  Busenburg,  Glendive,  Mont.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 
Frank  Clapper,  Castleton,  N.  Y.,  Principal  Public   Schools. 

A.   C.   Burrell,    Indianapolis,    Ind.,   Professor   Indianapolis   High 

Charles    W.    Macomber,    A.    M.,    Waukon,    la..    Principal    Public 

Amos  Shinn,  "Vincent,  0.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
Wm.  M.  Finch,  Willows,  Cal.,  Superintendent  County  Schools. 

F.  E.  Lark,  Onawa,  la..  Superintendent  County  Schools. 

J.  J.  McFaul,  North  McGregor,  la..  Principal  Public  Schools. 
Frank  Seward  Miller,  Mahanoy  City,  Pa.,  Superintendent  Public 

Dudley    Grant    Hays,    Chicago,    111.,    Professor    Chicago    Normal 

J.  L.  Howser,  Broadwell,  111.,  Superintendent  Broadwell  Schools. 
J.  A.  Bexoll,  Rock  Island,  III.,  Professor  Augustana  College. 
H.  E.  Cox,  Santa  Cruz,  Cal.,  Principal  Chestnutwood's  Business 

D.    C.    Luening,     Milwaukee,    Wis.,     Principal     Second     District 

S.  E.  Gidncy,  Smithville,  Tex.,  Superintendent  Smithville  Public 



Studied  With  Us. 

G.  G.  Ulmer,  Valley  Falls,  R.  I.,  Principal  Grammar  School. 
W.  S.  Baker,  Princeville,  111.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 

D.  E.  Barnes,  Tripoli,  la..  Principal  Public  School. 

E.  E.  Edmonson,  Gordon,  Tex.,  Principal  Gordon  College. 

E.  H.    Griffin,    Lakewood,    N.    D.,    Principal    Lakewood    Public 

R.  C.  Spencer,  Audubon,  la..  Superintendent  Audubon  Schools. 
J.  H.  T.  Ames,  New  Richmond,  Wis.,  Principal  City  Schools. 

F.  L.  Lamson,  Montour  Falls,  N.  Y.,  Professor  Cook  Academy. 
S.  H.  Allen,  Nashville,  Ark.,  Principal  Nashville  High  School. 
Isaac  Mitchell,  Georgetown,  O.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
J.  E.   Shepard,   Logan,   Utah,   Principal   Commercial   Department 

Agricultural  College  of  Utah. 
John    Gavin,    The    Dalles,    Ore.,    Principal    The    Dalles    Public 

W.  A.  Hiatt,  Deshler,  0.,  Superintendent  Deshler  Public  Schools. 
J.    W.    Faris,    Logan,    Utah,    Principal    Commercial    Department 

Agricultural  College. 
Paul  Nichols,  Henry,  Tenn.,  Principal  Henry  High  School. 
W.  J.  Sutton,  Cheney,  Wash.,  Principal  State  Normal  School. 
W.  L.  Cronk,  Castle,  Mont.,  Principal  Schools. 
J.  W.  Cooper,  Shenandoah,  Pa.,  Principal  High  School. 
W.  P.  Johnson,  Marengo,  la.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
J.  G.  Johnson,  Florence,  Colo.,  Secretary  Board  of  Education. 
A.  E.  Strode,  Amherst  P.  O.,  Va.,  Associate  Principal  Kenmore 

High  School. 
George  E.  Owen,  Clinton,  111.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
O.  A.  Allen,  St.  Peter,  Minn.,  Principal  Commercial  Department 

Gustavus  Adolphus  College. 
C.  R.  Leas,  West  Sonora,  O.,  Principal  High  School. 
Wilson  M.  Foulk,  Piedmont,  W.  Va.,  Principal  Davis  Free  School. 
J.  L.  Maynard,  Halltown,  Mo.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 
W.  E.  Rowe,  White  Sulphur  Springs,  Mont.,  Superintendent  Pub- 
lic Schools. 
T.  W.  Kimber,  Dalton,  0.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
F.   S.   Brick,   Belfast,  Me.,  Superintendent  Public   Schools. 
W.    C.    Thompson,    Cheboygan,    Mich.,     Superintendent    Public 


J.  H.  Harris,  Bay  City,  Mich.,  Principal  High  School. 

John  R.  Hawkins,  Kittrell,  N.  C,  Supervisor  of  Schools,  A.  M.  E. 



Studied  With  Us. 

R.  E.  Galloway,  Sciota,  111.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 

H.  V.  Failor,  Denison,  la..  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 

J.  R.  Trotter,  Charleston,  W.  Va.,  Superintendent  of  Free  Schools 

of  State. 
Reuben   Perry,   Lac   du   Flambeau,    Wis.,    Superintendent    Indian 

Thomas  McCulloch,  Red  Oak,  la..  Superintendent  County  Schools. 
J.  E.  Phillips,  Sauk  City,  Wis.,  Principal  High  School. 
Pete  W.  Ross,  Morris,  Minn.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 

E.  D.  Morrison,  Crawfordsville,  la. 

J.  F.  Conner,  Rock  Springs,  Wyo.,  Superintendent  Public 

William  S.  Myers,  New  Brunswick,  N.  J.,  Professor  Rutgers  Col- 

R.  B.  Holmes,  Danville,  111.,  Superintendent  County  Schools. 

Frank  Meyers,  Dodge,  Nebraska,  Principal  Public  Schools. 

H.  J.  Wendt,  Green  River,  Wyo.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 

Homer  A.  DeLoome,  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  Professor  Beaumont  Hospital 
Medical  College. 

F.  P.  Buck,  St.  Johns,  Mich.,  Principal  St.  Johns  Pligh  School. 
R.  Scott  Miner,  Viola,  111.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 

Lee  A.  Glassburn,  Defiance,  la.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 
Frank   L.    Grinstead,    Kettle    Falls,    Wash.,    Principal    of    Public 

C.    Martin    Alsager,    Fairdale,    111.,     Principal     Fairdale     Public 

T.  A.  Luman,  Flemingsburg,  Ky.,  Superintendent  High  School. 
B.  M.  Hardenbrook,  Marion,  S.  D.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 
Edwin  Rigby  McDorman,  Fairmount,  Md.,  Principal  Fairmount 

Tom  P.  Sloan,  Washington,  Pa.,  County  School  Commissioner. 
I.  W.  Bowman,  Scoficld,  Utah,  Superintendent  County  Schools. 
W.    M.    Jackson,    Campbellsvillc,    Ky.,    Principal    Campbellsville 

High  School. 
J.  T.  Hooper,  Ashland,  Wis.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
Guy  W.  Selby,  Flushing,  Mich.,  Superintendent  Graded  Schools. 
R.  J.  Rudscr,  Aneta,  N.  D.,  Principal  Aneta  Public  Schools. 
Lewis  Johnson,  Henrietta,  Tex.,  Principal  High  School. 
T.  W.  Do  Haven,  Des  Moines,  la.,  Professor  Drake  University. 
S.  S.  Beggs,  Beardstown,  111.,  Superintendent  Beardstown  Publid 



Studied  With  Us. 

J.  S.  Phipps,  Peytona,  W.  Va.,  County  Superintendent  of  Schools. 
H.    S.    Richardson,    Walpole,    N.    H.,    Principal    Walpole    Graded 

Charles  Danberg,   East  Liverpool,   O.,   Secretary   East  Liverpool 

Public  Library. 
Andrew  T.  Park,  Duluth,  Minn.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
T.  O.  Sweetland,  Kulm,  N.  Dak.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 

D.  A.     Grussendorf,    Appleton,     Minn.,     Superintendent     Public 

J.  Oran  Carter,  Byron,  Tex.,  Principal  Byron  Public  Schools. 
C.  U.  Stone,  Peoria,  111.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
Arthur  Butler,  Longmont,  Colo.,  Principal  Public  Schools. 

E.  T.  Falting,  Sherwood,  Oregon,  Principal  Public  Schools. 
J.  M.  Doty,  Grand  Chain,  111.,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
Fred  E.  Hansen,  Nevada,  Iowa,  Superintendent  County  Schools. 
L.  W.  Mayberry,  Arkansas  City,  Ark.,  President  North   Central 

Kansas  Teachers'  Association. 
Frank  Elzey,  Jacksonville,  Fla.,  County  Superintendent. 
W.  W.  Driskell,  Conyers,  Ga.,  Superintendent  City  Schools. 
Roscoe  C.  Hill,  Colorado  Springs,  Colo.,  Principal. 
John  C.  Fisher,  Ashland,  Ohio,  Superintendent  Public  Schools. 
Oscar  Thomas,  Greencastle,  Ind.,  County  Superintendent. 
Marcus  B.  Allmond,   Millersville,  Md.,   Principal. 
W.  M.  Hensel,  Blissfield,  Mich.,  County  School  Commissioner. 
John  Clerkin,  Vernon,  Ind.,  County  Superintendent. 
Chas.  Coventry,  Linton,  N.  D.,  County  Superintendent. 
Hal  E.  Puffer,  Capron,  111.,  Principal. 
P.  H.  Casey,  Lynchburg,  Va. 
J.  F.  H.  Gorsuch,  Fort,  Md. 


L.  J.  Schott,  Naperville,  111. 
John  Keiser,  Jacksonville,  Fla. 
C.  A.  Jenkins,  Denver,  111. 
George  W.  Drury,  Forsyth,  111. 
Milo  A.  McClelland,  Knoxville,  111. 
H.  A.  Hazlett,  Dunlap,  Iowa. 
Charles  A.  Peterson,  Honolulu,  H.  I. 
Thomas  G.  Tibby,  Oakdale,  111. 
C.  A.  Neal,  New  Bedford,  Mass. 
Wm.  L.  Robins,  Washington,  D.  C. 


Studied  With  Us. 

George  Barrie,  Washington,  D.  C. 

E.  A.  Hoffman,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  State  Hospital. 
J.  H.  Davis,  Jeffersonville,  0. 

A.  Rliu,  Marion,  O. 

J.  B.  Woodhull,  N.  Bennington,  Vt. 

J.  P.  Elliott,  Boston,  Mass. 

W.  F.  Justus,  Industry,  111. 

C.  J.  Nutt,  Otley,  la. 

D.  M.  Easter,  Altoona,  Pa. 
John  Lawrence,  Baltimore,  Md. 
W^  Woodbridge,  Central  City,  la. 
W.  J.  Lau,  Baraga,  Mich. 

J.  N.  Barker,  Shelby,  O. 

F.  Detlefsen,  Chicago,  111. 

M.  T.  Beaman,  Douglas,  Kans. 

L.  Lazaro,  Washington,  La. 

George  S.  Hazard,  Hollis,  N.  H. 

Chas.  C.  Zacharie,  White  Plains,  N.  Y. 

L.  E.  Siegelstein. 

A.  Smyth. 

W.  A.  Daugherty,  Bucyrus,  O. 

J.  B.  Howe,  Ithaca,  N.  Y. 

A.  M.  Nicks,  Blunt,  Ark. 

W.  H.  Swartz,  Taylor,  Tex. 

Army  Officers. 

John  B.  Christian,  Cuba,  Lieut.  U.  S.  A. 

Geo.  P.  White,  Fort  Duchesne,  Utah,  Lieut.  U.  S. 

P.  St.  J.  Wilson,  Suffolk,  Va.,  Capt.  U.  S.  V. 

E.  L.  Swift,  Fort  Yates,  N.  D.,  Capt.  U.  S.  A. 
Frederick  E.  Stetson,  Fort  Sheridan,  111.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  A. 
Charles  C.  Jameson,  Watertown,  Mass.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  A. 
S.  M.  Foote,  Saxton's  River,  Vt.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  A. 

R.  B.  Bryan,  Fort  Wingate,  New  Mexico,  Lieut.  U.  S.  A. 

Henry  De  H.  Waite,  Toledo,  O.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  A.   (retired),  Capt. 

U.  S.  V. 
Thomas  E.  Rose,  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah,  Col.  U.  S.  A. 

G.  L.  McCrellis,  Hampton,  la.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  V. 

C.  McK.  Saltzman,  Fort  Reno,  O.  T.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  A. 
C.  W.  Cotton,  .Jacksonville,  Fla.,  Capt.  U.  S.  V. 
Will  M.  Hatch,  Battle  Creek,  Mich.,  Capt.  U.  S.  V. 


Studied  With  Us. 

Benj.  H.  Watkins,  Madison  Barracks,  N.  Y.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  A. 
H.  A.  Brown,  San  Juan,  P.  R.,  Chaplain  U.  S.  A. 
Walter  M.  Lindsay,  Philippine  Islands,  Lieut.  U.  S.  V. 
Daniel  G.  Berry,  Denver,  Colo.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  A. 
P.  A.  Murphy,  Scranton,  Pa.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  A. 
M.  D.  Cronin,  Plattsburg  Barracks,  N.  Y.,  Capt.  U.  S.  A. 
J.  B.  Morton,  Mare  Island,  Cal.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  N. 
W.   E.   Cadman,   Narcoossee,   Fla.,   Lieut.   Colonel  British  Army, 


This  list  does  not  include  employes  of  banks,  such  as  tellers, 
bookkeepers,  etc.,  of  whom  there  are  several  hundred. 
Burt  Fleming,  West  Lebanon,   Ind.,  Cashier  Farmers'  Bank. 
Daniel  P.  Wild,  Sycamore,  111.,  Daniel  Pierce  &  Co. 

A.  Beuthien,    New    Liberty,    la..    Cashier    New    Liberty    Savings 

T.  C.  Torrison,  Ute,  la..  Palmer  &  Torrison,  Bankers. 
Charles  H.  Hartung,  Van  Home,  la..  Cashier  Savings  Bank. 
Perry  M.  Thorn,  Hamburgh,  N.  Y.,  Cashier  The  People's  Bank  of 

C.  D.  Ryder,  Danbury,  Conn.,  Treasurer  Union  Savings  Bank. 
W.  A.  Watts,  Lowell,  Mich.,  Cashier  The  City  Bank. 
Guy  C.  Clary,  Clearmont,  Mo.,  Cashier  Jackson  Bank. 
Chas.  A.  Potter,  Nerstrand,  Minn.,  Cashier  Bank  of  Nerstrand. 

B.  D.  Bradley,  Ethel,  Mo.,  Cashier  Bank  of  Ethel. 

F.  B.  Myers,  Biwabik,  Minn.,  Cashier  Bank  of  Biwabik. 

Earl  R.  Conder,  Orleans,  Ind.,  Cashier  National  Bank  of  Orleans. 

E.  R.  Green,  Overton,  Neb.,  Cashier  Alfalfa  State  Bank. 

Nels  J.  Brevig,  Sacred  Heart,  Minn.,  Cashier  Citizens'  Bank. 

Ernst  Robyn,  Augusta,  Mo.,  Cashier  Bank  of  Augusta. 

Ray  Nyemaster,  Atalissa,  la.,  Cashier  Atalissa  Savings  Bank. 

Joseph    A.    Barousse,    Church    Point,    La.,    Cashier    Commercial 

Edw.  L.  Smith,  Hedrick,  la.,  Cashier  Hedrick  State  Bank. 
Geo.  W.  Harris,  Paulina,  la.,  Cashier  Farmers'  State  Bank. 
H.   B.   Hurd,    Walpole,    N.   H.,   Treasurer   The   Savings   Bank   of 


C.  J.   Carlson,  Cokato,   Minn.,  Cashier  Farmers'  and  Merchants' 

Owen  A.  Kimball,  Sunbury,  0.,  Cashier  The  Farmers'  Bank. 


Studied  With  Us. 

E.  B.  Page,  Leeds,  N.  Dak.,  President  First  National  Bank. 

W.  L.  Tooley,  Moulton,  Tex.,  W.  L.  Tooley  &  Co.,  Bankers. 

Geo.  W.  Wood,  Jr.,  Ralston,  Iowa,  Cashier  Bank  of  Ralston. 

Edward  C.  Rumph,  Miami,  Fla.,  Cashier  First  National  Bank. 

E.  R.  Hamer,  Dillon,  S.  Car.,  Cashier  People's  Bank. 

M.  M.  Watkins,  Dillon,  S.  Car.,  Asst.  Cashier  People's  Bank. 

J.  J.  Bowman,  Lake  City,  Ark.,  Cashier  Farmers'  &  Merchants' 

W.  M.  Clark,  Baldwin,  Kans.,  Cashier  Baldwin  State  Bank. 

J.  C.  Stovall,  Jameson,  Mo.,  Cashier  Bank  of  Jameson. 

J.  E.  Moore,  La  Crosse,  Wash.,  Cashier  First  Bank  of  La  Crosse. 

C.  R.  Bartlett,  Bruceton  Mills,  W.  Va.,  Cashier  Bruceton  Bank. 

J.  W.  Wilson,  Stramsburg,  Neb.,  President  Farmers'  and  Mer- 
chants' Bank. 

R.  F.  Warren,  Gutherie,  Ky.,  Cashier  Farmers'  &  Merchants' 

Officers   of  Private  Corporations. 

J.  B.  Crabtree,  Springfield,  Mass.,  First  Vice-President  King- 
Richardson  Publishing  Co. 

Jas.  A.  Panting,  Piano,  Ore.,  Vice-President  Burnt  River  Gold 
Mining  &  Milling  Co. 

Edw.  T.  Barden,  Houston,  Tex.,  Manager  Barden  Sheets  Electrical 
Construction   Co. 

A.  W.  Behrend,  Albion,  N.  Y.,  Secretary  Behrend  Manufacturing 


Thos.  Fairbairn,  Streator,  111.,  President  Acme  Coal  Co. 

John  P.  Clark,  Kingsburg,  Cal.,  Secretary  Centerville  &  Kings- 
burg  Irrigation  Ditch  Co. 

Wm.  J.  Byrnes,  Jr.,  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  Assistant  Secretary  Jesse 
Jones  Paper  Box  Co. 

Percy  Hord,  Crawfordsville,  Ind.,  Manager  Crawfordsville  Water 
&  Light  Co. 

B.  S.  Dunning,  Erie,  Pa.,  Manager  Dunning  Marble  &  Granite  Co. 

E.  B.  Ripley,  Unionville,  Conn.,  President  Ripley  Mnfg.  Co. 

H.  C.  Allen,  Trenton,  N.  J.,  Assistant  Secretary  N.  J.  Building, 
Loan  &  Investment  Co. 

F.  B.   Seymour,   Green  Bay,  Wis.,  Superintendent  Green  Bay  & 

Western  Railroad  Co. 
Schuyler    Duryee,    Everett,    Wash.,    General    Manager    Everett 
Land  Co. 


Studied  With  Us. 

A.    U.    Thomas,    Vernon,    Tex.,    Manager    Vernon    Water    Works, 

Electric  Light  &  Ice  Plants. 
J.  E.  Steinbeck,  Paso  Robles,  Cal.,  Manager  Banner  Mills,  Sperry 

Flour  Co. 
Paul  Roberts,  Ironton,  Ala.,  Secretary  Clifton  Iron  Co. 
T.  B.   McCargo,  Mount  Airy,  N.  C,  Trustee  Sparger  Bros.,  and 

Secretary-Treasurer  Granite  City  Land  &  Improvement  Co. 
Ervin  A.  Rice,  Chicago,  111.,  President  Ervin  A.  Rice  Co. 
C.  M.  Sames,  Rockford,  111.,  Superintendent  Peter  Sames. 
Elias  I.  Clifton,  Ames,   la..  Superintendent  and  Manager  Water 

and  Light  Dept.  City  of  Ames. 

E.  G.   Zellhoefer,   Des   Moines,    la..    Treasurer   Security   Loan   & 

Trust  Co. 
Norman  Belcher,  Lincoln,  Neb.,  Assistant  Cashier  Lincoln  Trac- 
tion Co. 

F.  B.  Spalding,  Denver,  Colo.,  Assistant  Secretary  International 

Trust  Co. 

J.  C.  Chaille,  Otwell,  Ind.,  Secretary  Otwell  Mill  Co. 

Charles  A.  Grubb,  Atlantic,  la..  Manager  Cass  Co.  Abstract  & 
Title  Ins.  Co. 

J.  E.  Melick,  Morristown,  N.  J.,  President  Whippany  River  Rail- 

L.  S.  Owen,  New  York,  N.  Y.,  Secretary  Crockery  Board  of  Trade. 

E.  J.  Cochrane,  New  York,  Superintendent  2d  Dist.  East  Div. 
Postal  Telegraph-Cable  Co. 

W.  R.  Graham,  Hatfield,  W.  Va.,  President  Mingo  Coal  &  Coke  Co. 

W.  E.  Lawrence,  North  Yakima,  Wash.,  Secretary  the  Moxee  Co. 

A.  L.  Rasmusen,  Postville,  la..  Secretary  Clermont  Valley  Cream- 
ery Co. 

Edson  E.  Marvin,  Findlay,  O.,  Secretary  Findlay  Water  Works. 

W.  H.  Hague,  Greensboro,  N.  C,  Secretary  and  Treasurer  The 
Hague-McCorkle  Dry  Goods  Co. 

G.  L.  Erhard,  Cheyenne,  Wyo.,  President  Slate  Creek  Mining  & 

Milling  Co. 

G.  W.  DeMuro,  Inverness,  Fla.,  Secretary  Florida  Orange,  Canal 
&  Transit  Co. 

E.  S.  Becker,  Forsyth,  Mont.,  Secretary  and  Treasurer  Alexander 
Mercantile  Co. 

C.  L.  Dixon,  Dobson,  W.  Va.,  Receiver  Roaring  Creek  &  Charles- 
ton R.  R.  Co. 

Geo.  C.  Baldwin,  Barton,  Vt.,  V.  P.  Percival  Mnfg,  Co. 


Studied  With  Us. 

Moreland  B.  Binford,  Crawfordsville,  Ind.,  Secretary  and  Treas- 
urer Crawfordsville  Casket  Co. 
Edgar  A.  Hall,  Chicago,  111.,  Secretary  Hanchett  Paper  Co. 
Chas.   H.   Mann,   Jacksonville,    Fla.,   Manager   Southern    Hide   & 

Skin   Co. 
Chas.  B.  Cooke,  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  President  J.  A.  Pozzoni  Pharmacal 

0.  B.  Bannister,  Muncie,  Ind.,  Secretary  Muncie  Wheel  Co. 
L.    C.    Fritch,    Washington,    Ind.,    President    Washington    Street 

Railway  Co. 
Thos.  M.   Field,  Kansas  City,   Mo.,   Secretary  Belle  Plaine  Gold 

Mining  Co. 
Chas.  S.  Morse,  Jennings,  La.,  Secretary  Jennings  Milling  Co. 
Robt.  W.  Shaw,  Galveston,  Tex.,  Secretary  Clark  &  Courts. 
E.  J.  Kahn,  Peoria,  111.,  Assistant  Secretary  Peoria  Steel  &  Iron 

Dell    M.   Potter,    Clifton,   Ariz.,    General   Manager   Arizona   Gold 

Mining  &  Milling  Co. 
Fred  H.  Foster,  Billings,  Mont.,  Secretary  Billings  Telephone  Co. 
H.  B.  Sullivan,  San  Francisco,  Cal.,  Secretary  Pacific  Axle  Co. 
Harry  A.  Soper,  Naugatuck,  Conn.,  Treasurer  Naugatuck  Lumber 

&  Coal  Co. 
Ernest    R.    Ackerman,    New    York,    N.    Y.,    President    Lawrence 

Cement  Co. 
James  A.  Panting,  Piano,  Ore.,  President  Raven  Gold  Mining  Co. 
J.    D.    Woodside,    Gainesville,    Ga.,    President    Gainesville    Cotton 

Oil  Co. 
Prof.  F.  J.  Baker,  Colorado  Springs,  Colo.,   President  The  Hart- 
ford  Mining  Co. 
James  L.  Bull,  Passaic,  N.  J.,  Asst.  Treas.  Passaic  Print  Works. 
Cassius   M.   Bailey,   Clinton,   S.   C,   Asst.   Treas.   Clinton   Cotton 

Dexter  M.  Ferry,  Jr.,  Detroit,  Mich.,  Treasurer  National  Pin  Co. 
W.  J.  Burke,  New  York  City,  N.  Y.,  Treasurer  American  Vitrified 

Conduit  Co. 
Geo.  L.  Barton,  Suffolk,  Va.,  General  Manager  Suffolk  &  Carolina 

Railway  Co. 
William  H.  Hayden,  Worcester,  Mass.,  Secretary  and  Treasurer 

J.  J.  Warren  Co. 
Arthur  Mackey,  Angels  Camp,  Cal.,  Manager  Cal.  Bonanza  Mine. 
W.  M.  Evered,  Duluth,  Minn.,  President  National  Iron  Co. 


Studied  With  Us. 

E.  E.  McFarland,  Vacaville,  Cal.,  Secretary  Premier  Oil  Co. 

Geo.  R.  Morrell,  Chicago,  111.,  Secretary  and  Treasurer  Inde- 
pendent Baking  Powder  Co. 

Walter  D.  Reynolds,  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  President  The  Common- 
wealth Provident  Association. 

C.  M.  Kella,  Houston,  Tex.,  Secretary  Empire  State  Oil.,  Coal  & 
Iron  Co. 

H.  R.  Wallace,  Las  Vegas,  N.  M.,  General  Manager  Las  Vegas  & 
Hot  Springs  Electric  Railway,  Light  and  Power  Company. 

Dr.  F.  H.  King,  Boulder,  Colo.,  President  Uts  Oil  &  Refining  Co. 

H.  P.  Gardner,  Washington,  D.  C,  Secretary  and  Treasurer 
Washington  Branch  Sanitarium. 

Marshall  Black,  Palo  Alto,  Cal.,  Secretary  Palo  Alto  Mutual 
Building  and  Loan  Association. 

Federal  Officeholders. 

Jas.  Henry  Booth,  Roseburg,  Ore.,  Receiver  U.  S.  Land  OflJce. 

J.  P.  Bridges,  Roseburg,  Ore.,  Register  U.  S.  Land  Office. 

T.  V.  Powderly,  Scranton,  Pa.,  Commissioner  of  Immigration. 

A.  L.  Aylesworth,  Muskogee,  Okla.,  Secretary  to  the  Commission 
to  the  Five  Tribes. 

Geo.  A.  Smith,  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah,  Receiver  Public  Moneys  for 

H.  F.  Bennett,  City  of  Mexico,  Mex.,  Private  Secretary  to  the 
Consul  General  of  the  United  States. 

Frank  M.  Eddy,  Glenwood,  Minn.,  Member  of  House  of  Repre- 
sentatives, United  States  Congress. 

Wilbur  T.  Gracey,  Fuchau,  China,  Vice-Consul  and  Marshal 
U.  S.  A. 

Wm.  T.  Hall,  Bath,  Me.,  Referee  in  Bankruptcy. 

Frederick  H.  Rand,  Jr.,  Miami,,  Fla.,  United  States  Commissioner. 

Fred  Cubberly,  Cedar  Keys,  Fla.,  Collector  of  Customs;  United 
States  District  Attorney. 


W.  F.  Bloebaum,  St.  Charles,  Mo. 
R.  W.  Putnam,  Paso  Robles,  Cal. 
S.  P.  Cadle,  Riverton,  la. 
M.  E.  Miskall,  East  Liverpool,  O. 
J.  F.  Callahan,  Casselton,  N.  D. 
C.  A.  Arner,  Wellington,  O. 
Chas.  B.  Smith,  Westville,  N.  J. 


Studied  With  Us. 

L.  W.  Richter,  Melrose  Park,  111. 

B.  F.  Griffin,  Escondldo,  Cal. 
Frank  E.  Doremus,  Portland,  Mich. 
W.  A.  Kelley,  Story  City,  la. 

R.  E.  Whitlock,  Roodhouse,  111. 

Floyd  Thompson,  Hope,  Ark. 

Joseph  L.  Page,  Niles,  N.  D. 

J.  I.  Carter,  Arlington,  Tex. 

Eri  Huggins,  Fort  Bragg,  Cal. 

Louis  O.  Fullen,  Carlsbad,  New  Mexico. 

C.  S.  Tremewan,  Rowland,  Nev. 

N.  H.  Brown,  East  Greenwich,  R.  I. 

S.  C.  Tidd,  Santa  Cruz,  P.  I. 

W.  D.  Cheek,  Corregidor  Island,  P.  I. 

W.  L.  Lemon,  North  Yakima,  Washington. 

Fraternal  Societies. 

W.  W.  Whitley,  Chatham,  111.,  Past  Sachem  Improved  Order  of 
Red  Men. 

Lillian  M.  Hollister,  Detroit,  Mich.,  Supreme  Commander  L.  0. 
T.  M.  of  the  World. 

Mrs.  Belle  Quinlan,  Galesburg,  111.,  ex-Supreme  Commander 
L.  O.  T.  M.  of  Illinois. 

Olof  Olson,  Willmar,  Minn.,  Grand  Recorder  A.  O.  U.  W.  Grand 
Lodge  of  Minnesota. 

C.  W.  Bollinger,  Henryville,  Ind.,  Camp  Clerk,  Camp  No.  3761, 
Modern  Woodmen  of  America. 

T.  W.  Reilly,  Oshkosh,  Wis.,  State  Secretary  Ancient  Order  of 

Jos.  Berkovitz,  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  Secretary  Austro-Hungarian 
Charity  Society. 

R.  E.  Moore,  Blacksburg,  Va.,  C.  O.  Allegheny  Lodge  No.  85, 
K.  of  P. 

W.  H.  Ramsey,  Handley,  W.  Va.,  State  Councilor  0.  U.  A.  M. 

C.  F.  Burgman,  San  Francisco,  Cal.,  Great  Chief  of  Records  Im- 
proved Order  of  Red  Men. 

John  F.  O'Brien,  Middletown,  Conn.,  Secretary  Catholic  Benevo- 
lent Legion. 

F.  M.  Rooney,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  R.  V.  Grand  Chancellor  College 
of  Ancients,  Supreme  Council  of  America. 


Studied  With  Us. 

Theodore  Davis,  Rush  Springs,  Okla.,  Rush  Springs  Lodge  No. 
30,  I.  0.  0.  F. 

James  W.  Merritt,  Columbus,  Pa.,  Secretary  Equitable  Aid  Union. 

T.  M.  Patterson,  Meadville,  Pa.,  Accountant  McDowell  Circle  No. 
232,  P.  H.  C. 

L.  H.  Veilleux,  Berlin,  N.  H.,  Secretary  Catholic  Order  of  For- 
esters, Berlin  Court  No.  345. 

W.  E.  Robinson,  Springfield,  111.,  Supreme  Recorder  Supreme 
Court  of  Honor,  P.  L.  B. 

W.  T.  De  Line,  Gettysburg,  S.  D.,  Financier  Gettysburg  Lodge, 
No.  35,  A.  O.  U.  W.;  Clerk  Gettysburg  Camp,  No.  3478,  M. 
W.  of  A. 

J.  J.  Varner,  Moran,  Kans.,  V.  C.  Morantown  Camp  No.  930,  M. 
W.  of  A. 

John  Marshall  Nye,  Phenix,  R.  I.,  Grand  Patron  Grand  Chapter 
O.  E.  S.  of  Rhode  Island. 

Floyd  A.  Hudgins,  Newport  News,  Va.,  Junior  Past  State  Coun- 
cilor, Junior  Order  American  Mechanics. 

W.  R.  Hensley,  Louisville,  Ky.,  Head  Consul,  Division  H,  Wood- 
men of  the  World. 

Albert  Schurr,  Newark,  N.  J.,  State  Dep.,  Head  Consul,  Modern 
Woodmen  of  America. 

H.  H.  Harlow,  Staunton,  Va.,  Grand  Patriarch  Grand  Encamp- 
ment of  Virginia,  I.  O.  O.  F. 

Frederick  M.  Tansing,  New  York,  N.  Y.,  Master  Charter  Oak 
Lodge,  No.  249,  F.  &  A.  M. 

Officers    ix    Political    Organizations. 

Frank  J.  Higgins,  Jersey  City,  N.  J.,  President  of  the  State  Re- 
publican League  and  Treasurer  of  the  National  League  of 
Republican  Clubs. 

Elmer  E.  Grinstead,  Ridgeway,  Mo..  President  Ridgeway  Central 
Republican  Club. 

Frank  E.  Wing,  Athol,  Mass.,  President  Athol  Republican  Club. 

C.  J.  Ahlstedt,  Newark,  N.  J.,  Second  Vice-President  McKinley 
Republican  Club. 

Chas.  A.  Fitzpatrick,  White  River  Junction,  Vt.,  President  Ver- 
mont Democratic  Club. 

Chas.  E.  Avery,  Missoula,  Mont.,  President  Republican  League 


Studied  With  Us. 
Labor  Organizations. 

W.  D.  Mahon,  Detroit,  Mich.,  President  Amalgamated  Associa- 
tion of  Street  Railway  Employes  of  America. 

C.  H.  Johnson,  Detroit,  Mich.,  Secretary-Treasurer  Detroit  Street 
Railway  Employes'  Association. 

M.  C.  Thornton,  Muncie,  Ind.,  Secretary  Muncie  Trades  Council. 

P.  J.  McKeone,  East  Liverpool,  0.,  Secretary  National  Brother- 
hood of  Operative  Potters. 

E.  H.  Leitch,  San  Jose,  Cal.,  Organizer  of  California  National 
Association  of  Postoffice  Clerks. 

Chas.  P.  Kelly,  New  York,  N.  Y.,  Secretary  National  Association 
of  Letter  Carriers. 

T.  V.  Powderly,  Scranton,  Pa.,  ex-Master  Workman  Knights  of 

Jas.  Reid,  Chicago,  111..  ex-President  Amalgamated  Sheet  Metal 
Workers'  Union. 

Eugene  L.  Harrison,  Brunswick,  Md.,  Sec.-Treas.  Brunswick 
Division  Order  of  R.  R.  Telegraphers. 

W.  J.  Maddock,  Canon  City,  Colo.,  President  Branch  No.  678  of 
National  Association  of  Letter  Carriers. 

Chas.  A.  Mast,  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  First  Vice-President  National  Alli- 
ance of  Theatrical  Stage  Employes. 

Luema  Green-Johnson,  Tacoma,  Wash.,  National  Organizer 
Knights  of  Labor. 

Jas.  D.  Walthall,  San  Antonio,  Tex.,  Secy.  Retail  Clerks'  Inter- 
national Protective  Association. 

Dan  McDonald,  Butte,  Mont.,  President  Western  Labor  Union. 

C.  L.  Bagley,  Los  Angeles,  Cal.,  Secretary  Musicians'  Mutual 
Protective  Association,  Local  No.  47. 

C.  W.  Smith,  San  Bernardino,  Cal.,  Secretary-Treasurer  Inter- 
national Association  of  Machinists,  District  Lodge  No.  41. 

Wm.  D.  Haywood,  Denver,  Colo.,  Secretary  Western  Federation 
of  Miners. 

Miscellaneous  Societies. 

J.  C.  Dresser,  Sorento,  111.,  Secretary  Sorento  Commercial  Club. 

J.  J.  Hauer,  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  Librarian  Young  Men's  Self-Culture 

L.  L.  Gilbert,  Montgomery,  Ala.,  Secretary  Commercial  and  In- 
dustrial Association. 


Stxjdikd  With  Us. 

J.  J.  Miller,  Spencervllle,  O.,  Secretary  Spencerville  Home  & 
Savings  Association. 

Geo.  H.  Simpson,  Columbus,  Mont.,  Secretary  Stillwater  Wool- 
growers'  Association. 

W.  S.  Huntsman,  Toledo,  O.,  President  The  Lincoln  Club. 

L.  O.  Emmerich,  Hazelton,  Pa.,  President  Associated  Wheelmen 
of  Hazelton  and  vicinity. 

Leon  Hornstein,  Chicago,  111.,  President  Master  Printers'  Asso- 

Prentiss  Maslin,  Sacramento,  Cal.,  Secretary  Cal.  Fruitgrowers' 
&  Shippers'  Association. 

W.  R.  Kennedy,  Lexington,  Va.,  President  State  Union  Y.  P.  S. 
C.  E. 

Sidney  Van  Dusen,  Pittsburgh,  Pa.,  Secretary  and  Treasurer 
American  Association  of  Traveling  Passenger  Agents. 

C.  A.  Ransom,  Albert  Lea,  Minn.,  Secretary  Freeborn  County 
Commercial  Union. 

Fred  L.  West,  Columbus,  Ohio,  W.  H.  Chapter  Alpha  Zeta. 

City  Officials. 

Harry  L.  Creswell,  Grand  Rapids,  Mich.,  ex-Clerk  Superior  Court. 

Jaret  J.  Chambers,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  Clerk  City  Hall  District 
Police  Court. 

Daniel  A.  Dugan,  Orange,  N.  J.,  City  Clerk. 

Eugene  Whiting,  Canton,  111.,  City  Clerk. 

G.  H.  Backman,  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah,  ex-City  Recorder. 

Patrick  J.  Duane,  Waltham,  Mass.,  ex-Alderman. 

W.  B.  Clarkson,  Jacksonville,  Fla.,  Member  of  Board  of  Public 

Victor  A.  Deeker,  Hawley,  Pa.,  Secretary  Borough  of  Hawley. 

J.  H.  Edwards,  Decatur,  Ala.,  City  Clerk. 

John  N.  Westberg,  Omaha,  Neb.,  City  Controller. 

George  A.  Baker,  West  Dennis,  Mass.,  Member  Board  of  Select- 

Hall  L.  Brooks,  Parrish,  Wis.,  Chairman  Town  of  Parrish. 

Jas.  Devine,  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah,  Chief  Engineer  Fire  Depart- 

Geo.  L.  Lusk,  West  Bay  City,  Mich.,  City  Recorder. 

Chas.  D.  Dow,  Brockton,  Mass.,  City  Assessor. 

Wm.  J.  Britton,  Wolfboro,  N.  H.,  Town  Clerk. 

F.  E.  Smith,  Marysville,  Cal.,  City  Clerk  and  Assessor. 


Studied  With  Us. 

Wm.  Augustus  Lee,  Beverly,  Mass.,  Clerk  Common  Council. 

Nelson  J.  Ayling,  Norwich,  Conn.,  Clerk  City  Court. 

W.  B.  LaBar,  Mankato,  Kans.,  City  Clerk. 

C.  H.  E.  Boardman,  Marshalltown,  la..  City  Attorney. 

T.  L.  Foote,  Nephi,  Utah,  City  Attorney. 

E.  W.  Howell,  Yreka,  Cal.,  City  Recorder. 

John  DeP.  Douw,  Annapolis,  Md.,  Alderman. 

J.  E.  Tolman,  Gloucester,  Mass.,  President  Common  Council. 

John  Stewart  Crawford,  Port  Huron,  Mich.,  Secretary  Board  of 

Water  Commissioners. 
Horace  H.  Smith,  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah,  City  Clerk. 
J.  M.  HufRngton,  Longview,  Tex.,  City  Attorney. 
W.  W.  Wyckoff,  York,  Neb.,  City  Attorney. 
Richard  Garvey,  St.  Joseph,  Mo.,  Alderman. 
Fred  O.  Thompson,  Pontiac,  Mich.,  City  Clerk. 
Frank  C.  Norton,  Burlington,  la.,  City  Auditor. 
W.  D.  Kinsey,  Bisbee,  Ariz.,  City  Clerk. 
Jay  B.  Green,  Hawkeye,  la.,  Town  Recorder. 
Wm.  Adgate  Lord,  Orange,  N.  J.,  City  Counselor. 
Frank  A.  Berry,  Wayne,  Neb.,  Attorney. 
John  A.  Sneddon,  Logan,  Utah,  City  Attorney. 
A.  C.  Lockwood,  Douglas,  Ariz.,  City  Attorney. 
Wm.  F.  Morris,  Pocahontas,  Va.,  City  Attorney. 

A.  V.  Rieke,  Fairfax,  Minn.,  City  Attorney. 


S.  C.  Huber,  Tama,  la. 

B.  L.  Eddy,  Tillamook,  Ore. 
Wilson  M.  Foulk,  Piedmont,  W.  Va. 
W.  S.  Spratt,  Richlands,  Va. 

Chas.  T.  MaGuire,  Alabama  City,  Ala. 

Dr.  O.  W.  Huff,  Mercur,  Utah. 

Page  P.  Sylvan,  Upper  Sandusky,  Ohio. 

E.  T.  Munea,  Whitehouse,  Ohio. 

Frank  P.  Newman,  Rutherford,  N.  J. 

S.  R.  Dobbs,  Ackerman,  Miss. 

E.  J.  Hudnall,  Pratt  City,  Ala. 

O.  U.  Walker,  Alliance,  Ohio. 

L.  J.  Davis,  Union,  Ore. 

Julian  P.  Kitchin,  Biltmore,  N.  C. 


Studied  With  Us. 

Chas.    W.    Carter,    Norwich,    Conn.,    Judge    of    Probate. 
Otto  J.  Trilling,  Sheboygan,  Wis.,  Judge  Municipal  Court. 
J.  L.  DeMars,  Columbia,  Tex.,  County  Judge. 
Harry  Keene,  St.  Joseph,  Mo.,  County  Judge. 
M.  0.  Aubolee,  Ely,  Minn.,  Judge  of  Municipal  Court. 
A.  F.  Stearns,  Roseburg,  Ore.,  County  Judge. 
P.  W.  Sweeney,  Walsenburg,  Colo.,  County  Judge. 
E.  M.  Zevely,  Linn.,  Mo.,  Judge  of  Probate. 
C.  H.  Chapman,  Sault  Ste.  Marie,  Mich.,  Judge  of  Probate. 
J.  P.  Angle,  Kansas  City,  Kans.,  Probate  Judge. 
Edw.  Isaacs,  Minnewaukan,  N.  D.,  County  Judge. 
J.  A.  Dewry,  Griffin,  Ga.,  Probate  Judge. 
Henry  Blickhahn,  Walsenburg,  Colo.,  County  Judge. 
Samuel  H.  Davis,  Plankinton,  S.  Dak.,  County  Judge. 
M.  I.  Church,  Caldwell,  Idaho,  Judge  of  Probate. 
C.  E.  Gustavus,  Madisonville,  Tex.,  County  Judge. 
Chas.  C.  Hagerty,  Bristol,  Mass.,  Special  Justice,  District  Court. 
W.  T.  Robinson,  Salmon,  Ida.,  Probate  Judge. 

Frank  M.  Calkins,  Ashland,  Ore.,  Circuit  Judge. 

Charles  T.  Wortham,  Napoleonville,  La.,  District  Judge. 

Tom  D.  McKeown,  Ada,  Okla.,  Judge  District  Court;  ex-chairman 
State  Board  of  Bar  Examiners. 

Cou>'TY  Officials. 

J.  H.  Hanna,  Vevay,  Ind.,  County  Recorder. 

Ed.  Wright,  Lewiston,  Mont.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

Lewis  E.  Magee,  Westville,  Miss.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

John  G.  McCord,  Williamsport,  Ind.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

J.  D.  Reese,  Hayneville,  Ala.,  County  Treasurer. 

W.  B.  Vail,  Darlington,  Wis.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

Harry  L.  Howard,  Walpole,  Miss.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

A.  W.  Jansen,  Ephraim,  Utah,  Clerk  District  Court. 

Ira  Fields,  Whitesburg,  Ky.,  County  Attorney. 

T.  J.  Torpie,  Nevada  City,  Nev.,  Public  Administrator. 

M.  H.  Woodward,  Louisville,  Miss.,  County  Treasurer. 

W.  H.  Book,  Roseau,  Minn.,  County  Surveyor. 

J.  C.  King,  Greenville,  Ala.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 
Walter  E.  Woodin,  Auburn,  N.  Y.,  Clerk  Surrogate  Court. 
Geo.  Morrison,  Clarksville,  Texas,  District  Clerk. 
P.  E.  Leonard,  Shell  Lake,  Wis.,  County  Clerk. 


Studied  With  Us. 

A.  S.  Geddes,  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah,  Chairman  County  Court. 

W.  B.  Boyd,  La  Plata,  Texas,  County  Clerk. 

Geo.  H.  Dodson,  Guthrie,  Okla.,  Register  of  Deeds. 

W.  H.  Favinger,  Green  Center,  Ind.,  Trustee  Green  Township. 

Loyal  J.  Miller,  Osborn,  Kans.,  Stenographer  Fifteenth  Judicial 

L.  F.  Ledgerwood,  Colville,  Wash.,  Clerk  Superior  Court. 

C.  G.  Mayson,  Columbia,  Miss.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

R.  R.  Starr,  Cambridge,  Minn.,  Clerk  of  Court. 

J.  A.  Pierce,  Mountain  City,  Tenn.,  County  Clerk. 

E.  Frank  Sayre,  Fort  Benton,  Mont.,  County  Clerk. 

S.  B.   Dobbs,  Chester,  Miss.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

R.  B.  McDermot,  Coshocton,  Ohio,  Clerk  of  Courts. 

W.  T.  Mullarky,  Red  Lake  Falls,  Minn.,  County  Auditor. 

J.  E.  Thackrey,  Valentine,  Neb.,  County  Treasurer. 

Clyde  J.  Pryor,  Glencoe,  Minn.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

Wilbur  F.  Beach,  Sand  Beach,  Mich.,  Official  Stenographer  Cir- 
cuit Court. 

William  Held,  Jr.,  Ukiah,  Cal.,  Official  Stenographer  Superior 

John  F.  Kelton,  Oneonta,  Ala.,  Register  in  Chancery. 

J.  R.  Thorne,  Olathe,  Kans.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

I.  G.  Zumwalt,  Colusa,  Cal.,  District  Attorney. 

E.  H.  Hoar,  Merced,  Cal.,  District  Attorney. 

Ben  W.  Ware,  Hudson,  Mich.,  Township  Clerk. 

Elmer  Grimmer,  Marinette,  Wis.,  County  Clerk. 

E.  F.  Dithmar,  Baraboo,  Wis.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

J.  E.  Ganger,  La  Junta,  Colo.,  County  Clerk  and  Recorder. 

Josiah  Shull,  Phillipsburg,  Mont.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

Fred  L.  Warner,  Redwood  Falls,  Minn.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

Chas.  C.  Brant,  Nebraska  City,  Neb.,  Register  of  Deeds. 

Fred  H.  Orr,  Caro,  Mich.,  County  Clerk. 

W.  T.  Davis,  Pineville,  Ky.,  Clerk  County  Court. 

E.  T.  Mason,  Meadville,  Pa.,  Prothonotary. 

Guy  F.  Ellett,  Christianburg,  Va.,  Clerk  County  Court. 

Geo.  A.  Deakyne,  Denton,  Md.,  County  Treasurer. 

Ben.  R.  Gray,  Hailey,  Idaho,  Sheriff. 

W.  H.  H.  Dickinson,  Missoula,  Mont.,  County  Clerk. 

Frank  Johnson,  Atwood,  Kans.,  County  Clerk. 

Wm.  Holder,  Moro,  Ore.,  Sheriff. 

E.  B.  Hill,  Menominee,  Wis.,  County  Treasurer. 


Studied  With  Us. 

F.  D.  Ford,  Ellsworth,  Wis.,  County  Clerk. 

L.  E.  Magee,  Westville,  Miss.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

C.  A.  Rudel,  Peoria,  111.,  County  Clerk. 

J.  W.  Cobb,  Charlotte,  N.  C,  Register  of  Deeds. 

James  A.  Gibson,  St.  Joseph,  Mo.,  Public  Administrator. 

I.  W.  Keerl,  Mason  City,  la.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

W.  W.  Kimball,  Oshkosh,  Wis.,  Clerk  of  Courts. 

Frank  J.  Higgins,  Jersey  City,  N.  J.,  Clerk  Criminal  Courts. 

Wm.  A.  Lord,  Orange,  N.  J.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

F.  E.  Gordon,  Nevada,  Mo.,  Public  Administrator. 

Robert  H.  Shields,  Houghton,  Mich.,  County  Clerk. 

Wm.  F.  Johnston,  Roscommon,  Mich.,  County  Clerk. 

R.  H.  McKaig,  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah,  County  Recorder. 

H.  H.  Stewart,  West  Superior,  Wis.,  County  Treasurer. 

M.  D.  Long,  O'Neill,  Neb.,  ex-County  Clerk. 

C.  C.  Ausherman,  Frederick,  Md.,  County  Commissioner. 

F.  W.  Mettler,  Fort  Benton,  Mont.,  Official  Stenographer. 

H.  P.  McPherson,  Kansas  City,  Kans.,  ex-Clerk  Probate  Court. 

A.  D.  Mclntyre,  Wetmore,  Mich.,  County  Treasurer. 

John  Olson,  Two  Harbors,  Minn.,  County  Auditor. 

Ole  T.  Rikansrud,  Clarion,  la.,  County  Recorder. 

Walter  D.  H.  Hill,  Ossipee,  N.  H.,  Register  Probate  Court. 

W.  S.  Metcalf,  Flandreau,  S.  D„  Clerk  of  Courts. 

A.  T.  McAusland,  Miles  City,  Mont.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

Fred  Ffaender,  New  Ulm,  Minn.,  Register  of  Deeds. 

O.  E.  Winton,  Richland  Center,  Wis.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

W.  C.  McFadden,  Fargo,  N.  D.,  County  Treasurer. 

H.  W.  Brewer,  Lakeport,  Cal.,  County  Clerk. 

S.  G.  Smith,  Albany,  Ky.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

E.  D.  Brown,  Grafton,  N.  D.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

H.  H.  Chappell,  Independence,  la.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

Fred  W.  Schlechter,  Fessenden,  N.  D.,  County  Auditor. 

Wm.  A.  Ross,  Marquette,  Mich.,  County  Clerk. 

John  R.  Arnold,  Evanston,  Wyo.,  County  Treasurer. 

W.  D.  Livingston,  Manti,  Utah,  County  Recorder. 

O.  G.  Dale,  Madison,  Minn.,  County  Auditor. 

W.  J.  Jameson,  Butte,  Mont.,  Public  Administrator. 

Daniel  Reid,  Hurley,  WMs.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

J.  W.  Sammon,  Evanston,  Wyo.,  County  Clerk. 

Adrain  S.  Brown,  Pasco,  Wash.,  County  Clerk. 

H.  W.  Breuer,  Lakeport,  Cal.,  County  Clerk. 



Studied  With  Us. 

James  Newell,  Kimball,  Neb.,  County  Commissioner. 
C.  O.  Orrick,  Oakville,  Tex.,  District  Clerk. 

B.  A.  Cady,  Birnamwood,  Wis.,  District  Attorney. 
Lilburn  Phelps,  Jamestown,  Ky.,  County  Attorney. 
G.  S.  Green,  Hawthorne,  Nev.,  District  Attorney. 
Jas.  G.  Kress,  Ithaca,  Mich.,  County  Clerk. 

John  A.  Tyson,  Macon,  Miss.,  Clerk  Chancery  Court. 
Geo.  P.  Swanson,  Tuscumbia,  Mo.,  County  Treasurer. 
W.  H.  C.  McKesson,  Texline,  Tex.,  County  Attorney. 
J.   E.   Florin,  Menominee,   Wis.,   District  Attorney. 
Chas.  M.  Myers,  Coldwater,  Kans.,  County  Attorney. 

C.  F.  Sanders,  Franklin,  Ky.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 
Ole  N.  Olson,  Menominee,  Wis.,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 
Alma  B.  Hill,  Menominee,  Wis.,  County  Treasurer. 
Harry  L.  Howard,  Walpole,  Mass.,  Clerk  District  Court. 
L.  J.  Spencer,  Warsaw,  Ky.,  County  Clerk. 

H.  A.  Chamberlain,  Standish,  Mich.,  Register  of  Deeds. 

E.  W.  Pfeiffer,  Cripple  Creek,  Colo.,  Chairman  Board  of  County 

Commissioners,  and  Superintendent  of  Poor. 
James  H.  Sinclair,  Cooperstown,  N.  D.,  Register  of  Deeds. 
George  B.  Jones,  Lebanon,   Ind.,  County  Surveyor. 
G.   F.   Wyvell,   Glenwood,   Minn.,   Official    Stenographer    District 

John  A.  Mark,  Tawas,  Mich.,  County  Clerk. 
J.  A.  Currie,  Jr.,  Bondera,  Tex.,  County  Clerk. 
Allen  M.  Seitz,  York,  Pa.,  Prothonotary. 
Ernest  A.  Curtis,  Fowler,  Ind.,  Prosecuting  Attorney. 
Geo.  T.  Ingham,  Towanda,  Pa.,  Recorder  of  Deeds. 
Glenn  J.  Lawless,  Ionia,  Mich.,  County  Clerk. 
Arthur  L.  Putnam,  Newcastle,  Wyo.,  County  Clerk. 
W.  S.  Wilson,  Hardin,  111.,  Circuit  Court. 
C.  R.  Graves,  Osage,  la..  County  Clerk. 
Elmer  R.  McPhee,  Newberry,  Mich.,  County  Clerk. 
Arthur  Bradt,  Pagosa  Springs,  Colo.,  Sheriff. 
L.  L.  Raymond,  Scottsbluff,  Neb.,  County  Attorney. 
John  B.  Doolin,  Alva,  Okla.,  Register  of  Deeds. 
C.  R.  Watson,  Rawlins,  Wyo.,  Clerk  District  Court. 
K.  H.  Rice,  Neligh,  Neb.,  Clerk  District  Court. 
E.  A.  Weimer,  Oakland,  Md.,  County  Treasurer. 
W.  Harry  Gooding,  Gaffney,  S.  C,  County  Treasurer. 
C.  A.  Oppenborn,  Alpena,  Mich.,  County  Treasurer. 


Studied  With  Us. 

J.  M.  Horger,  Newton,  Tex.,  County  Clerk. 

H.  C.  Duff,  Phillipsburg,  Kan.,  Clerk  District  Court. 

D.  S.  Dickinson,  Ely,  Nev.,  County  Clerk  District  Court. 

R.  M.  McCracken,  Blackfoot,  Ida.,  County  Attorney. 

W.  H.  Haw,  Eureka,  Cal.,  County  Clerk. 

Otto  T.  Williams,  Elko,  Nev.,  District  Attorney. 

Alfred  R.  Peaks,  Foxcroft,  Me.,  Register  of  Probate. 

A,  A.  Kirby,  Pomeroy,  Wash.,  Clerk  of  Courts. 

J.  N.  Gayner,  Litchfield,  Minn.,  County  Auditor. 

Jere  C.  Dennis,  Dadeville,  Ala.,  County  Treasurer. 

George  Peterson,  Pembina,  N.  D.,  Clerk  of  Courts. 

Charles  D.  Smith,  Parsons,  W.  Va.,  Prosecuting  Attorney. 

Charles  E.  Foxley,  Brigham,  Utah,  County  Attorney. 

Harris  E.  Galpin,  Muskegon,  Mich.,  Prosecuting  Attorney. 

Philip  L.  Rice,  Lihue,  Kauai,  Hawaii,  Clerk  Circuit  Court. 

State  Officials. 

Wm.  M.  O.  Dawson,  Charleston,  W.  Va.,  Governor  of  West  Vir- 

Herbert  S.  Clough,  Manchester,  N.  H.,  Member  New  Hampshire 

Robt.  G.  Steel,  Lansing,  Mich.,  Dept.  State  Treasurer. 

D.  B.  Garrison,  Olympia,  Wash.,  Dept.  State  Auditor. 

G.  R.  Hebard,  Laramie,  Wyo.,  Librarian  State  University. 
J.  N.  Janeway,  Colfax,  Wash.,  Dept.  State  Treasurer. 
Geo.  D.  Evans,  Olympia,  Wash.,  Dept.  State  Auditor. 
A.  O.  Nichols,  Guthrie,  Okla.,  Assistant  Supt.  of  Public  Instruc- 
Robt.  C.  Morris,  Cheyenne,  Wyo.,  Clerk  Supreme  Court. 

E.  A.  Curtis,  Grant  Park,  111.,  Treasurer  Illinois  Eastern  Hospital 

for  the  Insane. 

J.  C.  Otts,  Spartanburg,  S.  C,  Member  South  Carolina  Legislature. 

J.  H.  Merfill,  Carbondale,  Colo.,  Member  Colorado  Legislature. 

Henry  G.  Rickerts,  Helena,  Mont.,  Clerk  Supreme  Court. 

W.  E.  Stone,  Lincoln,  111.,  Supervisor  Illinois  Asylum  for  Feeble 

Edward  K.  Graham,  Chapel  Hill,  N.  C,  Librarian  State  Uni- 

R.  C.  Barrett,  Des  Moines,  Iowa,  Supt.  Public  Instruction. 

C.  G.  AUyn,  Turnerville,  Conn.,  Member  State  Legislature. 


Studied  With  Us. 

John  H.  Lewis,  Winans,  S.  D.,  Member  State  Legislature. 

Wm.  L.  Nelson,  Bunceton,  Mo.,  Member  State  Legislature. 

R.  Hudson  Burr,  Tallahassee,  Fla.,  Member  of  State  R.  R.  Com- 

J.  B.  Thoburn,  Guthrie,  Okla.,  Secretary  State  Board  of  Agri- 

S.  E.  Smalley,  Cuba  City,  Wis.,  Member  of  State  Legislature. 

E.  Howard  Gilkey,  Columbus,  Ohio,  Marshal  and  Librarian  Su- 
preme Court  of  Ohio. 

Wm.  Adgate  Lord,  Orange,  N.  J.,  Member  State  Legislature,  1903. 

Lawrence  De  Graff,  Des  Moines,  la..  Assistant  Attorney  General. 

George  F.  Wombacher,  Mascoutah,  111.,  Member  Legislature. 

A.  V.  Ricke,  Fairfax,  Minn.,  State  Senator. 

J.  A.  Williams,  Gainesville,  Fla.,  State  Senator. 



The  Sprague   Correspondence  School  of  Law. 


(The  members  of  the  Staff  conduct  the  Modern 
American  Law  Course  and  Service.) 

William  C.  Wekmuth,  M.S.,  LL.B. 

Secretary,  Blackstone  Institute;  graduate  of  Northwestern 
University  Schools  of  Liberal  Arts  and  Law;  for  several  years 
an  attorney  for  the  Legal  Aid  Society,  thereafter  practicing  at 
the  Chicago  Bar;  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association;  ad- 
mited  to  bar  of  United  States  Supreme  Court;  former  lecturer, 
Law  of  Illinois  Contracts,  Northwestern  University  Law  School; 
contributor  to  legal  and  medical  periodicals;  author  of  "Law  of 
Contracts"  in  Modern  American  Law;  associate  editor  of 
Modern  American  Law. 

Arthur  L.  Sanborn,  LL.B. 

Judge,  United  States  District  Court,  Western  District  of  Wis- 
consin; graduate  of  University  of  Wisconsin;  former  Register  of 
Deeds,  Walworth  County,  Wisconsin;  former  member  of  the  fac- 
ulty, University  of  Wisconsin  Law  School;  former  member  of 
Board  of  Law  Examiners,  Wisconsin;  editor.  Supplement  to  Wis- 
consin Statutes,  1883,  Wisconsin  Statutes,  1898,  and  Wisconsin 
Supplement,  1906;  author  of  the  treatise  on  "Courts— Federal  and 
State"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Eugene  Allen  Gilmore,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Wisconsin;  graduate  of  Har- 
vard University;    author  of   "The   Law  of  Partnership";    editor 



of  "Cases  on  Partnership";  contributor  to  legal  periodicals; 
author  of  "Law  on  Partnerships"  in  Modern  American  Law,  and 
Editor-in-Chief  of  Modern  American  Law. 

Russell  Whitman,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Member  of  the  Chicago  Bar;  graduate  of  Harvard  Univer- 
sity; member  of  Illinois  and  Massachusetts  Bar;  former  member 
of  the  State  Board  of  Law  Examiners,  Illinois. 

Griffith  Ogden  Ellis,  LL.B. 

Educated  at  Urbana  University,  Urbana,  Ohio,  and  the  Uni- 
versity of  Michigan,  graduating  from  the  Law  Department  of 
the  latter;  was  President  and  Principal  of  The  Sprague  Cor- 
respondence School  of  Law,  editor-in-chief  of  "The  American 
Legal  News"  and  of  "The  Law  Student's  Helper,"  and  author 
of  lectures  and  books  for  law  students. 

Leo  Geeendlinger,  M.C.S.,  C.P.A. 

Educated  in  Royal  Commercial  College  of  Austria  and  in  New 
York  University  School  of  Commerce,  Accounts  and  Finance; 
practicing  accountant;  formerly  a  member  of  the  Accounting 
Faculty  of  New  York  University;  formerly  editor  of  the  C.  P.  A. 
Question  Department  of  The  Journal  of  Accountancy;  Treasurer 
of  the  Alexander  Hamilton  Institute;  author  of  "Accountancy 
Problems,"  "Graded  Accounting  Problems,"  and  co-author  of 
"Accounting  Practice"  in  the  Modern  Business  Series. 

Oliver  A.  Haeker,  A.M.,  LL.D. 

Dean  and  Professor  of  Law,  College  of  Law,  University  of  Illi- 
nois; graduate  of  McKendree  College;  received  degree  of  LL.D. 
from  Knox  College;  counsel  for  University  of  Illinois;  former 
Judge,  Appellate  Court  of  Illinois;  author  of  "Law  of  Attach- 
ments and  Garnishments"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

William  N.  Gemmill,  Ph.B.,  LL.B.,  LL.D. 

Judge,  Municipal  Court,  Chicago;  graduate  of  Cornell  Univer- 
sity and  of  Northwestern  University;  former  President,  Illinois 
Branch,  American  Institute  of  Criminal  Law  and  Criminology; 


contributor  to  numerous  legal  periodicals,  including  Illinois  Law 
Review,  North  American  Law  Review,  Journal  of  Criminal  Law 
and  Criminology;  author  of  "Practice  in  Civil  Actions"  in  Mod- 
ern American  Law. 

William  Hoynes,  LL.D.,  K.S.C. 

Dean,  College  of  Law,  Notre  Dame  University;  graduate  of 
the  University  of  Michigan  and  University  of  Notre  Dame;  for- 
mer newspaper  editor;  contributor  to  legal  and  lay  magazines. 

Geoege  G,  Bogert,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Assistant  Professor  of  Law,  Cornell  University;  graduate  of 
Cornell  University;  member  of  the  New  York  Bar;  author  of 
"Sale  of  Goods  in  New  York,"  and  of  "Law  of  Trusts"  in  Modern 
American  Law. 

Heebeet  F.  DeBowee,  LL.B. 

Educated  in  the  University  of  Wisconsin;  practiced  law  for 
two  years;  engaged  in  selling  specialties  for  a  number  of  years; 
since  1911  Vice-President  of  the  Alexander  Hamilton  Institute; 
also  director  of  various  business  corporations;  author  of  "The 
Art  of  Salesmanship,"  and  co-author  of  the  treatise  on  "Sales- 
manship" in  the  Modern  Business  Series;  President  of  the  Black- 
stone  Institute. 

William  G.  Hale,  B.S.,  LL.B. 

Secretary  and  Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Illinois;  gradU' 
ate  of  Pacific  University  and  of  Harvard  University;  Treasurer, 
Illinois  Branch,  American  Institute  of  Criminal  Law  and  Crimin- 
ology; former  practicing  member  of  the  Oregon  Bar;  author  of 
"Negotiable  Instruments"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

John  G.  Campbell,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Member  of  the  Chicago  Bar;  graduate  of  University  of  To- 
ronto and  of  Lake  Forest  University;  member  of  Committee  on 
Grievances,  Chicago  Bar  Association. 

Feancis  L.  Haewood,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Member  of  the  Chicago  Bar;  graduate  of  Northwestern  Uni- 
versity Schools  of  Liberal  Arts  and  Law;  Editor  of  "Forms"  in 
Modern  American  Law. 

152  blackstone  institute 

Arthur  M.  Harris. 

Member  of  Seattle  Bar;  educated  in  England;  special  student 
Law  School,  University  of  Washington,  Seattle;  author  of  "Let- 
ters to  a  Young  Lawyer,"  "Justice's  Guide  to  the  State  of  Wash- 
ington," and  of  many  law  stories. 

Edgar  A.  Jonas,  Lit.B.,  LL.B. 

Member  of  the  Chicago  Bar;  graduate  of  Chicago  Seminar  of 
Sciences  and  of  Chicago  Law  School;  member  of  the  Chicago 
Bar  Association;   author  of  various  legal  articles. 


(The  Special  Lecturers  prepare  written  lectures 
for  the  Modern  American  Law  Course  and  Service 
on  topics  of  current  business  and  legal  interest.) 

Hon.  Paul  S.  Reinsch,  A.B.,  Ph.D.,  LL.B. 

United  States  Minister  to  China;  former  Professor  of  Law, 
University  of  Wisconsin;  author  of  "International  Law"  in  Mod- 
ern American  Law. 

Hon.  William  C.  Fitts. 

Born  Tuscaloosa,  Alabama,  January  30,  1869;  educated  at 
Southwestern  Presbyterian  University,  Clarksville,  Tennessee, 
and  at  University  of  the  South,  Sewanee,  Tennessee,  and  studied 
law  at  University  of  Alabama;  elected  Attorney  General  of  Ala- 
bama in  1894 — re-elected  in  1896;  Delegate  to  Constitutional  Con- 
vention, 1901;  appointed  in  1914  special  assistant  to  Attorney 
General  of  United  States  in  charge  of  enforcement  of  Anti-Trust 

Bruce  Wyman,  A.M.,  LL.B. 

Formerly  Professor  of  Law,  Harvard  University;  graduate  of 
Harvard  University;  now  in  consulting  practice  as  member  of 
the  Massachusetts  Bar;  sometime  lecturer.  Law  School,  Univer- 
sity of  Chicago;  counsel  in  the  investigation  by  the  Department 
of  Public  Utilities  of  the  National  Civic  Federation;  once  special 
attorney  for  the  Directors  of  the  Port  of  Boston;   later,  consult- 


ing  counsel  in  commerce  litigation  for  the  New  York,  New  Haven 
and  Hartford  Railroad  System;  author  of  "Railroad  Rate  Regu- 
lation," "Public  Service  Corporations,"  "Administrative  Law," 
"Control  of  the  Market,"  editor  of  "Cases  on  Public  Service  Com- 
panies," "Cases  on  Mortgages";  author  of  "Law  of  Public  Service 
Companies — Especially  Carriers,"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Edgar  Addison  Bancroft,  A.M.,  LL.B. 

General  Counsel  International  Harvester  Co.  since  1907;  born 
at  Galesburg,  Illinois,  November  20,  1857;  graduate  of  Knox  Col- 
lege, and  Columbia  University;  solicitor  for  Illinois  of  the  A.  T. 
&  S.  F.  R.  R.  Co.,  1892-5;  vice-president  and  general  solicitor 
of  the  Chicago  &  Western  Indiana  R.  R.  and  the  Belt  Ry.  Co., 
1895-1904;  Republican  presidential  elector,  1888;  President  of  the 
Illinois  Bar  Association  in  1910;  ex-President  Chicago  Bar  Asso- 
ciation; author  of  "The  Chicago  Strike  of  1894,  1895,"  and  "The 
Moral  Sentiment  of  the  People,  the  Foundation  of  National  Great- 
ness,  1896";  member  of  firm  of  Scott,  Bancroft  &  Stephens. 

Henry  H.  Ingersoll,  M.A.,  LL.D.* 

Former  Dean,  College  of  Law,  University  of  Tennessee;  gradu- 
ate of  Yale  College  and  of  Washington  College;  former  Super- 
intendent, Public  Schools,  Canton,  Ohio;  former  Judge,  Supreme 
Court  of  Tennessee;  ex-President,  Tennessee  Bar  Association; 
editor,  "Barton's  Suits  in  Equity";  author  of  "Law  of  Municipal 
Corporations"  in  Cyc,  "Public  Corporations"  (Hornbook);  and 
author  of  "Law  of  Municipal  Corporations"  in  Modern  American 

Hon.  John  Lawson  Burnett,  M.C. 

Congressman;  born  at  Cedar  Bluff,  Alabama,  January  20,  1854; 
studied  law  at  Vanderbilt  University;  admitted  to  bar  in  1876; 
now  in  practice  at  Gadsden,  Alabama;  member  Alabama  House 
of  Representatives,  1884;  Senate,  1886;  member  56th  to  63rd  Con- 
gress (1899-1915);  re-elected  to  64th  Congress  (1915-1917),  7th 
Alabama  District;  Chairman  Committee  on  Immigration  and  Nat- 
uralization;  Member  U.  S.  Immigration  Commission,  1901—. 

William  Carey  Jones,  M.A. 

Director  and  Professor,  School  of  Jurisprudence,  University  of 
California;  graduate  of  University  of  California;   one-time  Asso- 
*Deceased,  April,  1915. 


ciate  Professor  of  History  and  Instructor  in  Latin,  University  of 
California;  author  of  various  treatises,  including  "History  of 
University  of  California"  and  of  "Introduction,"  Parts  I,  VII, 
and  VIII,  of  ''Law  of  Torts"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Philip  Nichols,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Of  the  Boston  Bar;  member  of  the  firm  of  Hudson  &  Nichols; 
graduate  of  Harvard  University;  one  time  Assistant  Corporation 
Counsel  of  Boston;  author  of  "Land  Damages  in  Massachusetts," 
"Power  of  Eminent  Domain,"  "Taxation  in  Massachusetts,"  and 
of  the  treatises  "Taxation"  and  "Eminent  Domain"  in  Modern 
American  Law. 

Lawrence  Chamberlain,  B.A.,  M.A. 

Banker;  also  Staff  Lecturer  on  Finance  at  New  York  Univer- 
sity; occasional  lecturer  on  Finance,  Dartmouth  University  of 
Pennsylvania;  born  October  10,  1878;  graduate  of  Yale  Univer- 
sity; author  of  "The  Principles  of  Bond  Investment,"  also  of 
"The  Work  of  the  Bond  House,"  and  contributor  to  numerous 
financial  magazines  and  other  periodicals. 

James  L.  Hopkins,  LL.B. 

Member  of  the  St.  Louis  Bar;  graduate  of  Washington  Uni- 
versity; former  special  patent  counsel,  city  and  county  of  San 
Francisco;  author  of  "Unfair  Trade,"  "Patents,"  "Trademarks"; 
editor  of  "Judicial  Code,"  "Equity  Rules";  author  of  "Banks, 
Banking  and  Trust  Companies"  and  "Law  of  Unfair  Competition 
and  Good  Will"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Arthur  W.  Blakemore,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Of  the  Boston  Bar;  graduate  of  Harvard  University;  author 
of  "Inheritance  Taxes,"  "Grade  Crossings  in  Massachusetts"; 
editor  of  "Wood  on  Evidence,"  "Loveland  on  Bankruptcy,"  "Gould 
and  Blakemore  on  Bankruptcy,"  "Massachusetts  Court  Rules 
Annotated,"  "Ballard  on  Real  Property"  (Volumes  XI  and  XII); 
author  of  "Law  of  Real  Property"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

William  L.  Burdick,  Ph.D.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Kansas;  graduate  of  Wesleyan 
University  and  of  Yale  University;  editor  of  case-book  on  "Sales," 
and  case-book  on  "Real  Property";  author  of  "Elements  of  Sales," 


"New  Trials  and  Appeals,"  and  "Real  Property";  contributor  to 
Cyc.  and  Standard  Encyclopedia  of  Procedure;  author  of  "Law  of 
Criminal  Procedure"  and  "Landlord  and  Tenant"  in  Modern 
American  Law. 

William  L.  Symons,  LL.M.,  M.P.L. 

Examiner,  United  States  Patent  Office;  Lecturer  on  Unfair 
Competition,  Trademarks  and  Copyrights,  Washington  College  of 
Law;  former  member  Board  of  Pension  Appeals  under  the  Sec- 
retary of  the  Interior;  member  of  the  bar  of  the  District  of 
Columbia;  author  of  "Law  of  Patents  for  Designs,"  "Copyright  of 
Prints  and  Labels";  contributor  to  legal  and  scientific  periodicals 
and  author  of  "Copyrights"  and  "Trademarks"  in  Modern  Ameri- 
can Law. 

George  F.  Tucker,  A.B.,  Ph.D.,  LL.B. 

Member  of  the  Boston  Bar;  graduate  of  Brown  and  of  Boston 
University  Law  School;  former  member  of  the  Massachusetts 
Legislature;  former  reporter  of  Supreme  Court  of  Massachusetts; 
author,  "Testamentary  Forms  and  Notes,"  "Manual  of  Massa- 
chusetts Corporations";  joint  author  with  Dr.  Wilson  of  Harvard 
University  of  "International  Law";  author  of  "Law  of  Naturaliza- 
tion" in  Modern  American  Law. 

Harvey  N.  Shepard,  A.B. 

Member  of  the  Boston  Bar;  graduate  of  Harvard  University; 
lecturer,  School  of  Law,  Boston  University;  one  time  first  As- 
sistant Attorney  General  of  the  Commonwealth  of  Massachusetts; 
has  been  President  of  Boston  Citj'^  Council,  and  is  now  a  member 
of  the  Civil  Service  Commission  of  the  Commonwealth;  author 
of  "Extraordinary  Remedies"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

George  F.  Wells,  LL.B.,  LL.D. 

Dean,  College  of  Law,  University  of  North  Dakota;  former 
Acting  Dean,  College  of  Law,  West  Virginia  University;  gradu- 
ate of  the  University  of  Michigan;  formerly  of  the  Law  Depart- 
ment of  St.  John's  University,  Toledo;  author  of  "Medical  Juris- 
prudence" and  "Torts — Miscellaneous,"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

T.  J.  Moll,  Ph.B.,  LL.B. 

Judge,  Superior  Court,  Indiana;  Dean,  Benjamin  Harrison 
Law    School;    graduate   of   DePauw   University    and    of   Cornell 


University;  former  Dean  of  Indianapolis  College  of  Law;  author 
of  "Independent  Contractors";  editor  of  Volume  Two,  "Business 
of  Insurance";  compiler  of  "Contract  Forms"  in  "Elliott  on  Con- 
tracts"; author  of  "Law  of  Fellow-Servant  and  Compensation" 
and  "Law  of  Receivers"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Edwin  Maxey,  D.C.L.,  LL.D. 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Nebraska;  author  of  "Inter- 
national Law,"  "Conflict  of  Laws;"  and  author  of  "Public  Officers 
and  Elections"  in  Modern  American  Law. 


(The  editors  and  a  number  of  the  authors  of 
Modern  American  Law  are  also  members  of  the 
Staff.  Some  of  the  authors  are  also  Special  Lec- 

EuGEXE  Allen  Gilmoke,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

(See  Staff.) 

William  C.  Wermuth,  M.S.,  LL.B. 

(See  Staff.) 

John  B.  Winslow,  A.B.,  LL.D. 

Chief  Justice,  Supreme  Court  of  Wisconsin;  former  President 
American  Institute  of  Criminal  Law  and  Criminology;  author  of 
"History  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Wisconsin";  editor  "Legal 
Forms,"  and  author  of  "The  Modern  Democracy,  The  Citizen  and 
The  Law,"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Orein  N.  Carter,  LL.D. 

Justice,  Supreme  Court  of  Illinois;  Lecturer  on  "Extraordi- 
nary Legal  Remedies,"  John  Marshall  Law  School;  Professor  of 
Law  and  Lecturer  on  the  "Powers  and  Duties  of  the  Government 
Relating  to  Questions  of  Election  and  Taxation,"  Chicago  Kent 
College  of  Law;  former  President  American  Institute  of  Criminal 
Law  and  Criminology,  and  author  of  "Legal  Ethics"  in  Modern 
ATierican  Law. 

the  law  trained  man  157 

Arthur  L.  Sanborn^  LL.B. 

(See  Staff.) 

Emlin  McClain,  A.m.,  LL.B.,  LL.D.** 

Dean,  Law  School,  University  of  Iowa;  former  Professor  of 
Law,  Leland  Stanford  University  Law  School;  formerly  Chan- 
cellor University  of  Iowa  Law  School,  and  Judge  Iowa  Supreme 
Court;  author,  "Treatise  on  Criminal  Law";  "Constitutional  Law 
of  the  United  States";  editor,  "Annotated  Statutes  of  Iowa," 
"Cases  on  Carriers,"  "Cases  on  Constitutional  Law,"  and  author 
of  "Constitutional  Guaranties  of  Fundamental  Rights"  in  Modern 
American  Law. 

George  C.  Holt,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  LL.D. 

Former  United  States  District  Judge,  Southern  District  of 
New  York;  lecturer  on  the  Law  of  Shipping  and  Admiralty,  Col- 
lege of  Law,  Cornell  University,  and  author  of  "Patents"  and 
"Admiralty  Law  and  Practice"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

William  N.  Gemmill,  Ph.B.,  LL.B.,  LL.D. 

(See  Staff.) 

Philip  Nichols,  A.B.,LL.B. 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

L  Maurice  "Wormser,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Consulting  Counsel,  New  York  Bar;  Professor  of  Law,  Ford- 
ham  University,  New  York  City;  Member  of  Carnegie  Foundation 
Law  Investigation;  graduate  of  Columbia  University;  former 
Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Illinois;  former  editor  "Columbia 
Law  Review";  author  of  Canfield  and  Wormser's  "Cases  on  Pri- 
vate Corporations";  contributor  to  legal  periodicals,  including 
Columbia  Law  Review,  Illinois  Law  Review,  and  Journal  of 
Criminal  Law  and  Criminology,  and  author  of  the  treatise  "Law 
of  Private  Corporations"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

John  R.  Rood,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Michigan;   editor,  "Cases  on 
Property,"  "Cases  on  Wills,"  "Cases  on  Crimes,"  and  author  of 
"Interpretation  of  Statutes"  and  "Judgments  and  Executions"  in 
Modern  American  Law. 


Charles  A.  Huston,  A.B.,  S.J.D.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  Leland  Stanford  Junior  University,  Cali- 
fornia; graduate  of  the  University  of  Chicago;  contributor  to 
Legal  Periodicals,  including  "Business  Corporation  Laws  of  the 
United  States"  in  "Commercial  Laws  of  the  World,"  and  author 
of  "Law — Its  Origin,  Nature  and  Development,"  in  Modern  Ameri- 
can Law. 

John  Wurts,  M.A.,  LL.B.,  M.L. 

Professor  of  Law,  Yale  Law  School;  author  "Minor  and  Wurts 
on  Real  Property";  editor,  "Washburn  on  Real  Property"  (sixth 
edition);  "Florida  Index — Digest,"  and  "Habeas  Corpus"  in 
Modern  American  Law. 

William  P.  Rogers,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  LL.D. 

Dean  of  Cincinnati  Law  School;  received  degrees  A.B.  and 
LL.B.  at  Indiana  University,  and  degree  LL.D.  at  Cincinnati 
University  and  Miami  University;  former  Professor  and  Dean  of 
Law  Department,  Indiana  University,  and  Professor  of  Law, 
Chicago  University  (summer  quarter);  contributor  to  legal  peri- 
odicals, including  "Guaranty"  in  Cyc. ;  "Recovery  of  Money  Paid 
Under  Mistake  of  Law"  in  Michigan  Law  Review;  "Notice  of 
Acceptance  in  Contracts  of  Guaranty"  in  Columbia  Law  Review; 
"Demand  of  Principal  Before  Action  Against  Guarantor"  in  Co- 
lumbia Law  Review;  "Void,  Illegal  or  Unenforceable  Considera- 
tion" in  Yale  Law  Journal;  "Pooling  Agreements  Among  Stock- 
holders" in  Yale  Law  Journal;  "A  Plea  for  Higher  Standards  in 
Legal  Education"  in  Law  Student  Helper;  and  "Superstition  in 
Ancient  Trials"  in  Ohio  Law  Reports.  Author  of  the  treatise  on 
"Damages"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Bruce  Wyman,  A.M.,  LL.B. 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

Paul  S.  Reinsch,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  Ph.D. 

(See  Special  Lectures). 

George  L.  Clark,  A,  B.,  LL.B.,  S.J.D. 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Missouri;  graduate  of  Har- 
vard University;  former  Instructor  in  Law,  Leland  Stanford  Uni- 
versity; Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Illinois,  and  Professor  of 
Law,  University  of  Michigan;  contributor  to  legal  periodicals,  in- 


eluding   "Harvard  Law  Review"  and   "Michigan  Law  Review"; 
author  of  "Conflict  of  Laws"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

William  L.  Buedick,  Ph.D.,  LL.B. 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

William  E.  Mikell,  B.S. 

Dean,  University  of  Pennsylvania  Law  School;  formerly  Pro- 
fessor of  Law,  University  of  Pennsylvania;  graduate  South  Caro- 
lina Military  College;  editor  "Cases  on  Criminal  Law";  "Cases 
on  Criminal  Procedure";  contributor  to  Legal  Periodicals,  in- 
cluding "False  Pretense"  in  Cyclopedia  of  Law  and  Procedure, 
"Life  of  Chief  Justice  Taney"  in  "Great  American  Lawyers;" 
"Limitations  of  the  Treaty-Making  Power  of  the  Federal  Govern- 
ment" in  University  of  Pennsylvania  Law  Review,  and  "Legal 
History  of  Suicide"  in  University  of  Pennsylvania  Law  Review, 
and  author  of  "Criminal  Law"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

William  E.  Higgins,  B.S.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Kansas,  and  author  of  "Equity 
Pleading  and  Practice"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Henry  W.  Ballantine,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Wisconsin;  graduate  of  Har- 
vard College  and  Harvard  Law  School;  formerly  Dean  of  the 
Law  Department,  University  of  Montana;  formerly  Assistant 
Professor,  Hastings  College  of  Law,  San  Francisco,  and  Lecturer, 
Law  University  of  California;  contributor  to  legal  periodicals, 
including  "Adapting  the  Case  Book  to  the  Needs  of  Professional 
Training"  in  American  Law  School  Review;  "Martial  Law"  in 
Columbia  Law  Review,  "Labor  Legislation  and  the  Judicial  Veto" 
in  Case  and  Comment,  "Doctrine  of  Consideration"  in  Michigan 
Law  Review;  "Mutuality  and  Consideration,"  Harvard  Law  Re- 
view; "Unconstitutional  Claims  of  Military  Authority,"  Yale 
Law  Journal,  and  "Law  of  Contracts"  in  "Commercial  Law  of  the 
World."  Editor,  "Blackstone's  Commentaries"  in  Modern  Ameri- 
can Law  and  author  of  treatise  on  "Personal  Property  and  Bail- 
ments" in  Modern  American  Law. 

Fredeeick  W.  Sciienk. 

Librarian  of  the  Law  School  Library,  University  of  Chicago; 
First   Vice-President,   American   Association    of   Law    Libraries; 


former  Assistant  Librarian,  Boston  Y.  M.  C.  A.,  and  cataloguer, 
Harvard  Law  Library;  Managing  Editor  of  Index  to  Legal  Peri- 
odicals and  Law  Library  Journal;  Indexer  of  the  volume  and 
Cumulative  indexes  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Dudley  A.  McGovney,  A.B,.  A.M.,  LL.B. 

Acting  Dean  and  Professor  of  Law,  Tulane  University;  re- 
ceived degree  A.B.  at  Indiana  University,  degree  A.M.  at  Harvard 
University,  and  degree  LL.B.  at  Columbia  University;  former  In- 
structor in  Government  Normal  School,  Manila,  P.  I.,  and  former 
Instructor  in  Law,  University  of  Illinois;  author  of  "Civil  Gov- 
ernment in  the  Philippines";  contributor  to  legal  periodicals,  in- 
cluding Columbia  Law  Review,  American  Historical  Review,  and 
American  Journal  of  International  Law,  and  author  of  "Inter- 
state Commerce"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

George  F.  Wells,  LL.B.,  LL.D. 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

William  Carey  Joxes,  M.A. 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

John  H.  Perry,  M.A.,  LL.B. 

Lecturer  on  Parliamentary  Law,  Yale  Law  School;  State  Sena- 
tor of  Connecticut;  received  degree  M.A.  from  Yale  University 
and  degree  LL.B.  from  Columbia  University;  First  Vice-President 
and  frequently  presiding  officer  of  Connecticut  Constitutional 
Convention;  was  speaker  of  the  Connecticut  House  of  Representa- 
tives in  1889.  Author  of  "Parliamentary  Law"  in  Modern  Ameri- 
can Law. 

Charles  S.  Cutting,  LL.D. 

Member  of  the  Chicago  Bar;  member  of  the  Board  of  Law 
Examiners,  Illinois;  Lecturer  on  Probate  Practice,  John  Marshall 
Law  School;  Lecturer  on  Probate  Law,  Chicago  Kent  College  of 
Law;  formerly  Judge,  Probate  Court  of  Cook  County,  Illinois. 
Author  of  "Law  of  Descent — Wills — Administration — Guardian 
and  Ward,"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Oliver  A.  Harkek,  A.M.,  LL.D. 
(See  Staff.) 


Frank  L.  Simpson,  A.B.,  LL.D. 

Professor  of  Law,  Boston  University  Law  School;  editor  of 
"Cases  on  Torts,"  and  author  of  "Torts — Conversion,"  in  Modern 
American  Law. 

Charles  M.  Hepburn,  A.B.,  LL.B.,  LL.D. 

Professor  of  Law,  Indiana  University  School  of  Law;  received 
degree  A.B.  at  Davidson  College,  degree  LL.B.  at  University  of 
Virginia  and  degree  LL.D.  at  Miami  University;  former  Lecturer 
on  Code  Pleading  and  on  Common  Law  Pleading  at  the  Cincin- 
nati Law  School;  author  of  "Historical  Development  of  Code 
Pleading  in  England  and  America"  and  "Cases  on  Code  Plead- 
ing"; contributor  to  legal  periodicals,  including  "Parties"  in 
Cyc,  "Venue"  in  Cyc,  and  "Writ  of  Entry"  in  Cyc.  Author  of 
"Torts — Defamation,"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Charles  E.  Carpenter,  A.B.,  A.M.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Illinois;  former  Professor  of 
Law,  University  of  North  Dakota;  received  degree  A.B.  and  A.M. 
at  Kansas  University  and  degree  LL.B.  at  Harvard  University; 
former  principal  High  school,  Eureka,  Kansas;  formerly  teacher 
in  High  school,  Cambridge,  Massachusetts,  and  Teaching  Fellow 
at  Kansas  University;  contributor  to  legal  periodicals,  including 
"De  Facto  Corporations"  in  Harvard  Law  Review;  author  of 
treatise  on  the  "Law  of  Guaranty  and  Suretyship"  in  Modern 
American  Law. 

HAR\T:y  N.  Shepard,  A.B. 
(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

Henry  W.  Humble,  A.M.,  Ph.B.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Kansas;  received  degrees  of 
A.B.  and  LL.B.  at  University  of  Cincinnati;  Ph.B.  at  University 
of  Chicago;  A.M.  at  Cornell  University;  former  member  of  Cin- 
cinnati Bar;  taught  Political  Economy  at  Cornell  University; 
Secretary,  Kansas  Society  of  Criminal  Law  and  Criminology; 
contributor  to  American  Law  Review;  author  of  various  legal 
articles;  author  of  "Insurance"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Henry  H.  Ingersoll,  M.A.,  LL.D.* 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

♦Deceased,   April,    1915. 


John  N.  Pomeroy,  A.M.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  College  of  Law,  University  of  Illinois; 
graduate  of  Yale  University  and  of  University  of  California; 
author  of  ''Equitable  Remedies";  editor  of  "Pomeroy  on  Equity 
Jurisprudence"  (several  editions)  ;  chief  editor,  "Pomeroy's  Anno- 
tated Code  of  California";  author  of  "Equity"  in  Modern  Ameri- 
can Law. 

William  L.  Symons,  LL.M.,  M.P.L. 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

Barey  Gilbert,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  State  University  of  Iowa;  graduate  of  North- 
western University;  former  Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Illi- 
nois and  University  of  Iowa;  author  of  "Iowa  Probate  Law"  and 
"Mechem  and  Gilbert's  Cases  on  Damages";  contributor  to  legal 
periodicals,  including  "The  Independent  Contractor,"  "Illinois 
Law  Review,''  "The  Right  of  Asylum,"  Harvard  Law  Review,  and 
American  Journal  of  International  Law;  co-author  with  Emlin 
McClain  of  "Fire  Insurance"  in  Cyc,  and  author  of  "Torts — Neg- 
ligence and  Legal  Cause,"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Edwin  Maxey,  D.C.L.,  LL.D. 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

George  Lawyer,  A.M.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  Albany  Law  School;  graduate  of  Hamilton 
College  and  of  Albany  Law  School;  editor,  "Smith  on  Personal 
Property  and  Sales"  (second  edition);  author  of  "Bankruptcy"  in 
Modern  American  Law. 


Lecturer,  Fordham  University  Law  School,  and  author  of  the 
treatise  on  "Evidence"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

T.  J.  Moll,  Ph.B.,  LL.M. 
(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

James  W.  McCreery. 

Lecturer  on  the   Law  of   Irrigation,  University  of  Colorado; 


author  of  "Water  Rights  and   Irrigation"  in  Modern  American 

Geoege  G.  Bogert,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

(See  Staff.) 

Edward  E.  Osborn. 

Professor  of  Law.  University  of  Kansas;  formerly  Professor 
of  Law  and  Acting  Dean,  Washburn  College  School  of  Law 
and  author  of  "Torts-Deceit."  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Arthur  W.  Blakemgee,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

James  L.  Hopkins,  LL.B. 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

William  G.  Hale,  B.S.,  LL.B. 

(See  Staff.) 

George  F.  Tucker,  Ph.D.,  LL.B. 

(See  Special  Lecturers.) 

James  W.  Garner,  B.S.,  Ph.D. 

Professor  of  Political  Science,  University  of  Illinois;  former 
editor,  Journal  of  Criminal  Law  and  Criminology;  author  of 
"Introduction  to  Political  Science,  American  Government";  au- 
thor of  "Constitutional  Law— 'Definition  and  Principles,'  'Organ- 
ization and  Powers  of  the  United  States  Government,'  "'  in  Mod- 
ern American  Law. 

R.  L.  Henry,  Jr.,  Ph.B.,  J.D.,  B.C.L. 

Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Iowa;  former  Dean,  College 
of  Law,  University  of  North  Dakota;  graduate  of  the  University 
of  Chicago;  former  Professor  of  Law,  Louisiana  State  University 
and  former  Assistant  Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Illinois;' 
author  of  "Law  of  Liens  and  Pledges"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Louis  B.  Ewbank,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  Indiana  Law  School;  author  of  "Manual  of 
Indiana  Appellate  Practice,"  "Indiana  Trial  Evidence,"  "Indiana 


Criminal  Law"  and  ''Modern  Business  Corporations";   author  of 
"Pleadings  in  Civil  Actions"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

JoHx  C.  TowNEs,  LL.D, 

Professor  of  Law  and  Dean  of  the  Law  Department,  Univer- 
sity of  Texas;  graduate  of  Bagler  University,  Waco,  Texas;  for- 
mer District  Judge  and  President  Association  of  American  Law 
Schools;  author,  "Townes'  Texas  Pleadings,"  "Studies  in  Ameri- 
can Elementary  Law,"  "General  Principles  of  the  Law  of  Torts," 
"Law  Books  and  How  to  Use  Them,"  "Civil  Government  of  the 
United  States  and  Texas,"  and  "Elementary  Civics";  author  of 
"Malicious  Prosecution"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Elmer  M.  Liessmann,  LL.B. 

Lecturer  on  "Persons,  Illinois  Law,  Property  Law,"  at  North- 
western University;  graduate  of  Northwestern  University;  au- 
thor of  "Illinois  Tax  Laws  and  Decisions";  contributor  to  legal 
periodicals,  including  "Steam  Water  Rights"  in  Illinois  Law  Re- 
view; author  of  "Persons  and  Domestic  Relations"  in  Modern 
American  Law. 

William  A.  Ferguson,  A.B.,  A.M.,  LL.B. 

Lecturer  at  Fordham  University  School  of  Law,  New  York 
City,  and  author  of  "Agency"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

H.  Claude  Horack,  Ph.D.,  LL.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  State  University  of  Iowa;  graduate  of  Uni- 
versity of  Iowa  and  Harvard  University;  former  Assistant  Pro- 
fessor of  Law,  University  of  Wisconsin;  editor,  "Iowa  State  Bar 
Association  Proceedings";  author  of  "Agency"  in  Modern  Ameri- 
can Law. 

William  E.  Colby,  LL.B. 

Lecturer,  the  Law  of  Mines,  University  of  California;  former 
special  lecturer  on  the  Law  of  Mines,  Leland  Stanford  Jr.  Univer- 
sity; Assistant  Editor,  third  edition  of  "Lindley  on  Mines"; 
author  of  "History  of  American  Mining  Law"  for  Carnegie  Insti- 
ture,  Washington,  D.  C. ;  author  of  "Law  of  Mines  and  Mining" 
in  Modern  American  Law. 

Arthur  M.  Cathcart,  A.B. 

Professor  of  Law,  Leland  Stanford  Jr.  University;    graduate 


of  Leland  Stanford  Jr.  University;  former  Assistant  Professor 
and  Associate  Professor  in  Leland  Stanford  Jr.  University;  for- 
mer Lecturer  in  Law,  University  of  California,  and  former  Pro- 
fessor of  Law  at  University  of  Chicago;  author  of  "Quasi-Con- 
tracts"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Oliver  S.  Rundell,  LL.B. 

Member  of  the  Wisconsin  Bar;  former  Assistant  Professor  of 
Law,  University  of  Wisconsin;  author  of  "Estoppel"  in  Modern 
American  Law. 

Maxley  0.  Hudson,  A.B.,  A.M.,  LL.B. 

Associate  Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Missouri;  author  of 
"Estates  Tail  in  Missouri";  author  of  "Mortgages— Real  and 
Chattel,"  in  Modern  American  Law. 

Francis  L.  Harwood,  A.B.,  LL.B. 

(See  Staff.) 

Ljautord  " 


'  Syracuse,  N.  Y. 

!  Stockton,  Calit. 


Los  Angeles 

This  book  is  DUE  on  the  last  date  stamped  below. 

AUG  2  7  1969 

?R  2  4  1970 

my      7  1975 

Form  L9-Series  4939